Last updated on June 2019

Randomized Controlled Trial of Endovascular Therapy for Acute Large Vessel Occlusion With Large Ischemic Core


Brief description of study

RESCUE-Japan LIMIT(Recovery by Endovascular Salvage for Cerebral Ultra-acute Embolism Japan Large IscheMIc core Trial) is a prospective, open label, blinded endpoint (PROBE), Japanese, two-arm, randomized, controlled, post-market study to compare the effectiveness of endovascular treatment as compared to best medical treatment alone in the acute ischemic stroke patients with an low ASPECTS (CT-ASPECTS 3-5 or DWI-ASPECTS 3-5).

The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy of endovascular treatment for acute large vessel occlusion with large ischemic core (CT-ASPECT score 3-5 or DWI-ASPECT score 3-5).

Detailed Study Description

In the American Heart Association guideline 2018, endovascular therapy (EVT) has been strongly recommended as class of recommendation (COR) I for for the patients with acute cerebral large vessel occlusion (LVO), the Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) 6 or more. The efficacy of EVT for the patients with low ASPECTS remains unclear.

This study is a prospective, open label, blinded endpoint (PROBE), Japanese, two-arm, randomized, controlled, post-market study to compare the effectiveness of endovascular treatment as compared to best medical treatment alone for acute large vessel occlusion patients with large ischemic core (ASPECTS 3-5 or DWI-ASPECTS 3-5).

Up to 200 subjects will be enrolled in the study and randomized for the Intention to treat analysis set. The randomization will be stratified by treatment institutes, patient's age (less than 75 years old or not), time from symptom onset (0-2 hours or more than 2 hours), and stroke severity (NIHSS 21 or more/less than 21), and administration of rt-PA.

Subjects who meet the inclusion criteria will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to one of the following two treatment arms: Arm 1: best medical treatment Arm 2: best medical treatment plus endovascular treatment

Primary outcome of this study is to investigate efficacy of endivascular treatment in acute stroke patients with large ischemic core (ASPECTS 3-5 or DWI-ASPECTs 3-5) as compared to best medical treatment alone.

Approximately 40 sites in Japan Patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) based on focal occlusion in the M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery (MCA), and/or the intracranial segment of the distal internal carotid artery (ICA), determined by Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) or Computed Tomographic Angiography (CTA), and who meet all eligibility criteria will be considered for study enrollment.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03702413

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Hyogo collage of Medicine

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