International Cooperative Phase III Trial of the HIT-HGG Study Group (HIT-HGG-2013) (HIT-HGG-2013)

  • End date
    Dec 31, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Göttingen
Updated on 16 June 2022
glioblastoma multiforme
malignant glioma
anaplastic astrocytoma


The HIT-HGG-2013 trial offers an innovative high-quality diagnostics and science program for children and adolescents >3 years, suffering from one of the following types of high grade

  1. glioblastoma WHO grade IV (GBM)
  2. diffuse midlineglioma histone 3 K27M mutated WHO grade IV (DMG)
  3. anaplastic astrocytoma WHO grade III (AA)
  4. diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG)
  5. gliomatosis cerebri (GC) For 1.-3. diagnosis has to be confirmed by neuropathological survey, for 4. and 5. diagnosis has to be confirmed by neuroradiological survey.

In addition to standard treatment (radiotherapy and temozolomide chemotherapy) the effect of valproic acid which is traditionally used for treatment of seizure disorder, will be investigated. The aim of the trial will be to investigate whether this drug may increase the effects of radio- and chemotherapy, resulting in a better survival of the treated patients. Scientific studies provided evidence for anti-tumoral effects of valproic acid: the drug seems to be a so-called histondeacetylase inhibitor (HDAC inhibitor), controlling important genetic processes of tumor growth.

Studies in cell culture, animals and first clinical trials in adults as well provided evidence for efficacy of valproic acid in the treatment of glioblastoma. Due to this we hope children and adolescents suffering from GBM, DMG, AA, DIPG und GC will benefit from the treatment, too.

The aim of the HIT-HGG-2013 trial will be to compare the effects of Valproic acid with data of the HIT-HGG-2007 trial (children and adolescents with same diseases, only treated with simultaneous temozolomide radiochemotherapy).

In the present study, it was originally planned to investigate the therapeutic efficiency and safety of valproic acid and the autophagy inhibitor chloroquine, both in addition to temozolomide therapy. Since distribution of Resochin junior (chloroquine phosphate) was terminated, recruitment of new patients was stopped on August 8, 2019. For continuation of the trial, the chloroquine arm was closed but the patients already recruited in this arm will be followed up.



First-line treatment of high grade gliomas, diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma, and gliomatosis cerebri in paediatric patients < 18 years of age.


Based on published preclinical and clinical results regarding the potential therapeutic benefit of adult and pediatric high grade glioma patients receiving the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor valproic acid (VPA; Barker et al. 2013; Wolff et al. 2008, 2011; Felix et al. 2011; Su et al. 2011; Rokes et al. 2010; Masoudi et al. 2008; Guthrie et al. 2013; Weller et al. 2011) in addition to radiochemotherapy, the present trial is aimed to investigate if the addition of VPA to radiochemo- and maintenance therapy with temozolomide (Stupp et al. 2005; Cohen et al. 2011a, b) provides a survival advantage in comparison to radiochemo- and maintenance therapy with temozolomide alone. Therapeutic efficiency of VPA will be evaluated by comparison with a historical patient control from the previous trial HIT-HGG-2007 with temozolomide radiochemo- and maintenance therapy alone. Besides therapeutic efficiencies as indicated by event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) treatment-related toxicities will also be analysed.


TMZ and VPA will be studied as investigational medicinal products in the present trial.

  • Trial treatment will be performed as follows: Surgery with best possible extent of tumour resection
  • Start as soon as diagnosis is confirmed with VPA 10 mg/kg/d in two daily doses preferencially as NONRETARDED FORMULA (e.g. Valproat-neuraxpharm®, Valproat-neuraxpharm® Lösung, Ergenyl®, Ergenyl®-Lösung or Orfiril® Saft; however, any VPA preparation including generic drugs is allowed; the use of a retarded formula might be helpful in some case as indicated below), increase by 10 mg/kg/d once per week up until recommended target Serum level of 75-100 μg/ml (520-694 μmol/L) is reached. If target serum levels cannot be reached with non-retarded formula and/or side effects occur which might be connected to VPA, change to a retarded formula may be helpful to obtain sufficient VPA serum levels and/or reduce side effects. If VPA target serum levels are still not reached and/or side effects occur even with a retarded VPA formula, please contact the HIT-HGG study office.

After start of VPA induction with simultaneous radiochemotherapy:

  • Fractionated, locoregional radiotherapy, total dose 54-60 Gy
  • Simultaneous chemotherapy with oral temozolomide, 7 days per week at 75 mg/m2/d, starting at day 1 for the entire period of radiotherapy (at maximum 49 days; oral temozolomide treatment may be started in single cases at maximum 7 days before radiotherapy if the 49 days treatment period still fully covers radiotherapy).
  • Please, use temozolomide capsules (for oral application) and temozolomide powder (for preparation of an intravenously applicable solution). Any temozolomide preparation including generic drugs is allowed except for patients who are not able to swallow capsules and in whom the use of an intravenous solution is no Option only Temodal® capsules must be used to generate a temozolomide suspension as described in the Appendix A.11. Parents have to be advised how to prepare the Temodal® suspension at the trial site. PLEASE NOTE: Capsules of generic temozolomide drugs other than Temodal® MUST NOT be opened and used for generating temozolomide suspension.
  • Maintenance therapy with daily VPA and temozolomide four weeks after simultaneous radiochemotherapy initiation of a 5 day-course of oral temozolomide [150-200 mg/m2/d], repeated every 28 days for in total 12 courses VPA treatment is performed until day 28 of the 12th course of temozolomide.
  • Treatment doses may vary according to available medication formulations and sizes. Thus, deviances of +/- 15% of the recommended doses may be acceptable if not stated otherwise.The starting points of treatment may also vary in single cases. Thus, deviances of +/- 7 days of the recommended time periods to start treatment may be acceptable if not stated otherwise.

