Venous Sinus Stenting With the River Stent in IIH

  • End date
    Dec 3, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Serenity Medical, Inc.
Updated on 3 February 2021


The objective of the study is to show that stenting the transverse-sigmoid sinus with the River stent is safe and has probable benefit to relieve clinical symptoms in subjects with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH).

The study will enroll 39 IIH subjects with moderate to severe visual field loss or severe headaches that have failed medical therapy.

The primary safety endpoint is the rate of major adverse event at 12 months The primary probable benefit endpoint is a composite at 12 months of absence of significant sinus stenosis and clinically relevant improvement.


Study objective: The objective of the study is to show that stenting the transverse-sigmoid sinus with the River stent is safe and has probable benefit to relieve clinical symptoms in subjects with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)

Investigational product: Serenity River Stent System

Study design: prospective, multicenter, single arm, open label clinical trial

Subject population: IIH subjects with significant (>50%) stenosis of the transverse-sigmoid sinuses and moderate to severe visual field loss or severe headaches that have failed medical therapy. In the absence of this trial, subjects would have been offered a surgical treatment of IIH such as sinus stenting with an off-label device, cerebrospinal fluid shunting, or optic nerve sheath fenestration by the treating physician.

  • For subjects with visual field loss: if moderate to severe visual field loss (mean deviation between -6db and -30 db) for at least 2 weeks despite escalation of acetazolamide to 1000 mg twice a day or if the visual field deteriorates by more than 2 db during treatment, or treatment intolerance.
  • For subjects with headaches: if they have severe headaches (HIT > 59) for at least 4 weeks despite treatment with topiramate 100 mg twice a day or other headache medication, or treatment intolerance.

Enrollment size and sites: 39 subjects will be enrolled in up to 10 US sites.

Primary safety endpoint: Major Adverse Event at 12 months. The MAE is a composite of the following: moderate or severe stroke (NIHSS > 3), neurological death, perforation or thrombosis of sinus or cerebral vein, device distal embolization, need for target lesion revascularization or need for alternate IIH surgical procedure such as cerebrospinal fluid shunting or optic nerve sheath fenestration.

Primary probable benefit endpoint: a composite at 12 months of:

  • Absence of significant (>50%) stenosis of the stented sinus on retrograde catheter venography and
  • Trans-stent pressure gradient < 8 mm Hg and
  • Clinically relevant improvement in the main clinical outcome per specific inclusion criteria and stabilization or better of the other:
  • Headaches: if the specific inclusion criteria was headaches, improvement in the HIT- 6 scale by > 4 points and improvement or stabilization of visual field.
  • Ophthalmic: if the specific inclusion criteria was visual field loss, improvement of visual field by > 29% of the baseline value in the study eye, stabilization or improvement in the fellow eye, and improvement or stabilization of headaches.

Study duration and follow-up: The subjects will be followed at 2 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months. At 12 months, clinical examination, lumbar puncture and retrograde catheter venography with manometry will be performed to evaluate the patency of the treated sinus and the absence of trans-stent pressure gradient. Subjects will be consented to be clinically followed annually for up to 5 years.

Condition Pseudotumor Cerebri
Treatment Venous sinus stenting (Serenity River)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03556085
SponsorSerenity Medical, Inc.
Last Modified on3 February 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Subjects must meet all of the following criteria to be eligible for
participation in the
Subject is > 18 year-old and has given informed consent
Diagnosis of IIH per Modified Dandy Criteria
CSF opening pressure is > 25 cm H2O
Radiological examination (magnetic resonance venography (MRV) or computed tomographic venography (CTV)) shows bilateral transverse-sigmoid venous sinus stenosis (> 50%) or unilateral stenosis of the dominant sinus with contralateral hypoplastic sinus
Presence of IIH clinical symptoms (6. OR 7.)
Headaches: Score > 59 (severe impact) on the HIT-6 scale, refractory to medical therapy (e.g. acetazolamide 1000 mg twice daily, topiramate 100 mg twice daily, or other headache medication) for 4 weeks, or treatment intolerance OR
Visual field loss: defined by perimetric mean deviation (PMD) between -6 dB and -30 dB in one or both eyes (with papilledema Grade >1) despite at least 2 weeks of medical therapy with acetazolamide 1000 mg twice daily, or if the visual field deteriorates by more than 2 dB during treatment, or treatment intolerance
In the absence of this study, the subject would have been offered a surgical intervention by Optic Nerve Sheath Fenestration (ONSF), Cerebro Spinal Fluid (CSF) shunting procedure, or venous sinus stenting with an off-label device
Catheter manometry shows a pressure gradient > 8 mm Hg across the transverse sigmoid sinus stenosis
Venographic evidence of sinus stenosis (> 50%)

Exclusion Criteria

Subject must be excluded from participation in this study if any of the
following criteria are met
Subjects presenting with de novo papilledema and severe visual field(VF) deficit (VF loss > -15db) that requires immediate surgical treatment without prior attempt of medical therapy
Currently has or plans to have an implanted CSF shunt
History of previously implanted intra-cranial sinus stent
Transverse-sigmoid sinus vessel size <5 mm or >10 mm
Creatinine > 1.5 mg/dl and/or creatinine clearance < 60 mL/min (except if patients is already on hemodialysis)
Allergic to imaging contrast media (iodine or gadolinium) despite premedication
Allergic to nitinol or nickel
Contra-indication to general anesthesia
Contra-indication to aspirin, clopidogrel or other anticoagulant
Hypercoagulable state (Factor V Leiden, Protein C or S deficiency, Anticardiolipin antibodies, Lupus anticoagulant, B2-glycoprotein-1 antibodies, or Hyperhomocysteinemia)
Currently requiring full anti-coagulation for other medical reasons, such as atrial fibrillation (AF), artificial valves, deep vein thrombosis pulmonary embolism, etc
History of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA)
History of AF or other risks of stroke
History of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism
History of severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or other severe respiratory disease
History of severe carotid atherosclerotic disease
History of heart failure, dilated cardiomyopathy, or congenital heart conditions, etc. that are at high thrombogenic risk
History of uncontrolled diabetes
Use (oral) of tetracycline derivative, retinoid or vitamin A during the last 3 months
Cerebral vascular lesions (arteriovenous malformation (AVM), arteriovenous fistula, aneurysms, significant stenosis of extra- or intra-cranial vessels other than the targeted venous sinus stenosis,intracranial artery dissection, etc.)
Patient has visions loss due to other disease (e.g. cataract, macular degeneration, glaucoma, etc.)
Inability to provide reliable and reproducible visual field examinations (>15% false positive errors and/or failure to maintain fixation for eye monitoring)
For female subject of child bearing potential, pregnant or not willing to use contraception for 12 months
Presence of a physical, mental or social condition that could prevent adequate one-year follow-up (homelessness, drug dependency, anticipation of moving far away, life threatening disease, terminal illness)
Anatomical anomaly of the venous sinus which would prevent safe catheterization and stenting (e.g multi-channel sinus)
Currently enrolled in a premarket investigational study. Enrollment in a post market study that does not impact the River Stent procedure or device is allowed
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