Novel mRNA-based Urine Test for Bladder Cancer in Spinal Cord Injury Individuals

  • End date
    Dec 21, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Swiss Paraplegic Centre Nottwil
Updated on 21 March 2022
spinal cord
bladder cancer
spinal cord disorder
bladder tumor


Bladder cancer is a well-recognized complication in spinal cord injury (SCI) individuals. The observed incidence rates in SCI individuals are considerably higher compared to the general population. Bladder cancer in SCI individuals tends to present at an earlier age compared to the general population. Furthermore, bladder cancer in SCI individuals is more commonly invasive and at a more advanced stage at the time of diagnosis compared to bladder cancer in the general population. Individuals with bladder cancer commonly present with hematuria and other urinary symptoms. The gold standard for diagnosis is cystoscopy. However in SCI individuals, hematuria may get attributed to catheter irritation or trauma or an urinary tract infection. Furthermore, the bladder wall commonly presents with various changes under cystoscopic examination masking the presence of a bladder wall mass. Thus, diagnosis of bladder cancer in SCI individuals can be complicate.

There is a novel test available (GeneXpert® Bladder Cancer Detection, Cepheid International, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) for the measurement of mRNA bladder tumor markers in the urine. The diagnostic accuracy of this test has been investigated in non-SCI individuals with symptoms suspicious for bladder cancer. The test showed high sensitivity and specificity values and is thus a promising diagnostic or screening tool.. However, the diagnostic accuracy of the test has not yet been investigated in SCI individuals.

The primary objective of the proposed study is to investigate whether urine mRNA tumor marker levels in spinal cord injury individuals with symptoms and findings suspicious for bladder cancer are a discriminator between individuals suffering from bladder cancer and those not suffering from cancer.

Individuals presenting with symptoms suspicious of bladder cancer will undergo ultrasonic and cystoscopic examination of the bladder. An urine sample will be taken, and the bladder will be flushed for collecting a bladder fluid sample. In patients with bladder wall findings suspicious of cancer, a bladder wall biopsy will be taken, according to clinical standard practice. The bladder fluid and the bladder wall biopsy will be submitted for cytology and histopathology examination, respectively. Tumor mRNA levels will be measured in the urine sample.

Condition Bladder Cancer, Spinal Cord Injury
Treatment measurement of tumor mRNA concentration in urine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02538809
SponsorSwiss Paraplegic Centre Nottwil
Last Modified on21 March 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Symptoms suspicious of bladder cancer (haematuria, ultrasonic and cystoscopy findings)
Chronic spinal cord injury for a minimum of 3 years
Informed Consent as documented by signature

Exclusion Criteria

Age < 18 years
History of bleeding disorder
Bladder augmentation
Acute, symptomatic urinary tract infection
Previous intravesical treatment (e.g. bladder irrigation, botulinum toxin injection) < 2 weeks)
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact


Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note