Effect of NSAID Use on Pain and Opioid Consumption Following Distal Radius Fracture

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Mar 1, 2031
  • participants needed
    200
  • sponsor
    University of Missouri-Columbia
Updated on 26 January 2021
narcotic
range of motion

Summary

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, are excellent medications for providing pain control in certain patients. There is some data to suggest that NSAIDs can be used to reduce postoperative pain and narcotic use in patients who had undergone carpal tunnel release. There are mixed results about the effect of bone healing in adult patients with broken bones. The investigators hypothesize that NSAID administration in the acute phase of distal radius fracture healing will be non-inferior for pain control and decrease the use of opioid analgesics compared to patients who take acetaminophen for pain control during this same time period. Furthermore, the investigators hypothesize that patients will have similar or better patient reported outcomes, range of motion, and strength with the administration of NSAIDs.

Description

In the United States, drug overdose deaths and opioid-involved deaths continue to increase, quadrupling since 1999; six out of ten drug overdose deaths involve an opioid. Overdoses from prescription opioids are a driving factor in the 15-year increase in opioid overdose deaths. The amount of prescription opioids sold to pharmacies, hospitals, and doctors' offices has drastically risen, yet there had not been an overall change in the amount of pain that Americans reported. Deaths from prescription opioids-drugs like oxycodone, hydrocodone, and methadone-have more than quadrupled since 1999.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been shown to control both postoperative pain and pain associated with some orthopaedic injuries in children and adults with certain orthopaedic injuries. Further, the use of NSAIDs for pain control has been shown to lessen the use of narcotic pain medications, the adverse effects of which are well known. With the current opioid epidemic, more research is needed to determine strategies to reduce opioid use in patients with orthopaedic injuries. Chapman et al. showed that NSAIDs can be used effectively to reduce postoperative pain and narcotic use in patients who had undergone carpal tunnel release. Although distal radius fractures are one of the most common fractures, no studies have examined the effect of NSAIDs on distal radius fracture pain. The purpose of this study is to compare pain and narcotic pain medication use in patients who have had distal radius fractures in patients who use NSAIDs to those who do not.

To the authors' knowledge, there have been no clinical prospective, randomized studies to evaluate the effect that NSAIDs have on patients with distal radius fractures. The investigators hypothesize that NSAID administration in the acute phase of distal radius fracture healing will be non-inferior for pain control and decrease the use of opioid analgesics compared to patients who take acetaminophen for pain control during this same time period. Furthermore, the investigators hypothesize that patients will have similar or better patient reported outcomes, range of motion, and strength with the administration of NSAIDs.

Details
Condition Distal Radius Fracture, fracture distal radius
Treatment ibuprofen, Acetaminophen
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03749616
SponsorUniversity of Missouri-Columbia
Last Modified on26 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age 18
Distal radius fracture

Exclusion Criteria

Contraindication to NSAID use (cannot tolerate, gastritis, ulcers)
Inability to take breakthrough medications
Regular use of NSAIDs
Regular use of Narcotics
Open fracture
Other orthopaedic injuries (polytrauma)
Pathologic fracture
Previous injury to the bone
Pregnant or plan to become pregnant
Unable to sign informed consent
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