Cemiplimab in Treating Patients With Recurrent and Resectable Stage II-IV Head and Neck Cutaneous Squamous Cell Cancer Before Surgery

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2022
  • participants needed
    40
  • sponsor
    M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Updated on 4 March 2022

Summary

This phase II trial studies how well cemiplimab works before surgery in treating patients with stage II-IV head and neck cutaneous squamous cell cancer that has come back (recurrent) and can be removed by surgery (resectable). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as cemiplimab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.

Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine the overall response rate (ORR) using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v)1.1 criteria to neoadjuvant cemiplimab (REGN2810) in patients with stage II-IV cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) of the head and neck who are planned for definitive local surgery with or without radiation.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the pathologic response rate to neoadjuvant REGN2810 in patients with stage II-IV cSCC of the head and neck.

II. To determine the safety and tolerability of neoadjuvant REGN2810 in patients with stage II-IV cSCC of the head and neck who are planned for definitive local surgery and radiation.

III. To estimate the 2-year disease-specific (DSS), disease-free (DFS) and overall survival (OS) compared to historical controls.

IV. To determine the time to recurrence and patterns of failure. V. To evaluate the effects of neoadjuvant REGN2810 on the expression of PD-1 and potential related immune regulating targets in cSCC of the head and neck.

OUTLINE

Patients receive cemiplimab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes every 3 weeks. Cycles repeat every 3 weeks for up to 6 weeks with or without radiation therapy at the discretion of the treating physician in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days and then periodically for up to 5 years.

Details
Condition Recurrent Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck, Resectable Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck, Stage II Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck AJCC v8, Stage III Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck AJCC v8, Stage IV Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck AJCC v8
Treatment REGN2810, Cemiplimab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03565783
SponsorM.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Last Modified on4 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Biopsy-proven, primary or recurrent stage II-IV cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck
Surgical resection must be planned as primary therapy with or without adjuvant radiation therapy. Patients are eligible with previous surgical intervention if they have residual or recurrent disease, and it is greater than 4 weeks since surgery and they have fully recovered from surgery
Signed informed consent form (ICF)
Ability and willingness to comply with the requirements of the study protocol
Age >= 18 years
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500 cells/uL (obtained within 4 weeks [+/-3 days] prior to study entry)
White blood cell (WBC) counts >= 2500/uL (obtained within 4 weeks [+/-3 days] prior to study entry)
Lymphocyte count >= 300/uL (obtained within 4 weeks [+/-3 days] prior to study entry)
Platelet count >= 100,000uL for patients with hematologic malignancies, platelet count >= 75,000/uL (obtained within 4 weeks [+/-3 days] prior to study entry)
Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL (obtained within 4 weeks [+/-3 days] prior to study entry)
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) with the following exception: patients with known Gilbert disease who have serum bilirubin level =< 3 x ULN may be enrolled (obtained within 4 weeks [+/-3 days] prior to study entry)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3.0 x ULN (obtained within 4 weeks [+/-3 days] prior to study entry)
Alkaline phosphatase =< 2.5 x ULN with the following exception: patients with documented bone metastases: alkaline phosphatase =< 5 x ULN (obtained within 4 weeks [+/-3 days] prior to study entry)
Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min on the basis of the Cockcroft-Gault glomerular filtration rate estimation (obtained within 4 weeks [+/-3 days] prior to study entry)
Measurable disease per RECIST v1.1 and/or per direct clinical measurements for primary tumors upon a variance between clinical and radiographic evaluation
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
International normalized ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 x ULN (This applies only to patients who do not receive therapeutic anticoagulation; patients receiving therapeutic anticoagulation [such as low-molecular-weight heparin or warfarin] should be on a stable dose.)
No evidence of distant metastases and measurable disease (> 1.5 cm)