Primary end point : Event-free survival

Biometry (regarding the primary objectives):

  1. Confirmatory statistical design:
  2. Difference between the treatment with additional VPA and the historic sample from the HIT-HGG-2007 study with respect to EFS. Rejection of H0 will be interpreted as a significant difference between VPA treatment and the historic sample. A directional interpretation will detect either a superiority of the VPA-treatment compared to the historic sample, or a superiority of the historic sample compared to the VPA Treatment sample.

Statistical tests: adaptive Log-rank test / (conventional) Log-rank test

Multiple Significance level α(overall) = 5% Power = 80% Assumed 6 months EFS-rates = 55% vs. 70%

Multiple Testing: No Multiplicity Problem in this trial.

2. Estimated sample sizes:

About 167 recruitments at final analysis

Patient recruitment will be performed for 5,4 years. Individual follow-up (including study treatment) is required for this protocol for at least 1 year and 30 days after study entry. Long-term follow-up is strongly recommended and will be organised according to national guidelines and recommendations.

Financial support:

Deutsche Kinderkrebsstiftung, Bonn, Germany

Condition Glioblastoma WHO Grade IV, Diffuse Midline Glioma Histone 3 K27M WHO Grade IV, Anaplastic Astrocytoma WHO Grade III, Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma, Gliomatosis Cerebri
Treatment Temozolomide + Valproic Acid, Temozolomide + Chloroquine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03243461
SponsorUniversity of Göttingen
Last Modified on16 June 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Newly diagnosed, previously untreated diffuse paediatric high grade glioma with central neuropathological review including paedHGG (WHO grade IV) and anaplastic astrocytoma (WHO grade III)
Newly diagnosed, previously untreated diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma with central neuroradiological review
Newly diagnosed, previously untreated gliomatosis cerebri of all tumour grades with central neuroradiological review
Patient ≥ 3 years and < 18 years of age at time of diagnosis
Written informed consent of the patient and/or the patient's parents or legal guardian according to national laws

Exclusion Criteria

Pre-treatment of paedHGG (WHO grade IV), anaplastic astrocytoma (WHO grade III), diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (as confirmed by neuroradiological review), and gliomatosis cerebri (as confirmed by neuroradiological review)
Known hypersensitivity or contraindication to study drugs and/or dacarbazine
Prior chemotherapy within the last 30 days before HIT-HGG-2013 treatment or radiotherapy which prevents adequate Performance of radiotherapy as outlined by the present protocol. This may mainly apply to patients with secondary high grade glioma after previous malignant brain tumour, e.g. medulloblastoma, ependymoma, craniopharyngeoma. If previous treatment does not prevent the adequate performance of the outlined Treatment protocol patients with secondary high grade glioma will be eligible for the present trial
Other (simultaneous) malignancies
Pregnancy and / or lactation
Patients who are sexually active refusing to use effective contraception (oral contraception, intrauterine devices, barrier method of contraception in conjunction with spermicidal jelly)
Current or recent (within 30 days prior to start of trial treatment) treatment with another investigational drug or participation in another investigational trial
Clinical (e.g. a constitutional mismatch repair deficiency score ≥ 3; Wimmer et al. 2014) and/or other hints (e.g. absent intratumoral immunohistochemical expression of at least one of the MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, or PMS2 mismatch repair proteins and/or high microsatellite instability) for an underlying biallelic (constitutional) mismatch repair deficiency (bMMRD/CMMRD) or a heterozygous mismatch repair deficiency (hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer syndrome/HNPCC syndrome/Lynch syndrome): These patients and their relatives should be offered human genetic counseling and rapid genetic diagnostics to confirm or rule out These conditions. These patients might not benefit from the present study treatment but maybe from other therapeutic strategies (Bouffet et al. 2016). Since patients with clinically suspected neurofibromatosis type 1 may display similar symptoms as in CMMRD, patients with clinically suspected neurofibromatosis type 1 should be also checked for CMMRD as suggested above
Very poor clinical condition as defined by demand of mechanical ventilation and/or demand for intravenous catecholamines and/or very severe neurological damage equivalent to a coma and/or tetraplegia with complete incapability for communication (deafness, blindness, mutism)
Severe concomitant diseases (e.g. immune deficiency syndrome; known tumour predisposition syndromes which do not affect adequate performance of the trial represent no exclusion criterion a priori
Known HIV positivity
Known severe manifest hepatic disease including hepatic porphyria as well as personal or family history of severe hepatic dysfunction, especially drug-related
Known severe pancreatic disease
Known lethal hepatic dysfunction in a sibling during valproic acid treatment
Known mitochondrial diseases caused by genetic mutations within the gene coding for the enzyme polymerase gamma (POLG), e.g. Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome, as well as suspected POLGrelated disorders in children under the age of two years
Known severe coagulation disorders (in regards to thrombopenia see prerequisite for blood cell count before starting treatment)
Known urea cycle defect
Valproic acid as antiepileptc drug for any pre-existing epilepsy (Exception: Valproic acid treatment due to tumour-related epilepsy will be tolerated, if the time interval between start of valproic acid treatment and trial enrolment is ≤ 8 weeks
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact


Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note