A First-in-Human Study of alpha1H in Patients With Non-muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

  • End date
    Dec 25, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Hamlet Pharma AB
Updated on 4 March 2022


This study evaluates the tolerability and preliminary anti-tumour effect of alpha1H in adults with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer, who are awaiting transurethral surgery.

In the main, blinded part of the study, one group of subjects will receive treatment with alpha1H and the other half will receive placebo. In a second, dose-escalation part of the study, a third and fourth group of subjects will receive increased doses of alpha1H.

The treatment is given on 6 occasions during a period of 22 days. The study duration is 8 - 12 weeks including scheduled follow-up and up to 27 months when an optional 24-months non-interventional follow-up period is included.


Protein-lipid complexes represent a new type of tumouricidal biologicals, with broad effects against cancers of different origins. The investigational product alpha1H is a synthetic peptide, corresponding to the alpha1 domain of -lactalbumin, in complex with oleic acid. Alpha1H is a further development product of HAMLET, a complex between human alpha-lactalbumin and oleic acid, which has shown broad anti-tumor activity with a high degree of selectivity.

This study is a combined phase 1/2, placebo controlled, double blind study in subjects with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer awaiting transurethral resection of bladder (TURB). The first, main part of the study is randomized 1/1 and the subjects will receive intravesical instillation of either alpha1H or placebo on 6 occasions during a period of 22 days (on days 1, 3, 5, 8, 15 and 22). In a second, open, dose-escalation (DE) part of the study, two additional groups will receive increased doses of alpha1H in a standard 3+3 design in order to determine a Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) or alternatively, a Maximum Administered Dose (MAD). The same treatment schedule as in part 1 will be followed. One group will receive a dose of 5 times the original dose and, if tolerated, the last group will receive a dose of 10 times the original dose.

Cell shedding is quantified and characterized at each treatment occasion. The bladder tumors are characterized prior treatment and prior to the scheduled surgery. Remaining tumors will be removed by TURB (according to European Association of Urology (EAU) Guidelines recommendations) and tissues will be obtained for analyses.

A follow-up Visit will take place 30 days after the last administration of study treatment.

The total study duration of the main study is 8 - 12 weeks. After the main study, the subjects may continue in an optional extended 24-months follow-up period.

Condition Non-muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer
Treatment Placebo, alpha1H, alpha1H, 7.4 mg/mL, alpha1H, 37 mg/mL, alpha1H, 74 mg/mL
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03560479
SponsorHamlet Pharma AB
Last Modified on4 March 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patient with non-muscle invasive papillary bladder cancer (NMIBC) based on cystoscopy appearance, on the waiting list for TURB
Negative pregnancy test in women of childbearing potential
Appropriate methods of contraception in women of childbearing potential during study
Patients should be able to keep the content of the bladder for at least one hour

Exclusion Criteria

Patient with a previous history of muscle invasive bladder cancer
Patient with a history of NMIBC with an interval shorter than 6 months after previous TURB
Previous intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) immunotherapy in the last 12 months
Previous intravesical chemotherapy in the last 12 months
Participants with any other cancer diagnosis within the last 5 years (except of skin basaliomas)
Acute urinary tract infection
Participants with prior radiotherapy or systemic chemotherapy
Participants receiving any other investigational agent or non-marketed product one month prior to Visit 1 and during the trial
Any concurrent illness that may render a participant ineligible or limit compliance with study requirements
Previously enrolled in this trial
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