Last updated on September 2018

Hearing Aid Impact on Chronic Tinnitus Patients Evaluated by Resting State PET.

Brief description of study

Using resting state positron emission tomography (PET), our goal was to analyze the metabolic and functional neural changes that occur after 6 months of effective hearing aid (HA) use. Besides, we correlate those changes with behavioral results. Patients with chronic tinnitus and untreated sensorineural hearing loss were tested pre-HA fitting, and at 6 months post-HA fitting.

Detailed Study Description

Subjects are selected as they are enrolled in the Tinnitus Research Group between January 2014 and September 2018. The study was approved by the local medical ethics committee for research at the Medical School of University of So Paulo - protocol number 611.174 in April, 2014.

All the procedures were performed after medical evaluation and a complete tinnitus evaluation protocol, which included somatosensory assessment, self-related questionnaires for tinnitus and hearing: Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults (HHIA), and , for anxiety and depression symptoms: Generalized Anxiety Depression Scale (GAD-7) and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), and for neck pain (Neck Disability Index, NDI). The subjects of this study were also blood tested for pregnancy and diabetes, which may interfere on fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography PET acquisition.

All subjects underwent hearing and tinnitus evaluation, counseling and hearing aid fitting.

To prescribe and verify acoustic response, we used the HA fitting protocol recommended by the National Acoustics Laboratories (NAL), named NAL NL-2 (NL-non linear) FDG-PET measurements were obtained at baseline (prior to HA fitting) and after 6 months of HA use.

Regarding FDG-PET images, a within-subject analysis was performed by comparing pre-treatment and post-treatment group using paired-t-tests.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03657615

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