Feasibility of Neo-adjuvant Versus Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma (URANUS)

  • End date
    Oct 21, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    The European Uro-Oncology Group
Updated on 21 April 2022


The aim of this study is to explore feasibility of Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma (UTUC) treatments based in real world data in various European countries. The study will allow to gain insight in the true proportion of patients that fit to receive complete cisplatin-based neo-adjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy, and the proportion and clinical outcome of patients with poor prognostic factors (PS and renal function) who receive only standard treatment (Radical nephroureterectomy (RNU)). This comparison will be made using a uniform diagnostic and treatment protocol.


There are no definitive treatment recommendations for patients diagnosed with UTUC. Radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) has been considered the gold standard treatment for UTUC. However due to the high recurrence rates reported, patients are often offered perioperative chemotherapy provided that they have a good renal function and performance status. With regard to the choice of chemotherapy treatment, there are also no clear recommendations since there are no data from randomized studies. If perioperative chemotherapy is considered in daily practice, gemcitabine/cisplatin regimen is often chosen and occasionally dd-MVAC.

The aim of this study is to explore feasibility of UTUC treatments based in real world data in various European countries. Patients who fulfil good prognostic factors (inclusion criteria for treatment randomization) will be allocated to neo-adjuvant (Arm B) or adjuvant (Arm C) chemotherapy (receiving 3 cycles of gemcitabine/cisplatin or dose dense Methotrexate, Vinblastine, Adriamycin, and Cisplatin (MVAC). Patients who don't fulfil criteria for treatment randomization will undergo Radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) only (Arm A). Patients will be followed up for 5 years.

Condition Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma
Treatment Gemcitabine/Cisplatin, RNU, M-VAC Protocol
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02969083
SponsorThe European Uro-Oncology Group
Last Modified on21 April 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Written informed consent
Age > 18 years
Histological and radiological defined UTUC: Histologically-confirmed diagnosis of predominantly urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract Patients with UTUC cT2-pT4 cN0-N1 M0 (TNM classification)
Women with negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days of first dose of study treatment and agreement to use effective contraception
Patients without bladder cancer or with concomitant non muscle invasive bladder cancer
Adequate organ system function defined as follows: Hematologic: Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) 1.5 X 109/L; Haemoglobin 5.6 mmol/L (9.02g/dL); Platelets 100 X 109/L; Prothrombin time (PT) or international normalized ratio (INR)b 1.2 X ULN; Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT)1.2 X Upper limit of normal (ULN). Hepatic: Total bilirubin 1.5 X ULN; Alanine amino transferase (ALT) and Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) 2.5 X ULN. Renal: GRF <or> 55 ml/min: Electrolytes: potassium and calcium: within normal limits
CT scan of the chest, abdomen and pelvis and Bone scan without evidence of distant metastasis

Exclusion Criteria

Histology of pure adenocarcinoma, pure squamous cell carcinoma, sarcomatoid or predominant small cell carcinoma
History of cardiovascular conditions within the past 6 months
Incidentally found asymptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE) or recent deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is not an exclusion criteria but requires anticoagulation treatment
Any major contraindication to a surgical procedure
Any serious and/or unstable pre-existing medical, psychiatric, or other condition that could interfere with subject's safety, provision of informed consent, or compliance to study procedures
Active infection contraindicating chemotherapy
Other active neoplasms. Patients with in situ cervical carcinoma, non-melanoma skin cancer or prostate cancer T1 Gleason <7, Prostate specific antigen (PSA) <10\. Patients with past medical history of cancer can be included if diagnosed at least 4 years ago
Concomitant muscle invasive bladder cancer
Patients who have been or still are on methotrexate treatment
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