Last updated on August 2019

Surgical Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Treatment Trial


Brief description of study

Randomized trial of adults (18 years old) with idiopathic intracranial hypertension and moderate to severe visual loss without substantial recent treatment who are randomly assigned to (1) medical therapy, (2) medical therapy plus ONSF, or (3) medical therapy plus VPS. The primary outcome is visual field mean deviation change at first of Month 6 (26 weeks) or time of treatment failure of the eligible eye(s), followed by a continuation study to assess time to treatment failure. The determination of eligible eye(s) is based on meeting the eligibility criteria at baseline.

Detailed Study Description

After signing the informed consent form, potential subjects will be assessed for eligibility, including eliciting medical and neurologic history, measurement of best-corrected visual acuity, visual field testing, ophthalmoscopy with optic disc edema grading, physical examination, and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). Questionnaires will be completed. Blood will be drawn for complete blood count (CBC), electrolytes, liver function tests, renal function tests, amylase if not done as part of routine care within 4 weeks and a pregnancy test will be performed (women of childbearing potential).

Two visual field examinations using a size V stimulus will need to be performed at the Screening/Baseline Visit. The size V fields will be sent to the Visual Field Reading Center (VFRC) to confirm eligibility or determine that testing must be repeated for the subject.

Eligible individuals will be randomly assigned with equal allocation to one of 3 treatment groups: (1) medical therapy, (2) medical therapy plus ONSF, or (3) medical therapy plus VPS. Acetazolamide should be started on the day of randomization. Surgery should be performed as soon as possible, ideally within 3 days of randomization, but not more than 7 days.

Medical therapy will consist of a low sodium weight loss diet and acetazolamide with or without furosemide. Treatment will start with acetazolamide 2 grams per day, with the dose increased as tolerated up to 4 grams per day. If there is no clinical improvement after 2 weeks of maximal dosage of acetazolamide, furosemide will be started at a dose of 40 mg per day (along with potassium) and titrated up to 160-200 mg per day. Pharmacotherapy will be tapered when there is improvement in the papilledema grade, substantial improvement in the PMD and improvement in symptoms or when there is a safety concern.

The primary outcome is measured at the first of 6 months (26 weeks) or time of treatment failure. During the randomized trial, follow-up visits will occur after weeks 4, 8, 16, and 26 ( 7 days). Safety visits will occur after weeks 1 and 2 ( 4 days). Additional office visits may occur as needed. Phone contacts will occur at 12 and 20 weeks (7 days).

After the 6-month primary outcome visit, subjects will transition to the Treatment Failure Identification Phase for up to 3 years. Ongoing treatment will continue following the guidelines for the first six months as long as treatment failure criteria are not met at which time treatment will be at the discretion of the Site Investigator. Investigators are urged to employ treatments from another arm of the study before other treatments under these circumstances.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03501966

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