Redesigning Systems to Improve Quality for Hospitalized Patients

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Aug 31, 2022
  • participants needed
    5808
  • sponsor
    Northwestern University
Updated on 25 July 2021

Summary

Despite recent improvements, healthcare systems are still a long way from consistently delivering high quality care to hospitalized patients. In this study, the research team is assisting hospitals in implementing a set of complementary, mutually reinforcing interventions to redesign care for hospitalized medical patients. The investigators anticipate the interventions will improve teamwork and patient outcomes and that identifiable factors and strategies will be associated with successful implementation.

Description

Most adults requiring hospitalization are admitted for medical conditions, yet the optimal model of care for these patients is yet to be established. Current care delivery models lack the ability to optimally coordinate care on a daily basis and improve performance over time. A growing body of research has tested interventions to redesign aspects of care delivery for hospitalized medical patients. These interventions improve processes and culture, but the evidence that patient outcomes have improved is equivocal. Importantly, most studies have examined the effect of single interventions in isolation, yet these interventions are better conceptualized as complementary and mutually reinforcing components of a redesigned clinical microsystem. Clinical microsystems are the front line care giving units where patients, families, and care teams meet. Our research team developed a set of complementary, mutually reinforcing interventions based on available evidence and anchored in a clinical microsystem framework. The 5 Advanced and Integrated MicroSystems (AIMS) interventions include: 1) Unit-based Physician Teams, 2) Unit Nurse-Physician Co-leadership, 3) Enhanced Interdisciplinary Rounds, 4) Unit-level Performance Reports, 5) Patient Engagement Activities. Our long term goal is to discover and disseminate the optimal model of care to improve outcomes for hospitalized patients. Our specific objective for this proposal is to implement a set of evidence-based complementary interventions across a range of clinical microsystems, identify factors and strategies associated with successful implementation, and evaluate the impact on quality. Our research team is using mentored implementation, i.e., coaching by external professionals who are experts in the area of focus, to help facilitate change. The research team has enrolled 4 hospitals in this quality improvement mentored implementation study. Our hypothesis is that uptake of the complementary components of the intervention set will result in improvements in teamwork climate and patient outcomes.

Specific Aims of the Redesigning Systems to Improve Quality for Hospitalized Patients (RESET) study include:

  1. Conduct a multi-site mentored implementation study in which each site adapts and implements complementary interventions to improve care for medical patients.
  2. Evaluate the effect of the intervention set on teamwork climate and patient outcomes related to safety, patient experience, and efficiency.
  3. Assess how site-specific contextual factors interact with the variation in the intensity and fidelity of implementation to effect teamwork and patient outcomes.

The findings generated from this study will be directly applicable to hospitals throughout the U.S. and our partnership with the Society of Hospital Medicine, the American Nurses Association, and the Institute for Patient- and Family-Centered Care will ensure effective dissemination and impact.

Details
Condition Interdisciplinary Communication, Social Interaction, Interprofessional Relations, Adverse Event
Treatment Advanced and Integrated MicroSystems (AIMS) interventions
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03745677
SponsorNorthwestern University
Last Modified on25 July 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Adult patients admitted, under inpatient or observation status, to study units

Exclusion Criteria

Patients transferred from other hospitals and those initially admitted to other units
Patients admitted under non-medical services on the study units
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