Study of CAR-T Cells Expressing CD30 and CCR4 for r/r CD30+ HL and CTCL

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Sep 30, 2041
  • participants needed
    59
  • sponsor
    UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Updated on 16 July 2021
cancer
bacterial infection
stem cell transplantation
fludarabine
lymphoma
hodgkin's disease
treatment regimen
autologous transplant
anthracyclines
toxic substances
immunohistochemistry
tumor cells
primary cancer
autograft
diffuse large b-cell lymphoma
b-cell lymphoma
immunoglobulin
anthracycline
brentuximab vedotin
mycosis fungoides
sezary syndrome
lymphoproliferative disorder
anaplastic large cell lymphoma
large cell lymphoma
bendamustine
brentuximab
mycosis
lymphoma cells
activated t cells
expression by immunohistochemistry
cutaneous t-cell lymphoma
recurrent lymphoma
primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma

Summary

The body has different ways of fighting infection and disease. No single way is perfect for fighting cancer. This research study combines two different ways of fighting disease: antibodies and T cells. Antibodies are proteins that protect the body from disease caused by bacteria or toxic substances. Antibodies work by binding bacteria or substances, which stops them from growing and causing bad effects. T cells, also called T lymphocytes, are special infection-fighting blood cells that can kill other cells, including tumor cells or cells that are infected with bacteria or viruses. Both antibodies and T cells have been used to treat patients with cancers. They both have shown promise, but neither alone has been sufficient to treat cancer. This study will combine both T cells and antibodies in order to create a more effective treatment called Autologous T Lymphocyte Chimeric Antigen Receptor cells targeted against the CD30 antigen (ATLCAR.CD30). Another treatment being tested includes the Autologous T Lymphocyte Chimeric Antigen Receptor cells targeted against the CD30 antigen with CCR4 (ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4) to help the cells move to regions in the patient's body where the cancer is present. Participants in this study will receive either ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 cells alone or will receive ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 cells combined with ATLCAR.CD30 cells.

Previous studies have shown that a new gene can be put into T cells that will increase their ability to recognize and kill cancer cells. The new gene that is put in the T cells in this study makes an antibody called anti-CD30. This antibody sticks to lymphoma cells because of a substance on the outside of the cells called CD30. Anti-CD30 antibodies have been used to treat people with lymphoma but have not been strong enough to cure most patients. For this study, the anti-CD30 antibody has been changed so instead of floating free in the blood it is now joined to the T cells. When an antibody is joined to a T cell in this way it is called a chimeric receptor. These CD30 chimeric (combination) receptor-activated T cells (ATLCAR.CD30) can kill some of the tumor, but they do not last very long in the body and so their chances of fighting the cancer are unknown.

Researchers are working to identify ways to improve the ability of ATLCAR.CD30 to destroy tumor cells. T cells naturally produce a protein called CCR4 which functions as a navigation system directing T cells toward tumor cells specifically. In this study, researchers will also genetically modify ATLCAR.CD30 cells to produce more CCR4 proteins and they will be called ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4. The study team believes that the ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 cells will be guided directly toward the tumor cells based on their navigation system. In addition, the study team believes the majority of ATLCAR.CD30 cells will also be guided directly toward tumor cells when given together with ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4, increasing their anti-cancer fighting ability.

This is the first time ATLCAR>CD30.CCR4 cells or combination of ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 and ATLCAR.CD30 cells are used to treat lymphoma. The purpose of this study to determine the

following
  • What is the safe dose of ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 cells to give to patients
  • What is the safe dose of the combination of ATLCAR.CD30 and ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 cells to give to patients

