Last updated on March 2019

BARDA Securing Anthrax Immunity For the Elderly


Are you eligible to participate in this study?

You may be eligible for this study if you meet the following criteria:

  • Conditions: Anthrax vaccine | Anthrax | Bacillus anthracis
  • Age: Between 18 - 100 Years
  • Gender: Male or Female

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or nonpregnant females, 66 years of age or older at the time of randomization for the elderly population, or 18 through 50 years of age at the time of randomization for the younger population.
  2. Females who are of childbearing potential and are sexually active with a male partner must agree to use an acceptable method of birth control from Screening to Day 64 and must have used a reliable birth control method for at least 2 months prior to Screening.
  3. A female of childbearing potential is defined as post onset menarche and pre-menopausal female capable of becoming pregnant. This does not include females who meet any of the following conditions: menopausal >2 years, tubal ligation >1 year, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, or hysterectomy.
  4. Adequate contraception is defined as a contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year when used consistently and correctly and when applicable, in accordance with the product label. Examples include: oral contraceptives, either combined or progestogen alone; injectable progestogen; implants of etenogestrel or levonorgestrel; estrogenic vaginal ring; percutaneous contraceptive patches; intrauterine device or intrauterine system; male partner sterilization at least 6 months prior to the female subject's Screening Visit, and this male is the sole partner for that subject (the information on the male partner's sterility can come from the site personnel's review of the subject's medical records or interview with the subject on her medical history); male condom combined with a vaginal spermicide (foam, gel, film, cream, or suppository); male condom combined with a female diaphragm, either with or without a vaginal spermicide (foam, gel, film, cream, or suppository).
  5. Able to provide written informed consent prior to initiation of any study procedures. As part of the consent process, subjects must be able to demonstrate understanding by passing the "Assessment of Understanding Questionnaire" within 2 attempts. Passing is defined as being able to answer all questions correctly.
  6. In relatively stable health based on site investigator's judgment, as determined by medical history, physical examination, and the following criteria:
  7. Stable health for age (defined as no new conditions per medical history, new medications in a different therapeutic class, or change in daily dose of existing prescription medications within the 45 days preceding Screening). Effective treatment (to resolution) of an acute infection (e.g., urinary tract infection, cellulitis, otitis, or bronchitis) with an antibiotic within 45 days preceding Screening will not be considered a deviation from this inclusion criterion as long as the antibiotic therapy was completed at least one week prior to Screening and no signs or symptoms of the infection have been present since the completion of treatment. Any prescription change that is due to change of health care provider or insurance company, or that is made for reasons that do not reflect a change in disease status (e.g., financial considerations), as long as within the same general class of medication, will not be considered a deviation from this inclusion criterion. Any change in prescription medication due to improvement of a disease outcome, as determined by the site investigator, will not be considered a deviation from this inclusion criterion.
  8. Subjects may be on chronic or as needed (prn) medications if, in the opinion of the site investigator, these pose no additional risk to subject safety or assessment of reactogenicity and immunogenicity and their use is not for management of a worsening of medical diagnosis or condition. Note: Topical, nasal, and inhaled medications (with the exception of steroids, as outlined in the subject exclusion criteria) and vitamins are permitted.
  9. Have a body mass index (BMI) less than 35.0 kg/m2 at Screening. (BMI will not be reassessed prior to subsequent vaccinations.)
  10. Have access to a consistent and reliable means of telephone contact, which may be home, workplace, or by personal mobile electronic device.
  11. Are available and able to comply with all study visits.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Females who have a positive urine pregnancy test at Screening or within 24 hours prior to each study vaccination or women who are breastfeeding.
  2. Have a requirement for skilled nursing care.
  3. Have a history of severe reactions to components of AVA or CPG 7909, e.g., formaldehyde, benzethonium chloride (phemerol), or aluminum.
  4. Have a history of latex sensitivity.
  5. Have a history of ever receiving a vaccine for anthrax prior to Screening, or had an anthrax infection.
  6. Have any medical, psychiatric, or social condition that, in the opinion of the site investigator, unfavorably alters the risk-benefit of subject participation, or is likely to interfere with study compliance or assessments, or is likely to confound interpretation of safety or immunogenicity data.
  7. Have any diagnosis, current or past, of a potentially immune-mediated medical condition, such as Guillain-Barr syndrome, narcolepsy, or an autoimmune or chronic inflammatory disease.
  8. Have any diagnosis, current or past, of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.
  9. Have been hospitalized for psychiatric illness, have a history of suicide attempt, or confinement for danger to self or others within the preceding 10 years prior to Screening and each study vaccination.
