Brain and Gut Plasticity in Mild TBI or Post-acute COVID Syndrome Following Growth Hormone Therapy

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jun 1, 2023
  • participants needed
    75
  • sponsor
    The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston
Updated on 13 May 2022
growth hormone
hormone therapy
somatropin
traumatic brain injury
post-concussion syndrome
genotropin
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

Patients with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) or post acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 (PASC) and abnormal growth hormone secretion, as measured by glucagon stimulation test, will be treated with replacement growth hormone therapy for a period of 6 months (mTBI) or 9 months (PASC). Testing of cognition, exercise, fatigue, brain activation and morphology, body composition and measurements of quality of life will be performed before and after the treatment period. Fecal sampling for characterization of the GI microbiome will occur monthly over the treatment period. Control subjects will be enrolled and will provide fecal samples monthly for 6 months. GI microbiomes will be compared between mTBI patients, PASC patients and controls at baseline as well as over the treatment period.

Description

The investigators will study subjects (aged 18-70 years) with a history of mild TBI (n=25), post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 (PASC) (n=25)and healthy controls (n=25). mTBI subjects will undergo a 6-month intervention of rhGH therapy. PASC subjects will undergo a 9-month intervention of rhGH therapy. Controls will be asked to participate in questionnaires, blood draws (amino acid analysis), and fecal sampling (GI microbiome analysis). Controls will not receive any growth hormone treatment.

mTBI group

All patients presenting with a prior mTBI will undergo a phone pre-screen including the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) questions 1-3. If they score ≥ 3 on any BFI questions 1-3, and are interested in participating in the study, they will be scheduled for a formal consenting and medical screening at the UTMB Clinical Research Center (CRC). During the medical screening, eligibility will be confirmed and a glucagon stimulation test (GST) will be performed. A glucagon stimulation with a growth hormone peak of <10 ng/mL is required to qualify for enrollment.

PASC group

All patients presenting with PASC will undergo a phone pre-screen including the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) questions 1-3. If they score ≥ 3 on any BFI questions 1-3, and are interested in participating in the study, they will be scheduled for a formal consenting and medical screening at the UTMB Clinical Research Center (CRC). During the medical screening, eligibility will be confirmed and a glucagon stimulation test (GST) will be performed. A glucagon stimulation with a growth hormone peak of <10 ng/mL is required to qualify for enrollment.

Control group

All controls will undergo a phone pre-screen and if interested in participating in the study, will be scheduled for a formal consenting and medical screening at the UTMB Clinical Research Center (CRC).

Experimental Protocol.

mTBI Group

Before and at completion (month 6) of the rhGH intervention, mTBI subjects will report to the UTMB Institute for Translational Sciences (ITS) Clinical Research Center (CRC) for testing, which will consist of cognitive function assessment (MoCA), determination of brain morphology and connectivity using fMRI, determination of lean mass and fat mass using DEXA, resting energy expenditure, functional testing including leg strength and 6 minute walk test, fatigue measurements, and questionnaires of mood and quality of life, gastrointestinal health, sleep, and food preferences. Blood sampling for measurement of amino acid levels, hormones, and metabolites will be drawn before and 90 minutes (+/- 10 minutes) after a standardized meal. In addition, fecal samples for analysis of the GI microbiome will be collected monthly for the duration of the study. Insulin Growth Factor 1 (IGF-1) levels will monitored at a month 1 safety visit for all mTBI subjects. The month 1 safety visit will occur +/- 5 days from the expected date based on the baseline study visit. The monthly fecal sampling will occur +/- 7 days from the expected date based on the baseline study visit. The month 6 post study will occur +/- 7 days from the expected date based on the baseline study visit. A member of the study team will contact the subject each month to coordinate fecal sample transport to UTMB, check for adverse events and overall well-being, and ensure compliance and ongoing consent.

PASC Group

Before and at month 6 of the rhGH intervention, PASC subjects will report to the UTMB Institute for Translational Sciences (ITS) Clinical Research Center (CRC) for testing, which will consist of cognitive function assessment (MoCA), determination of lean mass and fat mass using DEXA, resting energy expenditure, functional testing including leg strength and 6 minute walk test, fatigue measurements, and questionnaires of mood and quality of life, gastrointestinal health, sleep, and food preferences. Blood sampling for measurement of amino acid levels, hormones, and metabolites will be drawn before and 90 minutes (+/- 10 minutes) after a standardized meal. In addition, fecal samples for analysis of the GI microbiome will be collected monthly for the duration of the study. Insulin Growth Factor 1 (IGF-1) levels will monitored at a month 1 safety visit for all mTBI subjects. The month 1 safety visit will occur +/- 5 days from the expected date based on the baseline study visit. The monthly fecal sampling will occur +/- 7 days from the expected date based on the baseline study visit. The month 6 post study will occur +/- 7 days from the expected date based on the baseline study visit. PASC subjects will continue on rhGH treatment for an additional 3 months. GI microbiome sampling and questionnaires will occur at month 9 and month 12. PASC subjects will have an repeat glucagon stimulation test (GST) to determine growth hormone status at month 12. A member of the study team will contact the subject each month to coordinate fecal sample transport to UTMB, check for adverse events and overall well-being, and ensure compliance and ongoing consent.

Control group

Before and at month 6, controls will report to the UTMB Institute for Translational Sciences (ITS) Clinical Research Center (CRC) for testing, which will consist of questionnaires of food preferences and gastrointestinal health and blood sampling for measurement of amino acid levels, hormones, and metabolites which will be drawn before and 90 minutes (+/ 10 minutes) after a standardized meal. In addition, fecal samples for the analysis of the GI microbiome will be collected monthly for the duration of the study, as well as questionnaire assessing gastrointestinal health. The monthly fecal sampling will occur +/- 7 days from the expected date based on the baseline study visit. The post study (month 6) will occur +/- 7 days from the expected date based on the baseline study visit. A member of the study team will contact the subject each month to coordinate fecal sample transport to UTMB, check for adverse events and overall well-being, and ensure compliance and ongoing consent.

Details
Condition Traumatic Brain Injury, Fatigue, Cognitive Impairment, COVID-19
Treatment Somatropin
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03554265
SponsorThe University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston
Last Modified on13 May 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Ages 18 to 70 years
Male or female with a history of COVID with diagnosis confirmed by PCR test
Participant is willing and able to give informed consent for participation in the study
Minimum of 6 months since diagnosis of COVID by PCR test
Score of 3 or higher on any question 1-3 of the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) questionnaire

Exclusion Criteria

Any history of a recently (12 months) diagnosed cancer other than a skin cancer (excluding melanoma)
Current COVID infection
Current alcohol or drug abuse
Unable to walk unassisted
Significant heart, liver, kidney, blood or respiratory disease as determined by Principal Investigator
Pregnancy or become pregnant during the trial
History of psychosis
Subjects who are being managed with narcotics will be excluded as the effects of central nervous system depressants may interfere with study test results
Other medical condition or medication administration deemed exclusionary by the study investigators
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