Nitric Oxide During Bypass for Arterial Switch Operation

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2021
  • participants needed
    800
  • sponsor
    Warwick Butt
Updated on 26 January 2021

Summary

This trial will test if adding nitric oxide (NO) gas to the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit in infants undergoing an arterial switch operation (ASO) for Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA) changes the incidence of major postoperative adverse events (AEs).

Major postoperative AEs include cardiac arrest, emergency chest opening, use of ECMO (machine that acts as an artificial heart and lung during surgery), and death.

Participants will be randomised to receive oxygen plus nitric oxide (intervention arm) or oxygen without nitric oxide (control arm) during CPB.

Description

The incidence of congenital heart disease (CHD) is approximately 1/100 live born children, of which up to 50% require cardiac surgery to correct the underlying abnormality at some stage during their life. (Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, USA). Despite major improvements in CPB devices, the exposure of host blood to large artificial organ surfaces, combined with myocardial injury during planned myocardial ischemia, results in a significant systemic inflammatory response. CPB-triggered systemic inflammatory syndrome is responsible for the most serious and potentially life-threatening side effects associated with cardiac surgery. It is characterized by endotoxin release, leukocyte and complement activation, and widespread activation of inflammatory mediators, resulting in endothelial leak, increased oxygen consumption, and organ dysfunction.

NO is an endogenous anti-inflammatory mediator that helps to protect endothelial beds and immunologically active cells. NO has a myocardial protective effect by reducing reperfusion injury. NO generation is essential for regulation of endothelial function and microvascular inflammation. However, dysregulation of endogenous NO during CPB may aggravate the subsequent inflammatory response.

A randomized controlled study adding NO into the bypass circuit was conducted by the Royal Children's Hospital in Melbourne on 198 children. This pilot study confirmed the positive effects of gaseous NO reported in the U.S. trial, as well as a reduction in the incidence of low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS). Other improved patient outcomes included a reduced need for extracorporeal life support (ECLS), trends towards a reduced length of stay, and shorter duration of ventilation. In light of these promising preliminary results from these two separate studies, a large multicentre trial to test these findings in children requiring cardiac surgery is needed.

The NASO study is running concurrently with the Nitric Oxide during Cardio Pulmonary Bypass during surgery for congenital heart defects: A Randomised Controlled Trial study (ANZCTR Trial Registry ID: ACTRN12617000821392) within Australia (run by Lady Cilento, Brisbane). This study is aiming to look at the effects of Nitric Oxide on all children under the age of 2 years undergoing bypass surgery for CHD.

TGA presents in 5-7% of all patients with congenital heart disease and isolated TGA is managed in a similar manner all over the world. The surgical treatment for this is the ASO. Hence this single operation and diagnosis provides an appropriate setting to evaluate the efficacy of NO in the CPB circuit. By allowing each centre to have their own protocols of care (pre, intra and postoperatively) and only collecting 'routine clinical data", the investigators anticipate each centre having high rates of screening and consent.

Patients will be stratified by centre and by age at time of surgery. Participants will be randomized into one of two arms:

  • Intervention arm will receive NO 20 parts per million (ppm) into the oxygenator of a cardio-pulmonary bypass circuit
  • Control arm will not receive NO

At the end of CPB, the participants will return to the Intensive Care Unit where normal care will continue.

A total of 800 participants will be enrolled in the study and will be stratified by centre and age at time of surgery.

Study aims to investigate whether exposure to gaseous NO reduces the incidence of postoperative major adverse events in infants on cardiopulmonary bypass.

Details
Condition Decreased cardiac output, Heart disease, Congenital Heart Defect, Transposition of Great Vessels, Congenital Heart Disease, Heart Defect, Cardiac Disease, low cardiac output syndrome, transposition of the great arteries, transposition of great arteries, transposition of the great vessels
Treatment Nitric Oxide
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03661385
SponsorWarwick Butt
Last Modified on26 January 2021

Eligibility

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a site
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar
Name

Primary Contact

site
Name

Phone Email

0/250
Please verify that you are not a bot.

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note