Last updated on July 2020

IMRT-TMI With Fludarabine as Myeloablative Conditioning for Allogeneic HSCT

Brief description of study

This is a phase I/II clinical trial on the use of total marrow irradiation (TMI) given concurrently with fludarabine, a chemotherapy drug commonly used to treat leukemia, as a myeloablative therapy for patients undergoing Allo-HSCT. TMI is a targeted technique to deliver radiation to the bone marrow while minimizing dose to other normal organs in the body. In phase I of the clinical study, the dose of radiation to the bone marrow will be incrementally increased to determine the highest tolerated TMI dose. In phase II, the effectiveness of the TMI-fludarabine conditioning regimen utilizing that dose of radiation will be studied. Acute and long-term toxicity data as well as quality of life data will also be studied.

Detailed Study Description

This is a phase I/II clinical trial to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of intensity modulated radiation therapy based total marrow irradiation (TMI) concurrent with fludarabine as a myeloablative conditioning regimen for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Allo-HSCT), as well as to determine the efficacy of the regimen in patients with high-risk and relapsed or refractory leukemia and myelodysplasia. TMI, which allows for conformal dosing of target bone marrow tissue while giving lower doses to organs at risk, is considered by many to be a superior alternative to conventional total body irradiation (TBI)

Primary Objectives:

Phase I:

Determine the MTD of TMI given concurrently with fludarabine (fixed at 150 mg/m2) as a conditioning regimen for Allo-HSCT for patients with high risk (relapsed/refractory) acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML).

Phase II:

Single-arm exploratory study to expand the cohort at the MTD level to estimate 1- year overall survival (OS), with the objective of increasing the OS from the historical rate of 30% (null hypothesis ) to 50% (alternate hypothesis) with 80% power and a one-sided type I error of 0.05.

Secondary Objectives

  1. Describe the extramedullary toxicity and the incidence of complications, including mucositis, acute and chronic graft versus host disease (GvHD), sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS), and pneumonitis.
  2. Describe the time to engraftment of neutrophils and platelets
  3. Describe the disease response rate at day 30 after transplantation
  4. Describe the overall survival and disease-free survival
  5. Describe the cumulative incidence of relapse and non-relapse mortality
  6. Determine the correlation between plasma/serum markers and radiation induced acute and long term toxicities.
  7. Describe the quality of life metrics of participating subjects

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03696537

Recruitment Status: Closed

Brief Description Eligibility Contact Research Team

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