Pediatric Bronchiolitis Quality Improvement

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2022
  • participants needed
    4000
  • sponsor
    University of California, Davis
Updated on 26 April 2021
corticosteroids
antibacterial
respiratory distress
oximetry
cough
sneezing
bronchodilator
treatment guidelines
chest physiotherapy
acute bronchiolitis
viral bronchiolitis
continuous pulse oximetry

Summary

Bronchiolitis is a respiratory illness characterized by acute inflammation of the airways, typically caused by a virus. By definition, it impacts children between 2 months and 2 years of age and is the most common cause of hospitalization among infants in the first year of life (American Academy of Pediatrics). Children with this illness may exhibit respiratory distress, as well as symptoms of viral respiratory illness, such as sneezing, nasal congestion, and cough. Often, hospitalization is required for respiratory distress and to support hydration needs.

Evidence based guidelines for the treatment of acute viral bronchiolitis primarily involve supportive care, which most often includes supplemental oxygen, hydration, and suctioning of secretions. However, in practice, bronchiolitis care is highly variable, often involving therapies such as inhaled bronchodilators, systemic corticosteroids, inhaled hypertonic saline, continuous pulse oximetry, chest physiotherapy, antibacterial medications, and use of intravenous fluids, all of which have been shown to be unnecessary and costly. Unnecessary care remains although multiple published quality improvement studies centered on acute bronchiolitis have proven successful. Quality improvement interventions have shown reduced use of unnecessary treatments and reduced resource allocation. Therefore, the investigators will conduct a quality improvement process to improve adherence to bronchiolitis treatment guidelines for children with bronchiolitis treated at University of California Davis Children's Hospital.

Description

A multidisciplinary team, involving pediatric hospitalists, pediatric emergency physicians, residents, medical students, nurses and nurse managers, and respiratory therapists will be assembled. The investigators will participate in a value stream mapping process, to map out the current pediatric bronchiolitis care process and identify areas for improvement in efficiency and effectiveness. The investigators will then begin the iterative process of implementing improvements to the bronchiolitis care process. Interventions will be evidence-based and designed to improve compliance with bronchiolitis care guidelines, as set forth by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Examples of possible interventions may include creation of a bronchiolitis admission order set, implementation of an evidence-based bronchiolitis clinical pathway, and/or institution of standardized bronchiolitis discharge criteria. Interventions will be implemented in a stepwise fashion, utilizing successive plan-do-study-act cycles, with a minimum 2 month period between interventions to monitor outcomes. The investigators will track utilization of diagnostic testing and treatments within our intervention group, as compared to historical controls who also meet inclusion criteria.

Details
Condition Bronchitis, Bronchiolitis, Bronchitis (Pediatric)
Treatment Bronchiolitis quality improvement
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03528083
SponsorUniversity of California, Davis
Last Modified on26 April 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Children less than 2 years of age admitted to UC Davis Children's Hospital with any diagnosis of bronchiolitis

Exclusion Criteria

Children or adults greater than 2 years of age
Children born at less than 35 weeks gestational age
Children with underlying illnesses, such as chronic lung disease, congenital heart disease, other congenital anomalies including airway anomalies, or immunodeficiencies
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a site
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar
Name

Primary Contact

site
Name

0/250
Preferred Language
Other Language
Please verify that you are not a bot.

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note