Switch to Genvoya Followed by HCV Therapy With Epclusa Followed by Simplification of HIV Therapy With Biktarvy in Patients With HIV-HCV Co-Infected Subjects on Opioid Substitution Therapy

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jun 22, 2021
  • participants needed
    25
  • sponsor
    Saskatchewan Health Authority - Regina Area
Updated on 23 January 2021
opioid
antiretroviral
antiretroviral agents
antiretroviral therapy
tenofovir
emtricitabine
cobicistat
emtricitabine/tenofovir
elvitegravir
antiviral
elisa
western blot
buprenorphine
antiviral therapy
methadone
substitution therapy
antiretrovirals
fibrosis
antiviral drugs
opioid substitution
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
sofosbuvir
velpatasvir
opioid substitution treatment
antiviral agents
hiv therapy
sofosbuvir/velpatasvir
opiate substitution treatment

Summary

The study hypothesis is to determine the feasibility of switching HIV-HCV co-infected patients receiving methadone or buprenorphine/naloxone as opioid substitution therapy with suppressed HIV RNA viral load on current antiretroviral therapy to elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (E/C/F/TAF, Genvoya) followed by 12 weeks of HCV antiviral therapy with sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (SOF/VEL, Epclusa), followed then by switch to bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (B/F/TAF, Biktarvy) for an additional 48 weeks.

Description

This clinical study is a phase IV, prospective, open-label study that is being conducted in 25 participants over the age of 18 on stable antiretroviral therapy with documented HIV viral suppression who have received opioid substitution therapy (OST) for at least three months. The study is designed to assess the feasibility of the switch from a participant's current antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen to Genvoya, followed shortly thereafter by initiation of Epclusa for treatment of HCV co-infection with subsequent optimization of the ART regimen to Biktarvy in patients co-infected with HIV and HCV receiving methadone or buprenorphine/naloxone as OST. Participants will be recruited from the Infectious Diseases Clinic (IDC) in Regina, a tertiary referral site that cares for a large number of patients living with HIV and viral hepatitis.

Eligible participants will have baseline investigations performed, including measures of renal parameters and bone mineral densitometry, and will be switched from their current antiretroviral regimen to Genvoya for the first 12 weeks of the study. Various reasons for switching may play a role in clinician decision-making, including simplification, improved tolerability, an improved metabolic risk profile, etc. The primary drawbacks to Genvoya in clinical practice include the potential for drug-drug interactions due to the presence of cobicistat, and the relatively low so-called "genetic barrier" of resistance, meaning that sub-optimal adherence may be more likely to result in antiretroviral resistance. Participants must already be fully suppressed at the time of screening to be enrolled in the study, as well as having been stable on OST for at least three months, in order to reduce the risk of poor adherence.

After the switch to Genvoya occurs, participants will be seen at weeks 1 and 4 to assess for adverse events, including any changes in OST dosing. Laboratory testing will be performed as per standard of care with CD4 counts and HIV viral loads checked at weeks 4 and 12 to ensure stable virologic suppression following switch of ART. After 12 weeks of Genvoya, provided that participants remain stably suppressed in terms of their HIV, they will then receive 12 weeks of Epclusa to treat their chronic HCV infection while continuing to take Genvoya. Participants are allowed to have any HCV genotype and may have stage 0-4 liver fibrosis as assessed by transient elastography, but may not have decompensated cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. Participants will be followed at weeks 13, 16 and 24 with clinical assessments performed, and repeat HCV viral loads at weeks 16 and 24 (end of HCV treatment) as per standard of care. Participants will be seen at weeks 36 and 48 and have their HCV viral loads performed to determine whether they have achieved a sustained virologic response 12 and 24 weeks following end of HCV therapy, which defines HCV cure. Bone mineral densitometry will be performed at week 48 to determine any interval change in bone mineral density has occurred between study initiation and week 48.

After the 48 weeks of treatment with Genvoya, participants who agree will be switched to a modern unboosted ARV regimen consisting of Biktarvy through a 48 week extension phase. Biktarvy is approved by Health Canada as an unboosted integrase-inhibitor based single-tablet regimen with once-daily dosing and a small pill size, which facilitates adherence to treatment. Due to the presence of bictegravir, Biktarvy is likely to have a higher "genetic barrier" of resistance than Genvoya, and the lack of boosting significantly decreases the risk of drug-drug interactions. During the extension phase, participants will be seen at weeks 49, 52, 60, 72. 84 and 96 for clinical assessments with HIV viral loads, CD4 counts and standard of care laboratory testing. Bone mineral densitometry will be performed at week 96 to determine any interval change in bone mineral density has occurred between study initiation and week 96.

At each visit, participants will see a study coordinator and have vital signs performed, a review of their concurrent medications including any changes in their methadone dosing, review for any adverse events, and weight and height measurements. Laboratory investigations and urine drug screens will be performed as per current standards of care. Validated questionnaires assessing whether the participant is having any symptoms or signs of opioid withdrawal or overdose as well as determining treatment satisfaction with their new antiretroviral regimen. will be administered at each visit. Each visit is anticipated to take approximately 60-90 minutes, and the appointment for bone mineral density testing will take no longer than 2 hours to complete with waiting time included. All study medication will be provided during study period but not after study completion.

