Adoptive Cord Blood Immunotherapy for EBV, CMV, BKV and Adenovirus Reactivation/Infection or Prophylaxis

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Nov 15, 2025
  • participants needed
    36
  • sponsor
    Catherine Bollard
Updated on 5 March 2022
absolute neutrophil count
nephropathy
cmv infection

Summary

This Phase I-II dose-finding trial to determine the optimal dose of intravenous (IV) injection dose of donor-derived cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) specific for CMV, EBV, BKV and Adenovirus. A maximum of 36 patients will be treated in up to 18 cohorts each of size 2, with the first cohort treated at the lowest dose level 1, all successive doses chosen by the EffTox method, and no untried dose level skipped when escalating.

The scientific goal of the trial is to determine an optimal IV-CTL cell dose level among the three doses 1.0x107cells/m2, 2 x107cells/m2 and 5x107cells/m2., hereafter dose levels 1, 2, 3. Dose-finding will be done using the sequentially adaptive EffTox trade-off-based design of Thall et al.

Description

This Phase I-II dose-finding trial to determine the optimal dose of intravenous (IV) injection dose of donor-derived cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) specific for CMV, EBV, BKV and Adenovirus. A maximum of 36 patients will be treated in up to 18 cohorts each of size 2, with the first cohort treated at the lowest dose level 1, all successive doses chosen by the EffTox method, and no untried dose level skipped when escalating.

The scientific goal of the trial is to determine an optimal IV-CTL cell dose level among the three doses 1.0x107cells/m2, 2 x107cells/m2 and 5x107cells/m2., hereafter dose levels 1, 2, 3. Dose-finding will be done using the sequentially adaptive EffTox trade-off-based design of Thall et al. To implement the design's model using the latest EffTox version 4.0.12 program, doses will coded numerically to be 1, 2, 3.

CMV/AdV /EBV/BKV specific T cells will be thawed and given or thawed and diluted into a total volume of 10 mL of Plasmalyte A by slow intravenous injection over 1-2 minutes. This is a traditional Phase I dose escalation study of a single infusion of CMV/AdV/EBV/BKV-specific CTLs to patients at risk for CMV and EBV reactivation and Adenoviral and BK virus infection after umbilical cord blood transplantation. Three dose levels will be explored. The lowest dose level will be 1x107cells/m2 and the highest will be 5x107/m2. There will be 2-6 patients at each dose level (depending on toxicity) following the scheme below. The decision on whether it is safe to escalate to next dose level or not will be made after at least two patients in each dose level have finished their 45-days toxicity follow up. If the first two patients have not finished their 45 days follow-up, up to 2 additional incoming patients can be enrolled at the current dose level. In addition, we will give the option of administering 2 additional doses (at the same dose level), 28 days after the first infusion of the same dose, in subjects who have a partial response after one dose or who have received other therapy that may affect the persistence or function of the infused CTL in vivo. If there are no toxicities and immunological efficacy is not seen at any dose, then the doses will be further escalated after additional local and federal approval.

Dose Levels and Dosing Schedule

Dose Level CTL Dose Given from Day +30 post SCT

  1. 1x107/m2
  2. 2.0x107/m2
  3. 5x107/m2

Escalation of Multi-virus-specific CTL infusions

CMV/AdV/EBV/BKV CTL will be given from day +30 either as prophylaxis or treatment for CMV, EBV, BK and/or adenovirus infection. If the patient has viral reactivation or evidence of CMV/EBV/AdV/BKV disease (e.g. pneumonitis, gastroenteritis and/or retinitis or Post Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder (PTLD) or hemorrhagic cystitis the CTL can be given with concurrent antiviral pharmacotherapy.

A dose escalation scheme utilizing cohorts of two patients will be used

Each cohort of 2 patients will be treated and observed for 45 days for toxicity, dose escalation, and GvHD. The algorithm described in Section 9 will be used to determine the dose for each cohort. If 1x107CTL/m2 results in unacceptable toxicity or efficacy, the study will be closed to accrual.

The Optimal Dose of Infused CMV/AdV/EBV/BKV-Specific CTL

After all patients in the trial have been evaluated, the optimal dose of infused CMV/AdV/EBV-specific CTL will be determined by the algorithm using the sequentially adaptive EffTox trade-off-based design of Thall et al.

Details
Condition Viral Infection
Treatment CMV/AdV /EBV/BKV specific T cells
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03594981
SponsorCatherine Bollard
Last Modified on5 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria at the Time of Procurement
Pediatric and adult patients (there are no lower and upper age limits for patients) with malignant or nonmalignant diseases who are candidates for transplant
Patients must have a CB unit (or units) matched with the patient at 4, 5, or 6/6 HLA class I (serological) and II (molecular) antigens. The unit selected for CTL expansion must be either
be cryopreserved in two fractions, with a minimum of 2.5x107 total nucleated cells (TNC) per kg pre-thaw in the fraction which will be used for the primary transplant. The remaining fraction will be used to generate the CTLs to give at day 30 or beyond as described below. OR
be cryopreserved with a cell dose that totals > 3x10e7 TNC per kg pre thaw. On thaw, 20% of the total volume will be used for CTL manufacture to give at day 30 or beyond and the remaining 80% will be used for the primary transplant
For recipients of double CBT, if possible both CB units should be cryopreserved in two fractions and T-cells will be made from both units if possible
Inclusion Criteria at the Time of CTL Infusion
Recipients of at least one unmanipulated cord blood unit as described above (i.e. from a HLA matched or mismatched unrelated donor) transplant at risk for or with CMV/Adenoviral/BKV and/or EBV infection or reactivation
Lansky/Karnofsky scores 60
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) greater than 500/u
No evidence of GVHD > Grade II at time of enrollment
Life expectancy > 30 days
Absence of severe renal disease (Creatinine < 3x normal for age)
Absence of severe hepatic disease. Direct bilirubin must be < 3 mg/dl and AST < 5x upper limit of normal
Patient must be at least 30 days post transplant to be eligible to receive CTL
Written informed consent and/or signed assent line from patient, parent or guardian

Exclusion Criteria

Exclusion Criteria at the Time of Procurement
Pregnant or lactating
Patients with active central nervous system disease
Patients with Karnofsky performance status <70%
Patients with grade 3 or 4 or primary myelofibrosis
Patients with suitable related donors Exclusion Criteria at the Time of CTL Infusion
Pregnant or lactating
Patient on Fi02 of >60%
Unable to wean steroids to 0.5 mg/kg/day prednisone or equivalent
Patients with Grade 3 hyperbilirubinemia
Patients with other uncontrolled infections (except CMV and/or adenovirus and/or EBVemia and/or BK viruria/viremia). For bacterial infections, patients must be receiving definitive therapy and have no signs of progressing infection for 72 hours prior to enrollment. For fungal infections patients must be receiving definitive systemic anti-fungal therapy and have no signs of progressing infection for 1 week prior to enrollment. Progressing infection is defined as hemodynamic instability attributable to sepsis or new symptoms, worsening physical signs or radiographic findings attributable to infection. Persisting fever without other signs or symptoms will not be interpreted as progressing infection
Patients with less than 50% donor chimerism in either peripheral blood or bone marrow or patients with relapse of original disease
Patients who have received investigational (IND) product within 28 days of screening for CTL infusion under this study
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