Last updated on November 2018

Pomalidomide/Cyclophosphamide/Dexamethasone in Relapse Refractory Myeloma: Safety Profile in Mexicans

Brief description of study

Despite available therapies, MM uniformly fatal and participants who have received prior lenalidomide (Len) and bortezomib have a median overall survival (OS) of 9 months.

Pomalidomide (Pom) plus low-dose dexamethasone (Dex) significantly improved efficacy parameters in terms of progression free survival (PFS), OS, and overall response (ORR) compared with high-dose Dex in participants with refractory or relapsed, and refractory MM, including participants with disease refractory to both bortezomib and lenalidomide.

Alkylating agents also represent standard therapies for participants with MM. There are some reports demonstrating combination of Len and continuous cyclophosphamide (Cy) achieve an ORR of 50% in Len refractory participants, suggesting Cy may be able to overcome resistance to Len.

The investigators aimed to assess the safety in Mexican MM participants in relapse/refractory stage of the triple combination: IV Cy in combination with Pom plus Dex until disease progression. A multicenter study is proposed.

Primary endpoint: Safety. Efficacy as secondary endpoint: PF, OS and ORR.

Detailed Study Description

Multiple myeloma is a plasma cell malignancy with accounts for about 1% of all cancers. Despite available therapies, the disease remains uniformly fatal and participants who have received prior lenalidomide and bortezomib have a median overall survival of 9 months.

Combination therapy is often used in clinical practice. In an attempt to overcome drug/clone resistance, other report with pomalidomide, dexamethasone and cyclophosphamide (PomCyDex) show efficacy and safety information, regimen for refractory myeloma patients with higher overall response rate than pomalidomide and dexamethasone.

In this case a phase II trial scheme is proposed: 1. Pomalidomide at 4 mg orally on days 1-21 of a 28 day cycle, 2. Cyclophosphamide 300 mg IV on days 1 and 15 of a 28 day cycle; and 3. Dexamethasone 40 mg PO weekly. Participants who were >75 years of age or those who were known to be intolerant to 40 mg weekly dexamethasone are going to receive 20 mg dexamethasone on the same schedule.

Pomalidomide is a drug wide studied in American and European population, but not in Mxico. Even it has been approved by local Regulatory authority, there is not any trial supporting data about safety and efficacy in Mexican population. Alkylating agents are very active in MM, and in combination with novel therapies, such as immunomodulatory drugs, has shown to enhance efficacy in relapsed/refractory setting.

It is proposed phase 2 study to assess safety and efficacy of treatment with Pomalidomide in combination with Cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone in a sample of Mexican RRMM participants from ISSSTE.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03601624

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Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico
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Recruitment Status: Open

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