Last updated on January 2020

Strategies to Prevent Transcatheter Heart Valve Dysfunction in Low Risk Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

Brief description of study

100 subjects in the each of the treatment arms of the study (total 200 treatment arm subjects) and up to 100 subjects in the registry arm of the study.

Detailed Study Description

This study aims to examine the optimal anticoagulation/antiplatelet regimen in low risk patients undergoing TAVR. The prospective randomized controlled arm of this study will assess the utility of short-term oral anticoagulation with warfarin compared to antiplatelet therapy alone after TAVR in low risk patients to reduce the incidence of structural valve deterioration manifest as clinical events, increased aortic valve gradients or transvalvular regurgitation, or subclinical leaflet thrombosis. Low risk subjects with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis will be enrolled to undergo TAVR. Following TAVR, subjects will be randomized to receive warfarin plus low dose Aspirin or low dose Aspirin monotherapy for 30-45 days. Subjects with other indications for anticoagulation (e.g. AF, DVT or PE) will not be randomized and instead will be followed in a separate registry arm. Baseline demographic, clinical, non-invasive imaging (echocardiography and CT), TAVR procedural details, clinical follow up data will be prospectively collected for all subjects. Echocardiography and contrast-enhanced 4D cardiac CT will be performed in all subjects between 30-45 days after TAVR to evaluate for evidence of structural valve deterioration.

This multicenter prospective randomized study will enroll 200 consecutive low risk subjects with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis into the treatment arms of the study. Up to 100 additional subjects with a pre-existing indication for anticoagulation (e.g. atrial fibrillation, deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism) or who are not eligible for randomization after TAVR due to development of a new indication for anticoagulation will be enrolled into the registry arm of the study.

Inclusion of this registry arm will ensure that the secondary objective pooled analysis of patient level data from this study and the Low Risk TAVR (LRT) study, truly represents an all-comers cohort of low risk patients undergoing TAVR, and does not exclude a significant subgroup.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03557242

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Henrico Doctors' Hospital

Richmond, VA United States
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