Venetoclax and Chemotherapy as Frontline Therapy in Older Patients and Patients With Relapsed/Refractory ALL

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Apr 30, 2025
  • participants needed
    82
  • sponsor
    Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Updated on 1 February 2022
cancer
lymphoid leukemia
cyclophosphamide
methotrexate
cytarabine
mercaptopurine
etoposide
dexamethasone

Summary

This research study is studying a medication called Venetoclax and a chemotherapy regimen as a possible treatment for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.

The drugs involved in this study are:

  • Venetoclax
  • Standard Chemotherapy (which includes cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, dexamethasone, methotrexate, 6-mercaptopurine, etoposide, and cytarabine

Description

This research study is a Phase I clinical trial, which tests the safety of an investigational drug and drug combination and also tries to define the appropriate dose of the investigational drug and drug combination to use for further studies. "Investigational" means that the drug and drug combination is being studied.

The FDA (the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has not approved Venetoclax for this specific disease, but it has been approved for other uses.

Venetoclax is an inhibitor of Bcl-2. Bcl-2 is critical for keeping cancer cells alive.

By inhibiting Bcl-2, venetoclax promotes cancer cell death. This drug is currently being used in other clinical trials for people with certain types of leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. There is some evidence from those and other laboratory trials that venetoclax may kill cancer cells and cause tumors to shrink.

In this research study, the investigators are investigating how safe the combination of Venetoclax and standard chemotherapy is and how it affects this disease.. The participant will be given Venetoclax alone first and the standard chemotherapies will be given in combination. This study aims to provide information to help determine the dose of Venetoclax , in combination with standard chemotherapy, affects this disease the best and which dose is the safest.

Details
Condition Leukemia
Treatment Standard chemotherapy, venetoclax
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03319901
SponsorDana-Farber Cancer Institute
Last Modified on1 February 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients with previously untreated acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-cell or T-cell)
Bone marrow involvement with 20% lymphoblasts
Age 60 Years
OR
Patients with relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-cell or T-cell) defined as receiving one or more cytotoxic containing regimens
Bone marrow involvement with 5% lymphoblasts
Age 18 Years
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 2 (Refer to Appendix D)
Adequate organ function
Serum total bilirubin 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or 3 x ULN for patients with Gilbert's disease
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) 3.0 x ULN, unless clearly due to disease involvement
Creatinine clearance >50 mL/min (calculated according to institutional standards or using Cockcroft-Gault or Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula)
Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine beta human chorionic gonadotropin (-hCG) pregnancy test result within 14 days prior to the first dose of study drugs and must agree to use an effective contraception method during the study and for 30 days following the last dose of study drug. Women of nonchildbearing potential are those who are postmenopausal greater than 1 year or who have had a bilateral tubal ligation or hysterectomy. Men who have partners of childbearing potential must agree to use an effective contraceptive method during the study and for 30 days following the last dose of study drug
Patients or their legally authorized representative must provide written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Ph-positive ALL, Burkitt's leukemia/lymphoma, or lymphoblastic lymphoma
Patient is pregnant or breastfeeding
Patients with uncontrolled infection
Hepatitis B or C infection, or known seropositivity for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Major surgery or radiation therapy within 4 weeks prior to the first study dose
Systemic chemotherapy/radiotherapy/investigational therapy within 14 days (with the exception of hydroxyurea and/or dexamethasone, or one dose of cytarabine) prior to starting therapy
Symptomatic or untreated leptomeningeal disease or spinal cord compression
Patients with active heart disease (New York Heart Association (NYHA) class 3-4 as assessed by history and physical examination, unstable angina/stroke/myocardial infarction within the last 6 months)
Patients with a cardiac ejection fraction (as measured by either Multi Gated Acquisition (MUGA) or echocardiogram (EKG)) <40%
History of another primary invasive malignancy that has not been definitively treated or in remission for at least 2 years. Patients with non-melanoma skin cancers or with carcinomas in situ are eligible regardless of the time from diagnosis (including concomitant diagnoses)
Concurrent use of warfarin
Received Cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) inhibitors (such as fluconazole, ketoconazole, voriconazole, and clarithromycin) within 3 days of starting venetoclax; received strong CYP3A inducers (such as rifampin, rifabutin, phenytoin, carbamazepine, and St. John's Wort) within 3 days of starting venetoclax
Consumed grapefruit, grapefruit products, Seville oranges, or star fruit within 3 days prior to starting venetoclax
Prior treatment with venetoclax
Malabsorption syndrome or other conditions that preclude enteral route of administration
Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that in the opinion of the investigator may increase the risk associated with study participation or investigational product administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and/or would make the patient inappropriate for enrollment into this study
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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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