Last updated on September 2018

Quadratus Lumborum Block vs Transversus Abdominis Plane Block for Post-prostatectomy Analgesia

Brief description of study

Recently, the uses of peripheral axial blocks that deliver local anesthetic into the transversus abdominis fascial plane have become popular for operations that involve incision(s) of the abdominal wall. Thus, the Transversus Abdominis plane (TAP) block has been shown to reduce perioperative opioid use in elective abdominal surgery, including open appendicectomy, laparotomy, and laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Currently, the Quadratus Lumborum block (QL block) is performed as one of the perioperative pain management procedures for all generations (pediatrics, pregnant, and adult) undergoing abdominal surgery. The local anesthetic injected via the approach of the posterior QL block ( QL 2 block ) can more easily extend beyond the TAP to the thoracic paravertebral space or the thoracolumbar plane, the posterior QL block entails a broader sensory-level analgesic and may generate analgesia from T7 to L1. Use of posterior QL block in laparoscopic prostatectomy has not been investigated before and it is the variant that will be discussed in our study.

Detailed Study Description

In laparoscopic prostatectomy, overall pain is a conglomerate of three different and clinically separate components: incisional pain (somatic pain), visceral pain (deep intra abdominal pain), and shoulder pain due to peritoneal stretching and diaphragmatic irritation associated with carbon dioxide insufflation. Moreover, it has been hypothesized that intense acute pain after laparoscopic prostatectomy may predict development of chronic pain. Without effective treatment, this ongoing pain may delay recovery, mandate inpatient admission, and thereby increase the cost of such care.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03606889

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Recruitment Status: Open

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