At study conclusion, demographic and other baseline variables will be summarized using percentage, mean, median, standard deviation and interquartile range as appropriate. The proportion of subjects achieving the various endpoints and the associated 95% confident interval will be calculated. Adverse events will be summarized by grade and relationship to treatment in addition to presenting the data in a listing format.

Details
Condition Osteopenia, Drug abuse, Opioid Dependence, Chronic viral hepatitis C, Viral infection, Opioid Use Disorder, HCV Coinfection, Co-infection, Intravenous Drug Usage, HIV-1-infection, Methadone Dependence, HIV/AIDS, Co-infection, Substance Abuse, Drug use, Viral Infections, Buprenorphine Dependence, HIV-1-infection, HIV/AIDS, Co-infection, co-infections, mixed infections, polymicrobial infection, opiate dependence, HIV-1-infection, HIV/AIDS
Treatment Epclusa, Genvoya, Biktarvy
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03549312
SponsorSaskatchewan Health Authority - Regina Area
Last Modified on23 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Is your age greater than or equal to 18 yrs?
Gender: Male or Female
Do you have any of these conditions: Drug abuse or Buprenorphine Dependence or Opioid Dependence or Chronic viral hepatitis C or HIV-1-infection or HCV Coinfection or Methadone Dependence...?
Do you have any of these conditions: co-infections or Buprenorphine Dependence or Opioid Dependence or HIV-1-infection or Substance Abuse or HIV/AIDS or Drug use or mixed infections or Co...?
Male and Females, 18 years or older
HIV infected (ELISA with western blot confirmation)
HCV RNA positive for minimum of 6 months / Genotype 1-6
Prescribed a combination ART regimen (cART) that may include any DHHS recommended or alternative regimens, which the treating physician considers is appropriate for their patient, except E/C/F/TAF or B/F/TAF at any point previously
HIV RNA 50 c/mL at screening and 200 c/mL for at least 3 months prior to screening
CD4 200 cells/uL at screening
Stage 0 to 4 fibrosis
On methadone or buprenorphine/naloxone as OST for at least 3 months prior to screening and deemed stable on OST by the investigator
Treatment nave to all anti-HCV therapy, or treatment experienced but with no previous exposure to NS5A inhibitors
Ability to remain adherent to medications and study protocol as per investigator opinion
Must be willing and able to understand the requirements of study participation and provide signed and dated written informed consent prior to screening
Female subjects are willing to use acceptable methods of birth control as defined in the protocol

Exclusion Criteria

Have received any anti-HCV therapy previously with NS5A inhibitors. Previous treatment regimens allowed may include pegylated interferon, ribavirin, 1st generation NS3/NS4 protease inhibitors (telaprevir or boceprevir), and sofosbuvir
Have any evidence of decompensated liver disease including ascites, esophageal or gastric variceal bleeding, hepatic encephalopathy, or other symptoms suggestive of advanced liver disease. For cirrhotic patients with Child-Pugh Class B or C or with Pugh-Turcotte (CPT) score greater than 6 must be excluded
Co-infection with hepatitis B
Has cirrhosis and liver imaging within 6 months of Day 1 showing evidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), or is under evaluation for HCC
Concomitant use of drugs with contraindication or drug-interactions with E/C/F/TAF on Day 1 visit or B/F/TAF on Week 48/0E visit. However, the use of any concomitant drugs with contraindication with SOF/VEL are to be stopped during the weeks of treatment (i.e. week 12-24), and only after the Principal Investigator's permission, may the use of these drugs may be continued or restarted after week 24 visit (i.e. end of SOF/VEL therapy)
Have any active contraindication to the use of methadone, as listed in the product monograph for methadone and listed below, unless deemed acceptable based on the Principal Investigator's judgement
Patients who are hypersensitive to the active substance (methadone hydrochloride) or other opioid analgesics or to any ingredient in the formulation
Patients with a known or suspected mechanical gastrointestinal obstruction
Patients with a suspected surgical abdomen
Patients with acute asthma or other obstructive airway, and status asthmaticus
Patients with acute respiratory depression, elevated carbon dioxide levels in the blood, and corpulmonale
Patients with acute alcoholism, delirium tremors, and convulsive disorders
Patients with severe central nervous system depression, increased cerebrospinal or intracranial pressure, and head injury
Patients taking monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors (or within 14 days of such therapy)
Patients with diarrhea associated with pseudomembranous colitis caused by cephalosporins, lincomycins (including topical clindamycin) or penicillin, or to patients having diarrhea caused by poisoning, until toxic material has been eliminated from the gastrointestinal tract
Concomitant use of alcohol to a degree deemed by the investigator to be dangerous in conjunction with administration of methadone
Has documented historic resistance to any of the components of E/C/F/TAF or B/F/TAF
Has an eGFR (by MDRD equation) < 30 mL/min/1.73m2
Is pregnant, breast-feeding, or planning or suspected to get pregnant
Has any reason, in the opinion of the investigator, which would make the candidate inappropriate for participation in an investigative study involving oral medications
Involved in any other interventional HIV or HCV study during the study period
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