Last updated on May 2019

Conditioning Regimen for Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Transplantation


Brief description of study

In this study, the investigators test 2 dose levels of thiotepa (5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg) added to the backbone of targeted reduced dose IV busulfan, fludarabine and rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (rATG) to determine the minimum effective dose required for reliable engraftment for subjects undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for non-malignant disease.

Detailed Study Description

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the only curative choice for a number of inherited bone marrow failure syndromes, hemoglobinopathies, metabolic disorders and primary immune deficiencies. While survival of these patients is typically better than survival of patients with malignancies, toxicities of conditioning regimens and failure of engraftment remain challenges. Most children with non-malignant disorders present with normocellular or even hypercellular bone marrow, posing a barrier to engraftment and requiring intensive conditioning. Commonly used backbone of busulfan and fludarabine, although well tolerated, results in variable engraftment, in particular with mismatched unrelated donors and cord blood recipients. In this study, the investigators test 2 dose levels of thiotepa (5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg) added to the backbone of targeted reduced dose IV busulfan, fludarabine and rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (rATG) in order to determine the minimum effective dose required for reliable engraftment. Subjects are stratified in groups A and B based the risk of graft failure.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03513328

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