Description

This study is a single center, open-label Phase I clinical trial designed to determine the safety of escalating doses of autologous activated T lymphocytes (ATLs) co-expressing the chimeric antigen receptor specific for the CD30 antigen and the CCR4 chemokine receptor (ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4) in subjects with relapsed/refractory CD30+ Hodgkin (HL) and cutaneous T Cell Lymphoma (CTCL). Subjects with grey zone lymphoma will also be eligible to enroll on this protocol; the characteristics of grey zone lymphoma are very similar to HL and therefore will be referred to collectively throughout the protocol under the general term of HL. Subjects will receive either ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 or the ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 product in combination with an ATL product encoding only the CAR.CD30 (ATLCAR.CD30). The dose for ATLCAR.CD30 will be fixed at the highest dose level as this product has been shown to be safe in phase I trials with and without lymphodepletion. Six total dose levels of ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 with or without ATLCAR.CD30 will be tested. Prior to receiving the infusions, subjects will undergo lymphodepletion with bendamustine and fludarabine, The 3+3 design will be used for estimating the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 in combination with ATLCAR.CD30. Any dose level may be expanded to 4-9 subjects to explore adverse events (AEs) of special interest prior to moving to the next dose level. If due to the expansion 1/3 of the total number of subject on that dose level experiences a DLT, the study would not escalate to the next highest dose level and the maximum tolerated dose would be exceeded. The final MTD will be the highest dose of ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 and ATLCAR.CD30 with observed DLT rate of less than 1/3. An expansion cohort will enroll up to 8 subjects at the MTD of ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 and ATLCAR.CD30 to further assess safety and efficacy of these cellular products. Secondary endpoints include evaluation of persistence of ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 vs. ATLCAR.CD30 in the peripheral blood, accumulation of ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 vs. ATLCAR.CD30 in tumor biopsies, and progression free survival (PFS).

LCCC1606-ATL builds on LCCC1532-ATL, a phase Ib/II trial investigating the safety and efficacy of ATLCAR.CD30 in subjects with CD30+ lymphoma.

OUTLINE

Cell Procurement

Up to 300 mL total of peripheral blood will be obtained (in up to 3 collections) from subjects for cell procurement. Up to 300 mL total of peripheral blood will be obtained (in up to 3 collections) from subjects for cell procurement. Additionally, leukapheresis may be performed to isolate sufficient cells in subjects with a low absolute lymphocyte count or who had inadequate peripheral blood collection. The parameters for apheresis will be up to 2 blood volumes. Collected peripheral blood may be used for generation of CAR-T cells if the cells were collected on another CAR-T cell trial for which Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center is the sponsor and if the subject is eligible for procurement/screening on the LCCC 1606-ATL protocol. ATLCAR.CD30 cells manufactured for a different protocol may be used for LCCC 1606-ATL, if they fit specifications for the protocol and the patient qualifies for the protocol.

Lymphodepletion Regimen

In order to receive lymphodepletion and CAR-T cells, subjects must still have evidence of active disease.

All subjects will receive lymphodepletion with bendamustine 70 mg/m2 and fludarabine 30 mg/m2 for 3 days to reduce possible toxicity associated with the agent prior to administration of CAR-T cells.

NOTE: Any subject who tests positive for Hepatitis B core antibody and negative for Hepatitis B viral load during screening must initiate an anti-Hepatitis B prophylaxis regimen prior to lymphodepletion.

Bendamustine and fludarabine will be administered concomitantly for lymphodepletion (i.e., intravenous (IV) administration of bendamustine 70 mg/m2/day over 3 consecutive days and IV fludarabine 30 mg/m2/day over 3 consecutive days) prior to the first CAR-T cell infusion. Bendamustine should be administered first followed by IV administration of fludarabine.

Cell Administration

ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 with or without ATLCAR.CD30 cells will be given to eligible subjects 2-14 days (preferably 2-4 days) after lymphodepletion with fludarabine and bendamustine. The dose of cells will vary, depending on the cohort enrolled. The cells will be administered by a licensed provider (oncology nurse or physician) via intravenous injection over 1-10 minutes through either a peripheral or a central line. The expected volume will be 1-50cc. Subjects in the dose expansion part of the study who received the highest safe dose level of ATLCAR.CD30 and ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 may receive a second infusion of ATLCAR.CD30 and ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 if cells are available equal to the dose administered for the first cell infusion (or a lower dose).

Duration of Therapy

Therapy in LCCC1606-ATL involves one to two infusion(s) of ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 with or without ATLCAR.CD30 cells. Treatment with one infusion will be administered unless:

  • Subject decides to withdraw from study treatment, OR
  • General or specific changes in the subject's condition render the subject unacceptable for further treatment in the judgment of the investigator.

Duration of Follow-up

Subjects who receive a cell infusion will be followed for up to 15 years for replication competent retrovirus (RCR) evaluation or until death, whichever occurs first. Subjects who are removed from study and do not receive the cellular therapy product due to unacceptable adverse events will be followed until resolution or stabilization of the adverse event. Subjects who have progressive disease or initiate another cancer therapy after receiving a cell infusion(s) will still be required to complete abbreviated follow up procedures.

