Melatonin for Adolescent Migraine Prevention Study

    Not Recruiting
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Amy Gelfand
Updated on 12 May 2021
daily headaches
preventive medication


This will be a randomized, multi-site double-blind placebo-controlled trial of melatonin (2 different dosing arms) vs. placebo for migraine prevention in adolescents. We intend to enroll approximately 210 participants over 15 months at two sites: UCLA and UCSF. The duration of participation for each participant will be 4 months.


Participation includes 16 weeks of daily headache diary recording and taking the study pill every night, 1-2 hours before bed. Aside from the initial 1 hour enrollment visit, all remaining study procedures will be completed from home.

During the enrollment visit, history of migraine, questionnaires, a neurologic and physical exam (including weight, blood pressure, pulse, and respiratory rate) will be performed. Girls who have had their first period will undergo a urine pregnancy test and will be instructed to use birth control if they are sexually active.

For the first 8 week phase, participants will be instructed to take one study pill every night, 1-2 hours before bedtime and complete a daily headache diary from a smartphone. Phone call check-ins will occur at week 4 and week 8.

After the first 8 weeks of the study, participants who are eligible for the second phase of the study will be notified by study staff and will be sent the next set of study pills. Again, participants will be instructed to take the study pill every night, 1-2 hours before bedtime and complete a diary entry every evening.

Phone call check-ins will occur at week 12 and week 16. At the final 16 week phone call, additional questionnaires and study completion feedback will be collected.

Condition Migraine
Treatment Melatonin, Placebo oral capsule
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03150797
SponsorAmy Gelfand
Last Modified on12 May 2021

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