Last updated on November 2018

Study Comparing Two Different Methods of Cryobiopsy in the Interstitial Lung Diseases


Brief description of study

Interstitial lung diseases (ILD) are a heterogeneous collection of more than 100 different pulmonary disorders. Surgical lung biopsie in combination with multidisciplinary discussion is recommend in combination to reach a consensus diagnosis when the initial clinical evaluation is inconclusive in the diagnosis of ILD. Cryobiopsy via bronchoscopy is approved for lung biopsies and allows harvesting of large tissue samples of excellent. This technique is not jet standardized. In this prospective randomised study the investigators want to evaluate the diagnostic yield comparing two different techniques of performing transbronchial cryobiopsy. In this study would be compared a shorter freezing time and more number of biopsies vs a longer freezing time and less number of biopsies.

Detailed Study Description

Design

The investigators design a prospective randomised multicenter study to assess the diagnostic value of cryobiopsy in patients with suspected Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonia by comparing two different interventional methods.

Patients with suspected ILD in which the clinical, radiological and BAL-data are insufficient to establish a definitive clinical diagnosis, requiring then tissue specimen to determine a diagnosis would be included.

Therefore this all patients will undergo transbronchial cryobiopsy. If a definitive diagnosis even after cryobiopsy and MDD cannot be made, SLB will be recommended.

For the cryobiopsies the 1.9 mm cryoprobe and ERBECRYO2 with carbon dioxide will be used. All transbronchial cryobiopsies have to be obtained of one or two lobes of the same lung and in at least two different segments. The bronchopulmonary segment for the cryobiopsy will be selected based on the radiological features shown on a high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the chest. The areas with exclusively fibrotic changes should be avoided. After having touched the pleura with the cryopobe, the probe is retracted one to two centimetres and then in this position the freezing process will be initiated. The flexible bronchoscope with the inserted cryoprobe will be removed through the rigid bronchoscope after the sample was obtained.

The cryobiopsies can be performed in rigid or flexible bronchoscopy. The use of a Fogarty occlusion balloon is left to the discretion of the bronchoscopist.

Experimental Groups:

Group n1: A total of 3 samples with a freezing time of 7 seconds at least for the first biopsy and a freezing time from 5 seconds for the following biopsies.

Group n 2: A total of 8 samples with a freezing time of 3 seconds at least for the first biopsy and a freezing time from <5 seconds for the following biopsies.

Patient preselection:

Inclusion criteria

  1. Inpatients with suspected ILD based on clinical and radiological features
  2. Inpatients with probable pulmonary sarcoidosis without hilar or mediastinal lymph node enlargement
  3. Male or female patients aged 18 years
  4. Signed the informed consent

Exclusion criteria

  1. Bleeding risk:
  2. Known predisposition to bleeding
  3. International randomised ratio (INR) >1,5,
  4. Elevated partial thromboplastin time (PTT)
  5. Platelet count < 80000/ul)
  6. Patients who required full-dose therapeutic anticoagulation or double antiplatelet therapy which can not be stopped as recommended before the cryobiopsy
  7. Oxygen saturation < 90% with supported Oxygen 2l/min
  8. Diffusing capacity (DLCO) <35% or FVC< 50%
  9. Significant pulmonary emphysema
  10. Severe cardiac disease (angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction in the last 6 month, acute hearth failure)
  11. Documented pulmonary hypertension PAP sys >50mmHg
  12. Typical UIP-Pattern in HRCT

Patient's recruitment:

The recruited patients who present all characteristics of the inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria and who signed the inform consent undergo cryobiopsy. All patients undergo a clinical evaluation.

After the clinical evaluation a MDD will take place. In the first MDD a provisional clinical diagnose is proposed. If a transbronchial cryobiopsy is indicated by the MDD, patients are randomised to the groups 1 or 2 immediate before the bronchoscopy.

Once the histological result is achieved, another MDD including the pathologist for establishing the definitive clinical diagnose take place. As all local pathologists of the participating centres are experienced in ILD, the samples are evaluated by the respective pathologist. If case of uncertainty, the samples can be evaluated by a second pathologist in one of the participating centres.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03727568

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Recruitment Status: Open


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