  10. Have a history of alcohol or drug abuse (per investigator's judgment) within 5 years prior to Screening and each study vaccination, or test positive for drugs of abuse at Screening (including for cannabis, even where legal). Benzodiazepines for anxiety disorders and stimulants for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are not exclusionary if the subject has been on a stable dose for more than 3 months prior to Screening and each study vaccination and if the subject can produce a valid, current prescription for the medication. Propoxyphene, opioids, or combinations containing these medications (including as used for opioid addiction) are not permitted regardless of prescription status. Note: A positive Screening urine drug screen may not be repeated. (Drug screen will not be repeated prior to subsequent vaccinations.)
  11. Have known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or acute or chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection based on medical history; or test positive for any of these at Screening. Subjects who have been effectively treated for hepatitis C, as evidenced by a negative hepatitis C ribonucleic acid (RNA) confirmation test and who no longer require antiviral therapy, are eligible for participation. (Screening tests will not be repeated prior to subsequent vaccinations.)
  12. Have known active neoplastic disease or a history of any hematologic malignancy. However, subjects with superficial skin cancer who do not require intervention other than local excision are not excluded.
  13. Have immunosuppression as a result of an underlying illness or treatment, or use of anticancer chemotherapy (cytotoxic) or radiation therapy within 3 years prior to Screening and each study vaccination.
  14. Have taken any systemic immunosuppressive agents, including immunomodulators, 6 months prior to Screening and each study vaccination. Allergen immunotherapy (desensitization) is not exclusionary. Allergen immunotherapy (desensitization) does not include systemic antibodies such as benralizumab, mepolizumab, or omalizumab; these are exclusionary.
  15. Are suffering from or have a history of neuralgia, paresthesia, or neuritis within 90 days prior to Screening and each study vaccination; or have any history of stroke.
  16. Have had convulsions or encephalomyelitis within three years prior to Screening and each study vaccination.
  17. Have received immunoglobulin or other blood products (with the exception of Rho[D] immune globulin) within 90 days prior to Screening and each study vaccination.
  18. Have received an experimental agent within 180 days prior to the first study vaccination, or expects to participate in another clinical trial with an interventional agent during the study period. This includes licensed or unlicensed vaccines, drugs, biologics, devices, blood products, or medications. Participation in an observational study is not exclusionary as long as it doesn't interfere with study visits or procedures (e.g., blood collection volume restrictions).
  19. Have taken oral or parenteral corticosteroids of any dose within 30 days prior to each study vaccination.
  20. Have taken high-dose inhaled corticosteroids within 30 days prior to each study vaccination. High-dose is defined as >800 mcg/day of beclomethasone dipropionate or equivalent. Lower doses of inhaled corticosteroids are not exclusionary.
  21. Have received any licensed live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first study vaccination or planned receipt from the first study vaccination through Visit 10 (Day 64).
  22. Have received any licensed inactivated vaccine within 14 days prior to the first study vaccination or planned receipt from the first study vaccination through Visit 10 (Day 64).
  23. Have an acute illness, as determined by the site investigator, within 72 hours prior to each study vaccination.
  24. If subject's oral temperature is above 100.0F (37.8C), the subject may be re-assessed for eligibility within the visit window (+3 Days).
  25. An acute illness that is nearly resolved, with only minor residual symptoms remaining, is allowable if, in the opinion of the site investigator, the residual symptoms will not interfere with the ability of study staff to assess safety parameters as required by the protocol.
  26. For bacterial infections that have been successfully treated with antibiotics, inclusion criterion 4a applies.
  27. Have a history of myocardial infarction or ischemia, or have electrocardiogram (ECG) findings of myocardial infarction, ischemia, strain, complete bundle branch block, or ventricular arrhythmias (other than unifocal premature ventricular contractions 2/minute). Additionally, other cardiac history or ECG findings, which in the opinion of the investigator represent a potentially unstable or unacceptably high risk of an adverse cardiac outcome, are exclusionary. (ECG will not be repeated prior to subsequent vaccinations.)
  28. Have any laboratory test result or clinical findings (including vital signs) that singly or in combination are, in the investigator's opinion, likely to unfavorably alter the risk-benefit of subject participation or to confound study safety or immunogenicity results. Additionally, the following are exclusionary:
  29. Any clinically significant Grade 3 laboratory or vital sign result, or any Grade 4 laboratory or vital sign result (regardless of assessed significance) at Screening. For subsequent vaccinations, abnormal laboratory results and vital sign results postvaccination will be assessed against the rules for early termination of dosing.
  30. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) >2 times the upper limit of normal (ULN), or bilirubin >1.5 times the ULN unless isolated Gilbert's syndrome.
  31. Creatinine >1.5 times ULN for age and sex.
  32. White blood cell count <3,000/L or >12,500/L; absolute neutrophil count <1200/L; absolute lymphocyte count <750/L; hemoglobin <10 g/dL females, or <11.5 g/dL males; platelet count <75,000/L.
  33. Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) >7.0% at Screening. (HbA1C will not be repeated prior to subsequent vaccinations.)

Subjects cannot be rescreened for exclusionary laboratory test results. Potentially exclusionary vital sign results may be repeated, but unless they have resolved to a Grade 3 designation or less and are not considered clinically significant, the subject should be excluded. The most recent laboratory and vital sign results will be used when determining eligibility for subsequent vaccinations.

Recruitment Status: Closed


Brief Description Eligibility Contact Research Team


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