Predicting Sleep Smoking and Lung Health Disparities in African American Adults

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Mar 31, 2023
  • participants needed
    480
  • sponsor
    Temple University
Updated on 9 April 2021
COPD
pulmonary function test
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
apnea
spirometry

Summary

This 5-year prospective, observational study will: (1) determine the individual, social, and environmental predictors of sleep duration, quality, latency, efficiency, timing and regularity in African American smokers, (2) quantify the prospective relationship between multiple metrics of sleep with tobacco use, such that a sleep phenotype of risk for smoking is defined, and (3) examine the extent to which short sleep (<7 hrs) and other unhealthy sleep metrics, predicts lung function through smoking behaviors and inflammation, in 480 African Americans at risk for advancing COPD (GOLD Stage 0-2 and current smoker). Study subjects will be recruited via Temple Health System sites. Following eligibility screening, initially eligible subjects will provide written study consent and complete an in-home sleep assessment to rule out the exclusionary moderate-severe sleep apnea and other sleep disorders. Consenting and eligible subjects will be entered into the study and across the 60-month data collection period, complete 8 assessments: 4 annual clinical based assessments, interspersed by 4 mid-year, phone-based, self-report assessments.

Details
Condition Pulmonary Disease, Smoking, Sleep, Lung Disease, pulmonary diseases, lung diseases, pulmonary disorders
Treatment Cohort Observational study
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03534076
SponsorTemple University
Last Modified on9 April 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Is your age between 40 yrs and 65 yrs?
Gender: Male or Female
Do you have any of these conditions: Pulmonary Disease or Lung Disease or Sleep or Smoking?
Do you have any of these conditions: Sleep or lung diseases or Smoking or pulmonary disorders or Lung Disease or pulmonary diseases or Pulmonary Disease?
Is your age between 40 yrs and 67 yrs?
Do you have any of these conditions: pulmonary disorders or Sleep or Pulmonary Disease or Smoking or lung diseases or pulmonary diseases or Lung Disease?
Is your age between 40 yrs and 67 yrs?
Do you have any of these conditions: Pulmonary Disease or Lung Disease or Sleep or pulmonary diseases or lung diseases or pulmonary disorders or Smoking?
Self-reported African American, White, or mixed ethnicity
40 - 67 years
GOLD stage 0-3 as assessed by spirometry
No moderate-severe sleep disorders or use of sleep medication
Self-reported current cigarette smoker as defined by smoking one or more cigarettes in the last month
Able to communicate in English and provide written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Self-reported ethnicity (in full or part) other than Black/African American or White
< 40 years of age
Not a current cigarette smoker (< 1 cigarette in last month)
GOLD stage >3\
Presents with a diagnosed moderate-severe sleep disorder
Use of any sleep medication. -
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