AKI Cardiosurgery Diagnostic Study (AKI-CDS)

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  • sponsor
    University of Rostock
Updated on 24 January 2021
renal injury
renal replacement
replacement therapy
heart surgery
extracorporeal circulation


Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and major complication of cardiac surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of a fragment of proencephalin in plasma and other biomarkers as specific markers for early diagnosis of AKI and the need of renal replacement therapy after cardiac surgery.


Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an abrupt loss of kidney function and occurs in up to 5-40% of patients who undergo cardiac surgery; dialysis being required in approximately 2-15% of all patients. AKI is a common problem in critically ill patients and is independently from underlying diseases associated with increased morbidity and mortality (to progressive loss of kidney function, cardiovascular disease, and death). Unfortunately, chronic kidney disease is often overlooked in its earliest, most treatable stages. Implementation of novel biomarkers into the clinical practice that reliably identify patients at risk or at an early stage of AKI could offer more efficient management strategies may lead to better outcomes in critically ill patients.

Kidney disease usually progresses silently, often destroying most of the kidney function before causing any symptoms. AKI was defined using the Kidney Disease Improvement Global Outcome (KDIGO) definition. The standard key tests (increase of serum creatinine and urine output) are late parameters after significant kidney injury.

In this study 20 female and 20 male adult patients before and after cardiac surgery should be included. From all patients basic demographic data, pre-morbidity, vital parameters, blood parameters, urine output, Illness severity scores (APACHE-II, SOFA, GCS), drug levels, microbiological results will be recorded. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of a fragment of proencephalin in plasma "penKID", Spingotec GmbH, Berlin, Germany) and other biomarkers (ADM: adrenomedulin, CAAP: C-terminal alpha-1 antitrypsin peptide) as specific markers for early diagnosis of AKI and the need of renal replacement therapy. Bio-ADM is a water-soluble peptide hormone with a molecular weight of about 6kDa released mainly by endothelial cells. Its biological function is the control of vasodilation, an important regulator of blood pressure and organ perfusion. This biomarker predicts and diagnoses endothelial dysfunctions. C-terminal alpha-1 antitrypsin peptide (CAAP) is a novel sepsis and renal injury biomarker with immunomodulatory function, especially in human neutrophils, which supports its role in the host response and pathophysiology of sepsis.

Condition Renal Failure, Acute renal failure, Renal Replacement Therapy, Kidney Failure (Pediatric), Kidney Failure, acute kidney injury, acute kidney injuries
Treatment Biomarker ("penKid", adrenomedulin, C-terminal alpha-1 antitrypsin peptide)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03632538
SponsorUniversity of Rostock
Last Modified on24 January 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Female or male, at least 18 years old
Ability to consent to the study by patient or legal representative
Cardiac surgery with use of extracorporeal circulation (ECC)
Bypass (> 2; ACB) or bypass + heart valve surgery
Two or three heart-valve operation

Exclusion Criteria

Dialysis-dependent patients with chronic, end-stage renal failure
Pre-existing renal replacement therapy
Infused prognosis (expected death in 12 hours despite maximal therapy)
Inability to consent of participation in the research project, of the patient or of the patients representative
Aortic surgery
(Only) partial sternotomy (eg. aortic valve surgery)
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