Genomic Sequencing and Personalized Treatment for Birth Defects in Neonatal Intensive Care Units

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 30, 2025
  • participants needed
    2000
  • sponsor
    Children's Hospital of Fudan University
Updated on 18 March 2021
genetic disorder
genetic testing

Summary

The purpose of study is to evaluate the benefits of using the Next Generation Sequencing Technology to diagnose birth defects and genetic diseases. The results from genomic sequencing can also significantly shorten the time of examination, improve the diagnosis rate, guide the clinical treatments. So the ultimate goal is individualized or personalized therapy and promote prognosis.

Description

Neonatal congenital malformation is one of the most frequent cause of infant death in the western world and major cities of China. There are many different types of congenital malformations, and some of these can be caused by changes in gene mutation. Next generation sequencing (NGS) is a high-throughput parallel sequencing that can provide genetic information with high accuracy. It is a faster and cost-effective method to detect gene mutations compared to Sanger sequencing. We hope to couple genomic techniques with more traditional methods involved in genetic discovery in order to investigate a broad range of conditions for which there is strong evidence that genetic factors are involved. So In this study, we evaluated the clinical role of NGS testing for neonatal genetic disease in newborns compared to Sanger sequencing to observe whether this new technology can significantly shorten the time of examination, improve the diagnosis rate, guide the intervention treatments and promote prognosis.

These neonates who have an undiagnosed illness, and partial families, will be eligible to participate in the study. The study population will be recruited from Children's Hospital of Fudan University inpatient population, primarily the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), with a subpopulation presenting to other hospitals in China. All affected study participants will receive a genetic screening according to their clinical symptom. All subjects will have blood drawn for DNA isolation and genomic sequencing at the time of enrollment in the study. All blood sample volumes will adhere to the Fudan procedure on maximum blood in pediatric patients. In addition, cerebrospinal fluid and tissue samples may be collected and stored in the bank of biosamples. DNA will be isolated and prepared for NGS or Sanger with Fudan protocols at the Translational Medicine Center of Children's Hospital of Fudan University. Partial familial samples will also be obtained, and nucleic acids will also be sequenced, as indicated, to assist in diagnosis of the genetic disease in the newborn. All sequencing data will be stored in the Genome Center Biorepository. In the case of positive study findings that may be diagnostic, our investigator will perform confirmatory clinical diagnostic testing and, if confirmed, a standard clinical diagnostic report will be placed in the patient's medical record. Follow up with the patient's family will be guided by the clinical care team. Both molecular diagnoses results and duration to diagnosis will be recorded as primary outcomes.

In addition, this information will help alleviate anxiety on the part of the family, and also provides a mechanism for patient crossover into the rapid NGS arm if the patient is clinically deteriorating, and at the clinical care team's request. Each time a study participant is enrolled, the clinician and parents will be asked to fill out a survey prior to NGS testing and after return of results. We will also review the patient's medical record and collect clinical variables including laboratory testing, radiology results, medications and other treatments received to further analyze the effect NGS has on clinical care. So the ultimate goal is individualized or personalized therapy. We plan to follow up with families annually up to 18 months post enrollment and record clinical outcomes related to this study.

Details
Condition Hereditary Disease, CONGENITAL ANOMALY NOS, Growth Hormone Deficiencies/Abnormalities, Female Hormonal Deficiencies/Abnormalities, Male Hormonal Deficiencies/Abnormalities, Multiple Malformation, Genetic Syndrome, Birth Defects, genetic disorder, genetic syndromes, genetic disorders, genetic disease, hereditary disorders, inherited disease, hereditary diseases, genetic condition
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02551081
SponsorChildren's Hospital of Fudan University
Last Modified on18 March 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

One of the following criteria required
Neonates admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Units in one of the study hospitals
Clinical genetic testing or a genetic consult is ordered
Subject has one major structural anomaly or three or more minor anomalies
Abnormal laboratory testing suggestive of a genetic disease
Abnormal response to standard therapy for a major underlying condition

Exclusion Criteria

Previously performed exome/genome sequencing on patient
Any infant in which clinical considerations preclude drawing 1.0 ml of blood
Has features pathognomonic for a large chromosomal aberration (Trisomy 13, 18, 21 or other)
Parents are unwilling to have genomic reports placed in the medical record or sent to their primary care pediatrician
Parents refuse consent
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a site
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar
Name

Primary Contact

site
Name

Phone Email

0/250
Preferred Language
Other Language
Please verify that you are not a bot.

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note