Impact of Pegfilgrastim on Trastuzumab Anti-tumor Effect and ADCC in Operable HER2+ Breast Cancer Breast Cancer (BREASTIMMU02)

  • End date
    Apr 23, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Centre Leon Berard
Updated on 23 March 2022
platelet count
breast cancer
gilbert's syndrome
neutrophil count
breast cancer staging


First preclinical data suggest that pegfilgrastim could constitute a potent adjuvant for immunotherapy with mAb possessing ADCC/ADCP properties as trastuzumab. Combined treatment of pegfilgrastim and trastuzumab should translate into an increased rate of pathological clinical response. Therefore the investigators' proposal is to evaluate the clinical and biological impact of pegfilgrastim in combination with trastuzumab + paclitaxel in HER2-positive early stage breast cancer patients. Breastimmune02 is a multicenter, randomized, open-label, Phase II trial. Operable HER2+ breast cancer patients previously treated with 4 cycles of standard adriamycine/cyclophosphamide (AC) chemotherapy will be randomized (1:1) to receive in the neoadjuvant setting:Arm A: weekly paclitaxel + trastuzumab (every 3 weeks, Q3W) + pegfilgrastim (Q3W) versus Arm B: weekly paclitaxel + trastuzumab (Q3W).Stratification criteria will be: cN0 versus cN1.


The duration of the neoadjuvant treatment period is planned to be 12 weeks (4 cycles of 3 weeks), except in case of Inacceptable toxicity, or Patient decision, or Withdrawal of consent, or Clinical/radiological signs of disease progression.This neoadjuvant treatment period will be ended with a short term safety visit (STSVNeo) to be scheduled 28 days after the last dose of study treatments (considering the latest study treatments administered). Following the STSVNeo, patients will undergo surgery as per usual practice and pathological response will be centrally assessed by a referent pathologist blinded for the treatment arms.Following surgery, all patients will be treated in the adjuvant setting with trastuzumab administered every 3 weeks for up to 12 months in both arms with clinical assessments every 3 months (cf. Réseau régional de Cancérologie, In case of RH+ disease, endocrine therapy may be initiated as per standard treatment guidelines.This adjuvant treatment period is planned for a maximum of 12 months; except in case of Inacceptable toxicity, or Patient decision, or Withdrawal of consent, or Clinical/radiological signs of disease progression. All randomized and treated patients will be followed-up for relapse and survival for at least 15 months post-randomization (i.e. 1 year post-surgery).

A total of 90 patients will be randomized in the study. (45 per arm). All the data concerning the patients will be recorded in the electronic case report form (eCRF) throughout the study serious adverse event (SAE) reporting will be also paper-based by e-mail and/or Fax. The sponsor will perform the study monitoring and will help the investigators to conduct the study in compliance with the clinical trial protocol, Good Clinical Practices (GCP) and local law requirements

Condition HER2-positive Breast Cancer, Operable Breast Cancer
Treatment pegfilgrastim, Trastuzumab + Paclitaxel
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03571633
SponsorCentre Leon Berard
Last Modified on23 March 2022


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Inclusion Criteria

Female patients aged ≥ 18 years at time of inform consent signature
Histologically proven HER2 positive breast cancer defined as 3+ staining intensity by immunohistochemistry (IHC) or a 2+ IHC staining intensity and HER2 gene amplification by [FISH.Note:HER2](ftp://FISH.Note/HER2) status will be determined as per institutional practice
Operable breast tumor with tumor size and staging: > 20 mm, cN0 or cN1, M0 before any AC or FEC chemotherapy, and at least one measurable lesion ≥10 mm in longest diameter at inclusion according to RECIST 1.1
No radiological sign of disease progression at time of randomisation
Patient previously treated by 4 cycles of AC or 3 to 4 cycles of FEC without febrile neutropenia and without prior pegfilgrastim treatment
Availability of a representative formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor specimen from initial diagnosis (i.e. an archival paraffin block is preferred; or at least 20 unstained slides) with its histological report
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2
Adequate organ function as defined by the following lab tests (to be carried out within 7 days prior C1D1):Bone marrow (Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 109/L, Platelet count > 100 x 109/L, (without transfusion within 21 days prior to C1D1), Hemoglobin value ≥ 9 g/dL), Renal function (Calculated creatinine clearance by MDRD or CKD-EPI >50 mL/min/1.73m2 or serum creatinine < 1.5ULN), Liver function (Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 3ULN, Total serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 ULN (except for patients with Gilbert disease for whom a total serum bilirubin ≤3 ULN is acceptable), Coagulation (INR and aPTT≤ 1.5 ULN)
Adequate cardiac function with Mean resting corrected QT interval (QTc), calculated using Fridericia's formula, ≤470ms obtained from 3 electrocardiograms (ECGs) and Systolic blood pressure <160mmHg and Diastolic blood pressure <100mmHg (hypertension controlled by standard medical treatment is allowed)
Women of childbearing potential (entering the study after a confirmed menstrual period and who have a negative pregnancy test within 7 days before C1D1) must agree to use two methods of medically acceptable forms of contraception from the date of negative pregnancy test to 3 months after the last study drug intake
Patients should be able and willing to comply with study visits and procedures as per protocol
Patients should understand, sign, and date the written voluntary informed consent form at the screening visit prior to any protocol-specific procedures performed
Patients must be covered by a medical insurance

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with inflammatory breast cancer
Previous exposure to pegfilgrastim or trastuzumab. Note: the use of filgrastim (non pegylated form only) is authorized prior to the randomisation
Patients requiring the concomitant use of any forbidden treatment including: Any other anti-cancer treatments not listed in the protocol, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy or biologic therapy for cancer treatment, Any investigational treatment
Any contra-indication to trastuzumab, paclitaxel, and pegfilgrastim respective SPCs including:Hypersensitivity to trastuzumab, murine proteins, or to any of the excipients listed in trastuzumab SPC, Severe dyspnea at rest due to complications of advanced malignancy or requiring supplementary oxygen therapy, Hypersensitivity to pegfilgrastim or filgrastim, or to any of the excipients listed in SPC, Hereditary problems of fructose intolerance, Hypersensitivity to paclitaxel or to any excipient, particularly macrogolglycerol ricinoleate, Patients with history of or active cardiac disease including myocardial infarction (MI), angina pectoris requiring medical treatment, congestive heart failure NYHA (New York Heart Association) Class ≥II, other cardiomyopathy, cardiac arrhythmia requiring medical treatment, clinically significant cardiac valvular disease, and hemodynamic effective pericardial effusion
Active secondary malignancy unless this malignancy is not expected to interfere with the evaluation of study endpoints and is approved by the sponsor. Examples of the latter include basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, in-situ carcinoma of the cervix. Patients with a completely treated prior malignancy and no evidence of disease for ≥ 2 years are eligible
Pregnant or breast-feeding female patients
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