Systemic Therapy With or Without Local Consolidative Therapy in Treating Patients With Oligometastatic Solid Tumor

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2022
  • participants needed
    367
  • sponsor
    M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Updated on 25 July 2022

Summary

This phase II trial studies how well systemic therapy with or without local consolidative therapy work in treating patients with solid tumor that has spread to 1 site of other places in the body. Treatment with up-front local consolidative therapy may be better in helping to control the disease.

Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. In patients with oligometastatic malignancies, to assess progression free survival (PFS) with upfront local consolidative therapy (LCT) versus (vs.) no LCT among randomized patients.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. In patients with oligometastatic malignancies, to assess overall survival (OS) with upfront LCT vs. no LCT among randomized patients.

II. In patients with oligometastatic malignancies, to assess time to next line systemic therapy with upfront LCT vs. no LCT.

III. In patients with oligometastatic malignancies, to assess time to new lesion failure with upfront LCT vs. no LCT.

IV. To assess safety/tolerability of upfront LCT in patients with oligometastatic malignancies.

V. In patients with oligometastatic malignancies, to assess quality of life with upfront LCT vs. no LCT.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To identify predictive/prognostic biomarkers that are associated with a benefit to LCT across disease sites.

II. To investigate the systemic immune activating effects of radiation.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive up-front standard of care LCT including but not limited to surgical resection, cryotherapy, and radiofrequency ablation. Patients then receive routine drug therapy.

ARM II: Patients receive routine drug therapy. Patients may later receive LCT at the discretion of doctor.

After completion of study, patients are followed up every 18 weeks.

Details
Condition Oligometastatic Malignant Solid Neoplasm
Treatment Best Practice, Local Consolidation Therapy
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03599765
SponsorM.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Last Modified on25 July 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Oligometastatic solid tumors (see protocol for relevant disease sites) patients (=< 5 metastatic lesions at the time of study entry)
Candidate for definitive local therapy to all sites of active disease per the discretion of the treating physicians
No more than 4 prior lines of systemic therapy administered to treat metastatic disease
Pathologically confirmed diagnosis of cancer as specified in protocol
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 500/mcL (performed within 6 weeks prior to study enrollment)
Platelets >= 25,000/mcL (performed within 6 weeks prior to study enrollment)
Hemoglobin >=7 g/dL (performed within 6 weeks prior to study enrollment)
Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 mg/dl (except for subjects with Gilbert syndrome, who may have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dl) OR direct bilirubin =< upper limit normal (ULN) for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 mg/dl (performed within 6 weeks prior to study enrollment)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) =< 3 X ULN OR =< 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases (performed within 6 weeks prior to study enrollment)

Exclusion Criteria

Has a diagnosis of active scleroderma, lupus, or other rheumatologic disease which in the opinion of the treating radiation oncologist precludes safe radiation therapy
Metastatic effusion (e.g. pleural effusion or ascites). Note that patients with an effusion that is too small to sample will be eligible for the trial
Diffuse metastatic processes including leptomeningeal disease, diffuse bone marrow involvement, and peritoneal carcinomatous, which by the discretion of the treating physician cannot be treated definitively
Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
In the event that a curative systemic option exists for metastatic disease from a given disease site. First-line metastatic patients (those patients who have had no prior lines of systemic therapy targeting their metastatic disease) are only eligible for enrollment if they have completed their curative systemic therapy per the judgment of the treating oncologist and have persistent disease
Is pregnant or expecting to conceive within the projected duration of the trial at the screening visit
Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 6 weeks prior to study registration up to the first fraction of radiation
Note: If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
Additional diagnosis of another primary malignancy outside of the malignancy being
treated on trial that per the discretion of the treating physicians and
investigational team offers a substantial risk to the patient's life (e.g
primary lung cancer definitively treated in the past 6 months would offer a
significant risk to the patient's life, while a basal cell carcinoma treated
with local excision would not)
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