Exclusion Criteria

Any approved anticancer therapy, including chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or radiotherapy, within 3 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment; however, the following are allowed: Hormone-replacement therapy; palliative radiotherapy for bone metastases > 2 weeks prior to cycle 1, day 1
Adverse events (AEs) from prior anticancer therapy that have not resolved to grade =< 1 except for alopecia
Bisphosphonate therapy for symptomatic hypercalcemia
Use of bisphosphonate therapy for other reasons (e.g., osteoporosis) is allowed
Patients with acute leukemias, accelerated/blast phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
Pregnancy, lactation, or breastfeeding
chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Burkitt lymphoma, plasma cell leukemia, or non-
Known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other recombinant human antibodies
secretory myeloma
Inability to comply with study and follow-up procedures
History or risk of autoimmune disease, including but not limited to systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjogren's syndrome, Bell's palsy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune thyroid disease, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis. Patients with a history of autoimmune hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid replacement hormone may be eligible. Patients with controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus on a stable insulin regimen may be eligible
Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus of vitiligo with dermatologic manifestations only (e.g., patients with psoriatic arthritis would be excluded) are permitted provided that they meet the following conditions: Patients with psoriasis must have a baseline ophthalmologic exam to rule out ocular manifestations; Rash must cover less than 10% of body surface area (BSA); Disease is well controlled at baseline and only requiring low potency topical steroids (e.g., hydrocortisone 2.5%, hydrocortisone butyrate 0.1%, fluocinolone 0.01%, desonide 0.05%, alclometasone dipropionate 0.05%); No acute exacerbations of underlying condition within the last 12 months (not requiring psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation [PUVA], methotrexate, retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors; high potency or oral steroids)
History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonitis (including drug induced), organizing pneumonia (i.e., bronchiolitis obliterans, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, etc.), or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest computed tomography (CT) scan
Active tuberculosis
History of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field [fibrosis] is permitted
Severe infections within 4 weeks prior to cycle 1, day 1, including but not limited to hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia
Any other diseases, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical
Signs or symptoms of infection as determined by the treating team within 2 weeks prior to cycle 1, day 1
laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that
contraindicates the use of an investigational drug or that may affect the
Major surgical procedure within 28 days prior to cycle 1, day 1
interpretation of the results or render the patient at high risk from
treatment complications
History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or active hepatitis B (chronic or acute) or hepatitis C infection
Continued sexual activity in men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to practice highly effective contraception during the study and until 6 months after the last dose of study drug (highly effective contraceptive measures include stable use of oral contraceptives such as combined estrogen and progestogen and progestogen only hormonal contraception or other prescription pharmaceutical contraceptives for 2 or more menstrual cycles prior to screening; intrauterine device [IUD]; intrauterine hormone-releasing system [IUS]; bilateral tubal ligation; vasectomy, and sexual abstinence). (Contraception is not required for men with documented vasectomy Postmenopausal women must be amenorrheic for at least 12 months in order not to be considered of childbearing potential. Pregnancy testing and contraception are not required for women with documented hysterectomy or tubal ligation.)
Patients with past or resolved hepatitis B infection; defined as having a negative hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) test and a positive anti-HBc (antibody to hepatitis B core antigen) antibody test, are eligible
Prior treatment with anti-PD-1, or anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibody or pathway targeting agents. Patients who have received prior treatment with anti-CTLA-4 may be enrolled, provided the following requirements are met: Minimum of 12 weeks from the first dose of anti-CTLA-4 and > 6 weeks from the last dose. No history of severe immune-related adverse effects from anti-CTLA 4 (National Cancer Institute [NCI] Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] grade 3 and 4)
Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is negative for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA)
Treatment with systemic immunostimulatory agents (including but not limited to interferon [IFN] or interleukin [IL]-2) within 6 weeks or five half-lives of the drug (whichever is shorter) prior to cycle 1, day 1
Treatment with investigational agent within 4 weeks prior to cycle 1, day 1 (or within five half lives of the investigational product, whichever is longer)
Patients with prior allogeneic bone marrow transplantation or prior solid organ transplantation
Received oral or IV antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to cycle 1, day 1
Patients receiving prophylactic antibiotics (e.g., for prevention of a urinary tract infection or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) are eligible
Patients with prior treatment with idelalisib
Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks before cycle 1, day 1 or anticipation that such a live, attenuated vaccine will be required during the study
Influenza vaccination should be given during influenza season only (approximately October to March). Patients must not receive live, attenuated influenza vaccine (e.g., FluMist) within 4 weeks prior to cycle 1, day 1 or at any time during the study
Malignancies other than the disease under study within 5 years prior to cycle 1, day
with the exception of those with a negligible risk of metastasis or death
and with expected curative outcome (such as adequately treated carcinoma in
situ of the cervix, basal or squamous cell skin cancer, localized prostate
cancer treated surgically with curative intent, or ductal carcinoma in situ
treated surgically with curative intent) or undergoing active surveillance per
standard-of-care management (e.g., chronic lymphocytic leukemia Rai Stage 0
prostate cancer with Gleason score =< 6, and prostate-specific antigen [PSA]
=< 10 mg/mL, etc.)
Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medications (including but not limited to prednisone, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti-tumor necrosis factor [anti-TNF] agents) within 2 weeks prior to cycle 1, day 1
Patients who have received acute, low dose, systemic immunosuppressant medications (e.g., a one-time dose of dexamethasone for nausea) may be enrolled
The use of inhaled corticosteroids and mineralocorticoids (e.g., fludrocortisone) for patients with orthostatic hypotension or adrenocortical insufficiency is allowed
History of severe allergic, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to
chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins
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