High Flow Nasal Oxygen and Acute Left Heart Failure

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    77
  • participants needed
    120
  • sponsor
    Nanjing Jiangbei People's Hospital
Updated on 26 January 2021
edema
mechanical ventilation
heart failure
intubation
dyspnea
acute heart failure
pulmonary congestion
congestion
respiratory failure
cavity
hypoxia
shock
non-invasive ventilation
extubation
claustrophobia
oxygenation index
skin injury

Summary

Acute left heart failure (ALHF) is a sudden attack or deterioration of abnormal left heart function, which may impair myocardial contractility and increase cardiac loading, further result in decreased cardiac output, abrupt elevation of pulmonary and systemic circulation pressure, consequently trigger in acute pulmonary congestion, acute pulmonary edema and cardiac shock .

Hypoxia and severe dyspnea may pose fatal threats for the patients suffered from ALHF should be alleviated as soon as possible, and thus oxygen therapy and ventilation support are regarded as important therapeutic measures for these patients. According to 2017 Chinese College of Emergency Physicians(CCEP) acute heart failure clinical guideline, invasive ventilation should be recommended to those patients whose symptoms still get worsening despite timely treatments.

Intubation may increase the risks of infection and multiple organ failure, so timely extubation contributes to reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation and the rate of complications. But if extubation failure occurs, the patient often requires re-intubation that may induce the outset of complications, extend the length of stay and increase mortality.

Heart failure proves to be high risk factor for extubation failure on the basis of previous studies. It is recommended to apply sequential non-invasive ventilation (NIV) if the patient receiving invasive ventilation for more than 24 hours and having high risk for extubation failure on the basis of 2017 American Thoracic Society(ATS) clinical guideline. It is worthy to note that NIV has many shortcomings, for example, it may induce dry oropharyngeal cavity, skin injury caused by mask oppression, gaseous distention, vomiting, respiratory aspiration, air leak, drying sputum, difficulty in coughing up phlegm and claustrophobia.

As an emerging technology, high flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) has many advantages in airway humidification, tolerance and compliance which also can effectively improve pulmonary oxygenation function of patients with respiratory failure. Which therapeutic measure should be recommended for the patients with ALHF after extubation, NIV or HFNO? It is still unclear according to the latest management guidelines. So one perspective study will be launch to compare the difference between HFNO-group patients with NIV-group patients in re-intubation rate within 48 hours, oxygenation index, length of ICU stay, total hospital stay, mortality and compliance for evidence-based medicine.

Description

  1. The anticipated number of patient subjects will reach 120 in the study. The patient's condition should be informed to his/her next of kin and then agree to signs the informed consent.
  2. When passing spontaneous breathing trials and removing tracheal tube, the patients should be divided into two groups by random digital table.
  3. Group A/HFNO group: the patients should receive the treatment of high flow nasal oxygen immediately after extubation. The initial flow speed was set at 30L/min and increased at 5L/min in titrated type until the patient feels uncomfortable. The temperature was set at 37. The fraction of inspiration O2 was set in accordance with specific condition of patient to insure oxygen saturation more than 95%.

Group B/NIV group: the patients should receive the treatment of non-invasive ventilation immediately after extubation. The initial pressure are set at a lower level (inspiratory pressure: 6-8cmH2O, expiratory pressure: 4cmH2O) and adjusted to a suitable level in 10-20min. The fraction of inspiration O2 was set in accordance with specific condition of patient to insure oxygen saturation more than 95%.

4. The criteria of successful extubation: the patient doesn't require re-intubation within 48 hours after extubation.

The criteria of extubation failure: the patient needs re-intubation and ventilation support within 48 hours after extubation.

5. (1) Investigators should keep a record of these patient's general condition, for instance, age, sex, diagnosis, Apache II score, treatment, etc.(2) Investigators should routinely detect clinical manifestation, ventilation parameters and physiological indices of the recruited patients. Elementary monitoring indicators consist of vital signs, oxygen saturation, ECG, tidal volume, breathing rate, inspiratory pressure, expiratory pressure and blood gas analysis. Blood gas analysis should be evaluated on an average of 12 hours, within the range of 48 hours after extubation.(3) Clinical prognosis of these patients should be recorded, including the rate of weaning failure, re-intubation rate, time for re-intubation, causes of re-intubation, duration of HFNO/HIV, length of ICU stay, hospitalization time and number of death.4 The data of adverse effect derived from devices applied in the study should be recorded. HFNO group: dry nasal cavity, dry oropharyngeal cavity, dysphagia.HIV group: dry oropharyngeal cavity, skin injury caused by mask oppression, gaseous distention, vomiting, respiratory aspiration, air leak, drying sputum, difficulty in coughing up phlegm and claustrophobia.

Details
Condition Oxygen therapy, Heart failure, Heart disease, Transdermal Continuous Oxygen Therapy (TCOT), Non-invasive Ventilation, Non Invasive Ventilation, Noninvasive Ventilation, Congestive Heart Failure, Cardiac Disease, cardiac failure, congestive heart disease
Treatment non-invasive ventilation, high flow nasal oxygen
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03607357
SponsorNanjing Jiangbei People's Hospital
Last Modified on26 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

(1) Clinical diagnosis of acute left heart failure
(2) The patient receives invasive ventilation for more than 24 hours
(3) Must pass spontaneous breathing trials
(4) Patient's next of kin agrees to sign the informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

(1) Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
(2) Disturbance of consciousness
(3)Bulbar paralysis, dysphagia
(4) Facial deformity
(5) Terminal tumor
(6) Neuromuscular disease
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note