Selinexor With Combination With Induction/Consolidation Therapy in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jun 5, 2024
  • participants needed
    100
  • sponsor
    Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Updated on 5 June 2022

Summary

This pilot phase II trial studies how well selinexor works when given together with induction, consolidation, and maintenance therapy in treating older patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Selinexor may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cytarabine and daunorubicin hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Selinexor with induction, consolidation, and maintenance therapy may kill more cancer cells in older patients with acute myeloid leukemia.

Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare the overall survival of patients receiving the proposed study regimen versus standard of care (defined as time from randomization to death from any cause).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare the response rate (Complete remission (CR), complete remission with incomplete count recovery (CRi) as per Dhoner et. al.) of patients receiving the proposed study regimen versus standard of care (SOC).

II To compare disease free survival in patients receiving the proposed study regimen vs standard of care (defined as time from randomization to relapse or death from any cause).

III. To assess the rate of allogeneic stem cell transplantation

IV. To compare the toxicity of the proposed study regimen vs standard of care.

OUTLINE

INDUCTION THERAPY: Patients receive cytarabine intravenously (IV) on days 1-7, daunorubicin hydrochloride IV on days 1-3, and selinexor orally (PO) twice weekly from day 1. Treatment continues for 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

RE-INDUCTION THERAPY: Patients whose disease has not responded receive cytarabine IV on days 1-5, daunorubicin hydrochloride IV on days 1-2, and selinexor PO twice weekly. Treatment continues for 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

CONSOLIDATION THERAPY: Patients in remission receive cytarabine IV every 12 hours on days 1-3, and selinexor PO twice weekly from day 1. Treatment repeats every 42 days for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 14 days and then every 3 months for up to 1 year.

Details
Condition Untreated Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Treatment cytarabine, daunorubicin hydrochloride, Selinexor
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02835222
SponsorWake Forest University Health Sciences
Last Modified on5 June 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have histologically or cytologically documented newly diagnosed de novo Acute Myeloid Leukemia (non-APL) that has not yet been treated. Hydrea and ATRA previous treatments are acceptable
Patients must not have a secondary AML (defined as a history of prior radiation therapy or systemic chemotherapy, CMML or MDS not treated with a hypomethylating agent) however history of previous MDS treated with a hypomethylating agent IS allowed
Patients with core binding factor acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (ie AML with t(8;21) or t(16;16) or i16) are not eligible
Patients with de novo AML must not have partial or total monosomy 5 or 7 or i(17q) or t(17p). Negative FISH studies are sufficient for enrollment
Age >18 years
Patients ≤60 years of age must not have mutated FLT3 (either ITD OR TKD mutations). For patients >60 years of age FLT3 status is not required to be known and if older than 60 years of age FLT3 mutated patients are eligible
ECOG performance status of ≤ 2 and fit for induction therapy in the opinion of the treating physician
Hydroxyurea or cytarabine may be used to control leukocytosis, provided that it is without Grade >2 non-hematologic toxicity, and can be taken until start of therapy
Laboratory values ≤2 weeks must be
AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT)≤ 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
Bilirubin ≤ 2 X ULN (3X if known history of Gilbert'syndrome)
Creatinine clearance (CrCl) must be > 20 mL/min
Baseline left ventricular ejection fraction of at least 40% by MUGA or ECHO
Female patients of childbearing potential must agree to use 2 methods of contraception (including 1 highly effective and 1 effective method of contraception) and have a negative serum pregnancy test at Screening. Male patients must use an effective barrier method of contraception if sexually active with a female of childbearing potential. For both male and female patients, effective methods of contraception must be used throughout the study and for 3 months following the last dose of study treatment
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign an IRB-approved informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria

Patients who have received any therapy other than hydroxyurea or ATRA with the purpose of treating their AML or patients with core binding factor AML or Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia are not eligible
Patients with a secondary AML (defined as a history of prior radiation therapy or systemic chemotherapy, CMML or MDS not treated with a hypomethylating agent) however history of previous MDS treated with a hypomethylating agent IS allowed
Patients having received prior radiotherapy, treatment with cytotoxic agents, treatment with biologic agents or any anti-cancer therapy for a non-AML malignancy within the 4 weeks prior to treatment with selinexor, or those who have not fully recovered from the acute, non-hematological, non-infectious toxicities of any prior treatment with cytotoxic drugs, radiotherapy or other anti-cancer modalities (returned to baseline status as noted before most recent treatment)
Patients with another active malignancy that requires treatment excluding non-melanoma skin cancers
Patients that have received a chemotherapy regimen with stem cell support in the previous 6 months
Patients with known central nervous system involvement should be excluded from this clinical trial because the penetration of selinexor into the CNS is not currently known
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to selinexor
Uncontrolled concurrent illness including, but not limited to symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, or cardiac arrhythmia
Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Patients with known HIV infection or hepatitis (Note: Patients with known HIV infection are excluded because patients with an immune deficiency are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy
Pregnant women are excluded from this study because of the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother, breastfeeding should be discontinued
Patients unable to swallow tablets, patients with malabsorption syndrome, or any other GI disease or GI dysfunction that could interfere with absorption of study treatment
Prior exposure to a SINE compound
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