Pharmacokinetics of Antibiotics in Patients Undergoing Renal Replacement Therapies (RRTdose)

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  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi
Updated on 12 February 2022


The study is aiming to describe the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile of intravenous meropenem, ertapenem, cefepime, colistin, Ceftazidime/Avibactam , Ceftolozane/Tazobactam , and piperacillin/tazobactam in the plasma and determine how much is removed by Renal Replacement Therapies to ensure adequate dosing


This pharmacokinetic evaluation and clinical outcomes will be an open-label study of 12-16 adult patients/antibiotic dose/modality to a total number of 180-240 patients, admitted to the acute care levels or intensive care unit at Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi receiving RRT and prescribed these seven antibiotics as recommended by their treating physicians. The collection of blood, ultrafiltrate or effluent fluids depending on RRT modality (HD or CRRT), and urine samples will begin after participants are administered first dose to determine if a loading dose will be required then after at least three doses (as prescribed by the treating physician) once these drugs will be at steady-state concentration. The study intervention duration will depend on dialysis modality expected to be 3 to 5 days depending on RRT modality and patients will be followed for outcomes (death or cure). Collected blood, effluent and urine samples will be assayed for drug concentration. The concentration data will be modeled by a computer program to determine the pharmacokinetic parameters used to predict future dosing in the case of RRT. Linear/logistic regression will be used as a component of statistical analysis to model the relationship between CRRT machine settings and the amount of the study drugs that will be removed by the filter. Information related to adverse events , clinical and microbiological cure will be collected in case report forms.

Condition Renal Replacement Therapy
Treatment Blood Collection
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03636464
SponsorCleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi
Last Modified on12 February 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Adults > 18 year old
Prescribed meropenem, ertapenem, cefepime, colistin, Ceftazidime/Avibactam , Ceftolozane/Tazobactam , or piperacillin/tazobactam for treatment of infection as part of standard medical care
Administered meropenem, ertapenem, cefepime, colistin, Ceftazidime/Avibactam , Ceftolozane/Tazobactam ,or piperacillin/tazobactam while on renal replacement therapy (IHD or CRRT) or renal replacement therapy started while on any of these antibiotics
Patients with hemoglobin > 70 g/L without blood transfusion in the past 24 hours
Informed consent given by patient, next of kin or legally authorized representative

Exclusion Criteria

Less than 18 years of age
Pregnant females
Body mass index < 18 or > 35 kg/m2
Presence of anemia (defined as hemoglobin < 70 g/L), thrombocytopenia, or leukopenia as defined by hematocrit, platelet, or white blood cell count < 75% of the lower limit of normal
Concomitant receipt of another cephalosporin interfering with assay
Participants likely to require surgical interventions during the study period if the surgery would interfere with dosing intervals or affect sampling process
Protected patients; prisoners, patients with HIV, patients with physical or mental disabilities, psychiatric patients
Patients with documented life-threatening allergy (i.e anaphylaxis, angioedema) to any of the study drugs or their class
Patients with conditions known to significantly affect PK; (i.e. severe burn, significant ascites, spinal cord injury and cystic fibrosis)
Any other reason felt by the investigators to potentially affect the outcomes of the study
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