Last updated on May 2018

Topical Minoxidil Versus Topical Glyceryl Trinitrate in Treatment of Chronic Anal Fissure

Brief description of study

This randomized trial aims to compare two topical treatments in the treatment of chronic anal fissure: minoxidil gel and glycreyl trintrate cream. The endpoint of the study is the duration of healing of anal fissure whereas secondary endpoints include adverse effects of each treatment and recurrence of anal fissure

Detailed Study Description

All participants who fulfill the inclusion criteria and give consent for participation in the trial and will be included and randomly assigned to either group I (5% Minoxidil gel) or group II (0.2% GTN cream) with a 1:1 allocation. Randomization will be carried out using online software (Research Randomizer Version 4.0 at

Patients will receive the topical agent in unlabeled red or blue containers. The code of each color will be known to a pharmacist who will not take any part in patients' care, follow-up, data collection/analysis or accessing outcomes of the study. The investigators will be blinded to the nature of content of each container and the outcome assessor will not be aware of the study nature.

Interventions Eligible patients will be randomized into two equal groups: groups I will receive topical 5% Minoxidil gel (Minoxidil Forte 5% topical gel 60 gm; Pharmacare Egypt Co., Cairo, Egypt) and group II will receive topical 0.2% GTN cream (Nitoglycerine-Glycerile Tinitrade 0.2%, 30 gm; E.S.A.G Pharma Co., Cairo, Egypt). Both agents used in the study will be relabeled by a pharmacist who will not take any part in the study in terms of patients' care, follow-up, data collection/analysis or accessing outcomes. Both topical agents will be placed in identical containers of 60 gm and labeled with blue or red colors. The color code will remain undefined till the end of trial, data analysis, and interpretation of results except for the same pharmacist. The containers will be distributed to the patients by the outpatient's department nurse in the hospital.

Patients will be advised to apply approximately 2 cm of the gel/cream (equal to 3 gm) on the perianal area three times per day for 4 weeks. The first dose of drugs will be given at home on the same day of the first visit. During the first visit, patients will be taught to self-administer the topical gel/cream. The patients will be instructed to take laxatives to avoid constipation and to avoid using other topical preparations during the study period.

Follow-up Patients will be followed in the general and colorectal surgery outpatient clinics for a period of three months. Patients will be advised to visit the outpatient clinic every week for one month, then biweekly in the 2nd and 3rd months after starting treatment. In case of intolerable adverse events patients will be advised to visit the outpatient clinic at any other time point during the trial. At each visit the anal fissure will be inspected and the extent of healing will be assessed by a surgical resident who is unaware of the nature of the study. Patients will be asked about the improvement in their symptoms, particularly anal pain and bleeding. Pain will be measured at each visit by the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) ranging from no pain "0" to worst possible pain "10". Blood pressures will be measured and any decrease of > 15 mmHg from the basal pressure measured at the first visit will be considered significant. Adverse effects induced by the topical agents as itching, headache, palpitation, dizziness, excess perianal hair growth, and hypersensitivity reaction will be recorded. Itching will be assessed by 5-D pruritus scale. The continence state will be assessed using Wexner continence score.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03528772

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