Details
Condition Lymphomatoid Papulosis, Mycosis Fungoides, Disorder of immune system, Lymphoma, Cancer, Sezary Syndrome, Lymphadenopathy, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, Lymphoproliferative Disorder, Lymphoma, T-Cell Lymphoma, Immunoproliferative disease, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Cancer/Tumors, Gray Zone Lymphoma, Ewing's Family Tumors, Sézary Syndrome, Cutaneous Lymphoma, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Cancer (Pediatric), Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Neoplasms, Lymphoproliferative disorders, Sézary Syndrome, Cutaneous Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, lymphoproliferative disease, lymphomas, immune disorder, immune disorders, immunologic disease, immune dysfunction, immune disease, immun, lymphatic disorders, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome, Sézary Syndrome
Treatment Fludarabine, Bendamustine, ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 cells, ALTCAR.CD30 cells
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03602157
SponsorUNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Last Modified on16 July 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Unless otherwise noted, subjects must meet all of the following criteria to participate in this study
Written informed consent and HIPAA authorization for release of personal health information. Subjects or their Legally Authorized Representative must sign a consent to undergo cell procurement. Written informed consent to enroll in the CAR T-cell therapy trial must be obtained prior to lymphodepletion
Adults 18 years of age
Subjects must have one of the following diagnoses by WHO criteria
Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma
Mycosis fungoides
Sezary syndrome
Primary cutaneous CD30 positive T cell lymphoproliferative disorder including lymphomatoid papulosis or primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma
B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between DLBCL and classic Hodgkin Lymphoma (Grey Zone Lymphoma)
Diagnosis of recurrent lymphoma in subjects who have failed 2 prior treatment regimens
These prior treatment regimens must include brentuximab vedotin
If the subject has Hodgkin Lymphoma, the subject must have either failed autologous transplant or must not be eligible for autologous transplant
If the subject has grey zone lymphoma, the subject must have failed an anthracycline containing regimen unless the subject was not previously a candidate for anthracycline
Subjects relapsed after autologous or allogeneic stem cell transplant are eligible for this study
CD30+ disease (result can be pending at the time of cell procurement, but must be confirmed prior to treatment with ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 and ATLCAR.CD30 cells); NOTE: CD30+ disease requires documented CD30 expression by immunohistochemistry based on the institutional hematopathology standard
Karnofsky score of > 60%
For Subjects in the Expansion Cohort: Willing to undergo biopsy following the cell infusion. A biopsy may be required (i.e., considered mandatory) in subjects receiving both cellular products if the Investigator determines the tumor site is easily accessible (e.g., palpable tumor). If the Investigator feels that the biopsy would be difficult to obtain or poses a high degree of risk to the subject, it may be deferred
Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study, and for 6 months after the study is concluded. WOCBP are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year. The two birth control methods can be composed of: two barrier methods or a barrier method plus a hormonal method to prevent pregnancy. WOCBP subjects will also be instructed to tell their male partners to use a condom

