Safety and Antiemetic Efficacy of Akynzeo Plus Dexamethasone During Radiotherapy and Concomitant Weekly Cisplatin

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Apr 15, 2022
  • participants needed
    80
  • sponsor
    Christina Ruhlmann
Updated on 24 January 2021
cancer
absolute neutrophil count
dexamethasone
antiemetics
emetic
palonosetron
netupitant
akynzeo

Summary

This is a multicentre, single-arm, phase II study to investigate the safety and antiemetic efficacy of Akynzeo (a fixed dose combination of palonosetron and netupitant) plus dexamethasone in patients receiving concomitant chemo-radiotherapy with weekly cisplatin for at least five weeks.

Description

Akynzeo contains a combination of the neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist netupitant and the serotonin receptor antagonist palonosetron. Akynzeo is approved as antiemetic prophylaxis in patients receiving high emetogenic chemotherapy e.g. high dose cisplatin administered every three weeks.

From a previous clinical trial (GAND-emesis trial) we know that patients receiving radiotherapy and concomitant weekly cisplatin 40 mg/m2 are better protected against nausea and vomiting when a triplet antiemetic prophylaxis (neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist, serotonin receptor antagonist, and corticosteroid) is applied.

In the Akynzeo phase III clinical trials, Akynzeo was administered every three weeks. The neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist, netupitant, has a long plasma half-life (approx. 90 hours), and theoretically the drug could accumulate when administered on a weekly basis.

The DANGER-emesis trial is designed to collect safety and efficacy data in patients receiving Akynzeo weekly as antiemetic prophylaxis in combination with dexamethasone in patients treated for cervical cancer with radiotherapy and concomitant weekly cisplatin 40 mg/m2.

Details
Condition Cervical Cancer, Disorders of cervix NOS, Uterine Cancer, Adverse Event, Chemotherapy-induced Nausea and Vomiting, Chemotherapy-induced Nausea and Vomiting, Chemotherapy-induced Nausea and Vomiting, cervical carcinoma, cervical cancer, uterine, carcinoma of the cervix uteri, carcinoma of the cervix, cervix cancer, cancer of the cervix, carcinoma of cervix, Chemotherapy-induced Nausea and Vomiting
Treatment Dexamethasone, Akynzeo
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03668639
SponsorChristina Ruhlmann
Last Modified on24 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

The patient has a diagnosis of cervical cancer
The patient understands the nature and purpose of this study and the study procedures and has signed informed consent
The patient is aged 18 years
The patient must be both chemo- and radiotherapy (RT) nave. NB: previously low voltage RT or electron RT for non-melanoma skin cancers is allowed
The patient is scheduled to receive fractionated radiotherapy and concomitant weekly cisplatin at a dose of 40 mg/m2 for at least five weeks
Brachy therapy is scheduled to be initiated after the third cycle of weekly cisplatin, and preferentially after the fifth week of treatment
Chemotherapy with an emetic risk potential of minimal or mild (up to 30%) is allowed on days 1-4 (see ref. 14)
The patient has a WHO Performance Status of 2
Hematologic and metabolic status must be adequate for receiving weekly cisplatin in a dose of 40 mg/m2, and meet the following criteria
Total neutrophils 1500/mm3 (Standard units : 1.5 x 109/L)
Platelets 100,000/mm3 (Standard units: 100.0 x 109/L)
Bilirubin 1.5 x ULN (Upper Limits of Normal)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) 2.5 x ULN
GFR 50 ml/min
The patient is able to read, understand, and complete questionnaires and daily components of the Patient Diary for each study cycle
For patients of childbearing potential, urine human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) (urine dipstick pregnancy test) or blood hCG results must be negative at screening, and these patients must agree to one of the following methods of contraception
Hormonal contraceptives (contraceptive pills, implants, transdermal patches, hormonal vaginal devices or injections with prolonged release)
Male partner who is sterile prior to the patient's entry into the study and is the sole sexual partner for that patient
Complete abstinence from intercourse for two weeks before study entry and throughout the study period plus a period after the trial to account for elimination of the drug (minimum of eight days). Abstinence is only an acceptable contraception form, when it reflects the usual and preferred lifestyle of the patient

Exclusion Criteria

The patient has a current malignant diagnosis other than cervical cancer, with exception of non-melanoma skin cancers
The patient is pregnant or lactating
The patient has experienced emesis (i.e., vomiting and/or retching) or clinically significant nausea (defined as nausea graded as moderate or severe) in the 24 hours preceding the first dose of study medication
The patient has a history active peptic ulcer disease, gastrointestinal obstruction, gastrointestinal carcinoma, increased intracranial pressure, hypercalcemia, or any uncontrolled medical condition (other than malignancy) which in the opinion of the Investigator may confound the results of the study, represent another potential etiology for emesis and nausea (other than CINV/RINV) or pose an unwarranted risk to the patient
The patient has a known hypersensitivity or contraindication to palonosetron, another 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, dexamethasone, or netupitant
The patient has previously received an NK1 receptor antagonist
The patient has received an investigational drug in the previous 30 days or is scheduled to receive any investigational drug during the study period
The patient has taken/received any medication of moderate or high emetogenic potential within the 48 hours prior to the first dose of study medications. Opiate drugs for cancer pain will be permitted if the patient has been on a stable dose and has not experienced emesis or clinically significant nausea from the narcotics in the 24 hours preceding the first dose of study medication
The patient has taken/received any medication with known or potential antiemetic activity within the 24-hour period prior to receiving study drugs. This includes, but is not limited to
-HT3 receptor antagonists (e.g., ondansetron, granisetron, dolasetron, tropisetron, ramosetron). Palonosetron is not permitted within 7 days prior to receiving study drugs
Benzamide / benzamide derivatives (e.g., metoclopramide, alizapride)
Benzodiazepines (except if the patient is receiving such medication for sleep or anxiety and has been on a stable dose for at least seven days prior to the first dose of study medications)
Phenothiazines (e.g., prochlorperazine, promethazine, metopimazine, fluphenazine, perphenazine, thiethylperazine, chlorpromazine)
Butyrophenone (e.g., haloperidol, droperidol)
Corticosteroids (e.g., dexamethasone, methylprednisolone, prednisolone; with the exception of topical steroids for skin disorders, inhaled steroids for respiratory disorders)
Anticholinergics (e.g., scopolamine)
Antihistamines (e.g., cyclizine, hydroxyzine, diphenhydramine)
Domperidone
Cannabinoids
Mirtazapine
Olanzapine
The patient has taken/received strong or moderate inhibitors of CYP3A4 within seven (7) days prior to administration of study drugs (see Section 10.3.1., "Inhibitors of CYP3A4")
The patient has taken/received inducers of CYP3A4 within thirty (30) days prior to the administration of study drugs (see Section 10.3.2., "Inducers of CYP3A4")
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