Last updated on September 2018

Study of the Outcome of Patients With Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome Receiving Iron Chelation Therapy After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Brief description of study

Iron chelation, mostly associated with multiple red blood cell transfusion, is relatively common in patients with hematological malignancies receiving allo-HSCT.

This multicenter prospective observational study is designed to establish the impact of iron chelation on relapse after allo-HSCT in patients with acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. The investigators will compare the results obtained in the prospective study to those observed in a historical retrospective cohort of paired patients who did not receive chelation. Given our clinical experience and literature results, the investigators will evaluate the Exjade chelator. Although not demonstrated, the presence of mutations of the HFE gene could play an indirect role on leukemogenesis by promoting overload. It is therefore important to evaluate the status in this patient population.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03659084

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Recruitment Status: Open

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