The Role of Postoperative Cycles in the Perioperative Chemotherapy for Gastric Cancer (STOPEROPCHEM)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    180
  • sponsor
    Medical University of Lublin
Updated on 22 January 2022
endoscopy
endoscopic ultrasound
oxaliplatin
capecitabine
laparoscopy
cancer chemotherapy
epirubicin
postoperative chemotherapy

Summary

Taking into account the substantial doubts concerning the potential benefit of postoperative part in the perioperative chemotherapy regimen we designed a study assessing value of this approach in gastric cancer. To improve compliance with a protocol regimen of this aggressive combined therapy we replaced tested in the MAGIC trial ECF regimen with more effective and better tolerable EOX chemotherapy regimen. The value of postoperative three-cycle EOX regimen will be tested in patients with locoregionally advanced gastric cancer with positive pathological response to preoperative three-cycle EOX chemotherapy regimen. The patients will be randomized to the postoperative chemotherapy or to the follow-up arm.

Description

The MAGIC trial, also considered the "milestone" study, definitely proved that neoadjuvant chemotherapy improves the outcome of patients with locally advanced gastric cancer. Resection was considered curative in 79% under combination therapy versus in 69% of only operated patients (P = 0.02), 2-year survival rates were 50 and 41%, and 5-year-survival rates were 36 and 23% (P = 0.009), respectively. The substantial weak point of the MAGIC trial remains the fact that only about 40% of the patients received the full dosage of scheduled postoperative chemotherapy, mainly due to intolerance or toxicity reasons.

The noninferiority in relation to survival of capecitabine to 5-FU in triplet regimens for the treatment of patients with advanced esophagogastric cancer was demonstrated in the large multicenter randomized phase III, REAL-2 study, including 1002 patients. Capecitabine has overcome the doubts concerning the potential efficacy of oral drug administration in patients with gastric carcinoma, especially in relation to those patients who have undergone partial or total gastrectomy. The same study demonstrated the noninferiority of oxaliplatin versus cisplatin in advanced gastric cancer and confirmed the acceptable tolerability profile of this third-generation platinum analogue. It was anticipated that the use of these newer agents as components of triplet regimens would reduce toxicity and thereby render an alternative to the standard ECF combination easier to handle as a consequence of replacing the cisplatin component with oxaliplatin, replacing the infusional 5-fluorouracil component with oral capecitabine in EOX regimen. Furthermore, achieving a median overall survival time of 11.2 months, the EOX regimen appeared to be more active than ECF (median overall survival time, 9.9 months), with the higher 1-year survival rate 47% vs 38%, respectively. Compared with the ECF regimen, EOX was associated with significantly lower rates of grade 3 or 4 neutropenia and grade 2 alopecia, but significantly higher rates of grade 3 or 4 lethargy, diarrhea, and peripheral neuropathy. Based on the results of the REAL study, EOX is therefore tolerable, and at least as active as ECF. This modified regimen could therefore be considered to be a new standard treatment and may be an appropriate reference regimen for future studies in advanced gastric cancer.

Details
Condition Gastric Cancer
Treatment Postoperative Chemotherapy
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT01787539
SponsorMedical University of Lublin
Last Modified on22 January 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

histopathologically confirmed gastric cancer
potentially resectable, local or locoregional cancer with clinical staging cT2-4aN0-3M0. A clinical assessment of location, resectability and staging will be performed based on endoscopy, barium swallow, endoscopic ultrasound, multidetector computed tomography and diagnostic laparoscopy with cytology washing
medically fit to undergo a major abdominal surgery and in general condition allowing to tolerate long-lasting chemotherapy (Karnofsky Performance Status 70, ECOG 0-1)

Exclusion Criteria

Pregnancy or breast feeding
Diagnosed other malignancy and/or chemotherapy administrated within the last 5 years
Gastric remnant cancer
Early Gastric Cancer
Irresectable or disseminated cancer with distant organ metastases and/or peritoneal spreading and/or positive cytology washing
Poor performance status measured by Karnofsky index < 60 or ECOG < 1
Clinically important active systemic disease: unstable diabetes, circulatory failure of NYHA III or IV, unstable arterial hypertension, unstable coronary heart disease, recent heart infarct or brain insult within the last 6 months, severe COPD, peripheral neuropathy of grade 2-4
Severe hematological abnormalities: HGB < 10.0 gm/dL and/or neutropenia < 1500 /mm3; PLT < 100 000 /mm3
Severe renal dysfunction requiring peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis or hemofiltration or oliguria <20ml/h
Severe liver dysfunction: acute or chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, liver failure, abnormal liver testing: ALAT or ASPAT or ALP >2.5 - 5.0 upper limit; total bilirubin >2 x upper limit
Concommitant infection
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note