Last updated on March 2019

Pre-operative and Post-operative Physiotherapy in Children With Abdominal Surgery


Brief description of study

The study will be conducted in a pediatric surgery ward, department of pediatrics. Children between the ages of 5 to 17 years who underwent for abdominal surgery will be recruited by simple random sampling. Parents of all the potential participants will receive a written explanation of the trial and given written informed consent forms to be signed prior to their child being involved in the trial. Pre- op physiotherapy education is given to one experimental group and after surgery post operative treatment is given to both the experimental groups. spirometery, 6 minute walk test, 10 meter walk test, Timed up and go test and Nine star stair climbing test will be used for data collection.

Detailed Study Description

Pre- operative education is given to the experimental group 1 only. Pre- op. physiotherapy education includes-

Pursed lip breathing exercises 10 repetitions Diaphragmatic breathing exercises 10 repetitions Leg ROM (active hip and knee flexion, extension and abduction exercises) and ankle toe movements exercises 10 repititions

Post- op. physiotherapy will be given to both the experimental groups. it includes- On Post operative day 1

Deep breathing exercises- Pursed lip breathing exercises Diaphragmatic breathing exercises (5 repetitions 2 sets)

Segmental breathing exercises 5 repetitions 2 sets Incentive spirometer 10 breaths up to 600 cc (In three sets) per session Leg Range of motion exercises (active hip and knee flexion and extension exercises) 5 repetitions 2 sets Ankle and toe movements 10 repetitions 2 sets Ambulation program High sitting minimum of 2 min Static March for 1 min Walk for 5 min. every 2 hourly

Post operative day 2 Deep breathing exercises- Pursed lip breathing exercises Diaphragmatic breathing exercises (5 repetitions 2 sets) Segmental breathing exercises 5 repetitions 2 sets Incentive spirometer 10 breaths upto 600 cc (In three sets) per sessionThoracic expansion exercises- ACBT (Active cycles of breathing techniques)

Diaphragmatic breathing (10 rep.), deep breathing (5 sec. hold), huffing x 2 repetitions twice a day Walk for 10 min. every 2 hourly

Post operative day 3 Pursed lip breathing exercises x 10 repetitions x 2 sets Incentive spirometer 10 breaths upto 900cc (In three sets) per session Thoracic expansion exercisesACBT Diaphragmatic breathing (5-10 rep.), deep breathing (5 sec. hold), huffing x 2 repetitions twice a day Walk for 15 min. every 2 hourly

Post operative day 4 Incentive spirometer/ 10breaths upto 900cc (In three sets) per session Walk for 20 min. every 4 hourly

Post operative day 5 Incentive spirometer / 10breaths upto 1000cc (In three sets) per session Stair climbing up to 9 steps in ascending and descending pattern for 5 minutes rest in between

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03543904

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Recruitment Status: Closed


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