Exclusion Criteria

Subjects meeting any of the following exclusion criteria will not be able to participate in this study
Pregnant or lactating
Tumor in a location where enlargement could cause airway obstruction
Current use of systemic corticosteroids at doses 10mg prednisone daily or its equivalent; those receiving <10mg daily may be enrolled at discretion of the Investigator
Active infection with HIV, HTLV, HCV (can be pending at the time of cell procurement; only those samples confirming lack of active infection will be used to generate transduced cells) defined as not being well controlled on therapy. Subjects are required to have negative HIV antibody, negative HTLV1 and 2 antibody, and negative HCV antibody or viral load
Active infection with HBV. Subjects are required to have a negative Hepatitis B surface Antigen. In addition, subjects must either have core antibody negative HBV (results can be pending at the time of cell procurement) OR if a subject is Hepatitis B core antibody positive they must have their Hepatitis B viral load checked. These subjects will be excluded if their viral load is positive at baseline. Subjects who are core antibody positive and viral load negative at baseline will be considered eligible
Has a known additional malignancy that is active and/or progressive requiring treatment; exceptions include basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical or bladder cancer, or other cancer for which the subject has been disease-free for at least three years
A history of intolerance to fludarabine. Subjects with an intolerance to bendamustine may be allowed to enroll at the discretion of the clinical investigator if he/she thinks that the subject is a candidate for lymphodepletion with cyclophosphamide and fludarabine
Subject is not a good candidate for treatment with ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 with and without ATLCAR.CD30 per Investigator's discretion
Eligibility criteria to be met prior to procurement
Evidence of adequate organ function as defined by
The following is required prior to procurement
Hgb 8.0g/dL (transfusion independent for 2 weeks prior to enrollment)
Bilirubin 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN). Subjects with Gilbert's syndrome may be enrolled despite a total bilirubin level >1.5 mg/dL if their conjugated bilirubin is <1.5 ULN
AST 3 times ULN
Serum creatinine 1.5 times ULN
Creatinine Clearance (CrCl) >60mL/min per Cockcroft and Gault
Pulse oximetry of >90% on room air
Imaging results from within 120 days prior to procurement to assess presence of active disease (no tumor imaging is required prior to procurement for participants with active cutaneous lymphoma)
Negative serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to procurement or documentation that the subject is post-menopausal. Post-menopausal status must be confirmed with documentation of absence of menses for > 1 year, or documentation of surgical menopause involving bilateral oophorectomy
Subject has no clinical indication of rapidly progressing disease in opinion of treating physician
Subject has adequate cardiac function, defined as
No ECG evidence of acute ischemia
No ECG evidence of active, clinically significant conduction system abnormalities
Prior to study entry, any ECG abnormality at screening not felt to put the subject at risk has to be documented by the Investigator as not medically significant
No uncontrolled angina or severe ventricular arrhythmias
No clinically significant pericardial disease
No history of myocardial infarction within the last 6 months prior to infusion
No Class 3 or higher New York Heart Association Congestive Heart Failure
Eligibility criteria to be met prior to lymphodepletion
Presence of active disease. Imaging results from within 7 days prior to lymphodepletion to confirm presence of active disease. Subjects who have received bridging chemotherapy must have imaging performed at least 3 weeks after most recent therapy (imaging does not need to be repeated if it is within 7 days prior to lymphodepletion)
Evidence of adequate organ function as defined by
The following are required prior to lymphodepletion
Adequate bone marrow function (ANC>1000 cells/mm3 and platelets >75,000/mm3). Subjects cannot have received platelet transfusion within 7 days of lymphodepletion
Bilirubin 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN). Subjects with Gilbert's syndrome may be enrolled despite a total bilirubin level >1.5 mg/dL if their conjugated bilirubin is <1.5 ULN)
AST 3 times ULN
Serum creatinine 1.5 times ULN
Creatinine Clearance (CrCl) >60mL/min per Cockcroft and Gault
Pulse oximetry of > 90% on room air
Negative serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to lymphodepletion or documentation that the subject is post-menopausal. Post-menopausal status must be confirmed with documentation of absence of menses for > 1 year or documentation of surgical menopause involving bilateral oophorectomy
Subjects must have autologous transduced activated T-cells that meet the Certificate of Analysis (CofA) acceptance criteria
Has not received any investigational agents or received any tumor vaccines within the previous six weeks prior to lymphodepletion
Has not received anti-CD30 antibody-based therapy within the previous 4 weeks prior to lymphodepletion
Has not received chemotherapy or radiation therapy within the previous 3 weeks prior to lymphodepletion
Subjects cannot be on strong inhibitors of CYP1A2 (e.g., fluvoxamine
ciprofloxacin) as these may increase plasma concentrations of bendamustine
and decrease plasma concentrations of its metabolites. See
<http://medicine.iupui.edu/clinpharm/ddis/> for an updated list of strong
inhibitors of CYP1A2. (This applies to subjects who receive bendamustine for
lymphodepletion (required) up through 72 hours after the last dose of
bendamustine)
Subjects who are HBV core antibody positive and HBV viral load negative prior to lymphodepletion must have initiated anti-HBV prophylaxis prior to lymphodepletion
Subject has no clinical indication of rapidly progressing disease in the opinion of the treating physician
Subject is a good candidate for treatment with ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 with and without ATLCAR.CD30 per the investigator's discretion
Eligibility criteria to be met prior to cell infusion after lymphodepletion
No evidence of uncontrolled infection or sepsis
Evidence of adequate organ function as defined by
Bilirubin 2 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) unless attributed to Gilbert's syndrome
AST 3 times ULN
ALT 3 times ULN
Creatinine Clearance (CrCl) >60mL/min per Cockcroft and Gault
Pulse oximetry of >90% on room air
Subject has no clinical indication of rapidly progressing disease in the opinion of the treating physician
Subject is a good candidate for treatment with ATLCAR.CD30.CCR4 with and without ATLCAR.CD30 per the investigator's discretion
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