Last updated on November 2018

The Effect of Almonds on Facial Aesthetics and Modulation of the Microbiome and Lipidome

Brief description of study

The investigator hypothesizes that regular consumption of almonds will 1) improve the facial wrinkle severity in post-menopausal women, 2) improve the evenness of facial skin pigmentation, 3) diversify the gut microbiome and increase the short chain fatty acids in the blood, and 4) improve the skin barrier biophysical properties.

Detailed Study Description

This study will be a 24 week supplementation study that utilizes two study groups: 1) control group and 2) almond supplementation: 20% energy intake. This will be a randomized, rater-blinded, and controlled study. There will be a total of 60 subjects, with 30 assigned to the control group and 30 assigned to almond supplementation.

Subjects will be recruited from the UC Davis Dermatology Clinic, UC Davis Main campus, California State University- Sacramento, and from the surrounding community physicians and the community in a 100 mile radius. The greater Sacramento area has a population of over 2 million to draw from and recruitment will be conducted through the use of Social Media and flyer based recruitment. Postmenopausal women have previous been recruited successfully in a previous study. The study visits will be performed at the UC Davis Dermatology Clinic located at 3301 C Street, Suite 1400, Sacramento, CA 95816.

Investigators will collect medical history and current medications from study participantsthis is outlined in the HIPAA form. The two intervention groups will consist of those receiving almonds and those that are receiving a calorie matched snack. The almond dose will be provided as 20% of total energy (20% E) in the diet. This dose was selected based on a previous randomized trial examining lipid parameters in response to 0, 10%, and 20% E as dietary almonds and a recent meta-analysis of intervention trials of tree nuts [5, 6]. The control snack will be a typical western diet snack (see Table 1) . The calorie matched snacks are commercially available prepackaged snack items that will be purchased from Costco. Once a subject has met inclusion criteria and has signed IRB consent, anthropometric data will be obtained, 1-24 hour recall will be collected, training will be provided for recording dietary records, and estimated caloric needs will be calculated. Estimated energy needs (EER) will be determined using the Mifflin-St. Jeor equation and total daily energy needs (TDE) calculated as EER x activity factor of 1.3-1.5 for sedentary to average activity, or a higher activity level as indicated. A representative example of a 60 year old woman, 5'4", 140 pounds with typical activity level yields TDE of approximately 1,600 - 1,800 kcal/day, and 20% E of 320-360 kcal/day. The intervention and control snacks would be 56.7 g of almonds and 56.7 g pretzel + one-24 g chewy granola bar, respectively.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03729700

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Recruitment Status: Open

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