Natural History of Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease in the Oral Cavity of Patients Following Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant and Including Healthy Controls

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Feb 22, 2025
  • participants needed
    500
  • sponsor
    National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Updated on 16 October 2022
bone marrow transplant
allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant
chronic graft versus host disease
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

Background

This study follows people who have had, or will soon have, a transplant using stem cells from another person. This is known as an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) can happen after HSCT. cGVHD can cause mouth problems and more serious issues. Researchers want to study changes in the mouth that might indicate cGVHD.

Objective

To identify cGVHD in the mouth and better understand the development, treatment, and progress of post-transplant changes in the mouth.

Eligibility

Adults at least 18 years old who will soon undergo HSCT or have had one in the past 3 years Healthy adults at least 18 years old

Design

All participants will have a screening visit and baseline visit. They will last 60-90 minutes. Over these two visits, participants will have:

Medical and dental history

Dental exam.

Questions about their eating habits and general health

Blood drawn through a needle in the arm

Vital signs taken

Pictures of their mouth and lips taken

Questions about their oral health, including about pain, sensitivity, or dryness

Saliva samples taken. Participants will spit into a sterile plastic tube.

Swabs taken of the mouth and some of the saliva, plaque, and fluid from the spaces between teeth and gums.

Participants may also have:

A piece of skin taken (biopsy) from the inner lining of the cheeks

A piece of skin taken (biopsy) from the lower lip

Dental X-rays

Urine pregnancy test

Most participants will have at least 7 study visits over 3 years. They will meet with a dentist and repeat baseline tests.

Description

Background
  • Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is a multi-organ severe alloimmune and - autoimmune disorder that occurs after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). It is characterized by immune dysregulation, immunodeficiency, impaired organ function, and decreased survival.
  • Manifestations of cGVHD in the oral cavity are observed in 45-85% of cGVHD patients and include 3 components: limitation of mouth opening, oral mucosal changes (lichenoid lesions, ulceration) and salivary gland changes.
  • There is an urgent need for new tools to diagnose and treat oral cGVHD. To develop targeted therapies and non-invasive methods for serial screening, an improved understanding of the clinical course and underlying mechanisms of oral cGVHD are required.
    Objectives
  • Advance understanding of cGVHD pathophysiology and generate hypotheses for future cGVHD studies by tracking the longitudinal development of cGVHD in the oral cavity and transplant-related changes in the oral microenvironment.
  • Leverage knowledge about the impact of transplant on the oral cavity to develop better protocols for supportive dental care, to refine clinical definitions and classifications of oral cGVHD, and to test and improve criteria and tools for clinical trials.
  • Include healthy volunteer cohorts both as a direct control group for HSCT patients, and to characterize measures of interest that were not previously defined in the normal oral cavity.
    Eligibility
  • Patients who are scheduled to undergo allogeneic HSCT at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) or who have already undergone allogeneic HSCT at the NIH or elsewhere.
  • Healthy individuals who have not undergone transplant and are willing to undergo oral exam and sample collection will be included in a control group.
  • All study subjects, including patients and healthy individuals, must be able to provide written informed consent and be willing to return to the NIH Dental Clinic for scheduled evaluations.
    Design
  • This is a single site, observational study with four cohorts. There are 2 transplant cohorts: the New Transplant Cohort ("Cohort NT"; approximate n=300) consists of patients who are scheduled to undergo allogeneic HSCT (under another protocol at the NIH) and the Prior Transplant Cohort ("Cohort PT"; approximate n=100) consists of patients who have already undergone allogeneic HSCT. These Cohorts will have up to 7 regularly scheduled visits across 3 years, along with a variable number of acute-episode visits. Subjects enrolled as NT or PT, who require a subsequent transplant are eligible to be either enrolled or re-enrolled into the PT cohort to be followed for the 7 visits in 3 years. Additionally, subjects will have the opportunity to participate in and optional annual follow-up visits in years 4-10 post transplant.
  • The other 2 Cohorts include healthy volunteers: the Healthy-controls Longitudinal (HL) Cohort ("Cohort HL"; approximate n=20) includes subjects who will participate in up to 4 study visits across 1 year, and the Healthy-controls Short-term (HS) Cohort ("Cohort HS"; approximate n=80) will participate in a single baseline visit.
  • Each visit will include collection of biologic samples, patient-reported data and clinical assessments.
  • Initial statistical analysis will begin with unsupervised clustering methods and simple logistic regression to identify biomarkers important in oral cGVHD. Based upon the results of these initial analyses, more complex multivariate statistical models will be developed to both classify and predict onset of oral cGVHD. Given the hypothesisgenerating nature of this study, additional prospective statistical analysis plans will be developed in consultation with a statistician as the study progresses to address specific scientific questions.

Details
Condition Graft Versus Host Disease
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03602599
SponsorNational Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Last Modified on16 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Subjects in Cohort NT and Cohort PT must satisfy all of the following criteria in order to participate in the study
Scheduled to undergo allogeneic HSCT at the NIH (Cohort NT) or have already undergone allogeneic HSCT at the NIH or another institution (Cohort PT) and are within 3 years of most recent bone marrow transplant
Willing to participate in protocol evaluations including saliva collection, oral swab collection, and completion of patient-reported outcome (PRO) forms
Willing to return to the NIH Dental Clinic for scheduled evaluations
Be at least 18 years of age at screening
Be able to understand and provide written informed consent
Subjects in Cohort HL and Cohort HS must satisfy all of the following criteria in
order to participate in the study
Be at least 18 years of age at screening
Willing to undergo oral exam and participate in Visit 1 protocol evaluations including saliva collection, oral swab collection and oral biopsies
Be able to understand and provide written informed consent
Potentially be age- and/or sex-matched with a transplant patient
Subjects in Cohort HL must additionally be willing and able to return to the NIH
Dental Clinic for scheduled visits across 1 year and participate in
evaluations including saliva collection, oral swab collection, and completion
of PRO forms

Exclusion Criteria

Subjects in any Cohort will be excluded if they are pregnant, as pregnancy can have a confounding effect on the oral microbiome
Subjects in Cohort NT may not participate in the study if, in the opinion of the NIH transplant team, participation in the protocol would not be safe or in the subject s best interest
Subjects in Cohort PT. There are no additional exclusion criteria for subjects in this cohort
Subjects in Cohorts HL and Cohort HS may not participate in the study if they meet either of the following criteria
Have any acute oral mucosal or dental infection requiring multiple dental appointments or specialist referral for treatment; uncontrolled chronic disease; active systemic illness; are currently undergoing orthodontic treatment; history of frequent opportunistic infection; autoimmune disease; immunosuppressive medications; or prior organ, bone marrow, or peripheral blood stem cell transplant
Are taking medications or are on other ongoing therapies that have a known or suspected major impact on the oral microbiome
Subjects in Cohort HL additionally may not participate if they are planning to become
pregnant within the next year or refuse to have oral biopsies
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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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