Last updated on May 2018

Predictive Factors of Unpredicted Movement in Motor Evoked Potential

Brief description of study

The purpose of this study was to identify the predictive factors of unpredicted movement in motor evoked potential (MEP) during intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring in adult patients undergoing brain surgery.

Detailed Study Description

Despite advances in neuroendovascular techniques, several complications can occur by brain urgery. Therefore, for neurosurgeons and anesthesiologists, it is a major concern to describe and monitor surgical lesion for maintaining structural and functional integrity as well as achieving maximal cytoreduction in lesion, and modifying the management of patients on the process of surgery. For example, microvascular Doppler sonography, indocyanine green aniography, intraoperative digital subtraction angiography, and intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring (IONM) are used for this purpose.

The incidence of unpredictable and unacceptable movement is relative low. However, the results are so horrendous that they can cause injuries in site of rigid pin fixation of the head, cervical spine injuries, excessive surgical field movement, and deterioration of surgical outcome. However, risk factors associated with unpredictable and unacceptable movement remain unclear. Therefore, the aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate risk factors associated with unpredictable and unacceptable movement in the patients who underwent brain surgery with MEP monitoring under general anesthesia while using neuromuscular blocking agent.

The investigators recorded demographic data including age in years, sex, height in meters, weight in kilograms, body mass index (BMI in kg/m^2), ASA physical status class, diagnosed disease, performed surgical procedure, duration of anesthesia in minutes, duration of surgery in minutes, underlying disease (e.g. hypertension, diabetes, neurologic disease, respiratory disease), medications. Laboratory data was also collected including arterial blood gas analysis, hematocrit, hemoglobin, sodium, potassium, ionized calcium, ionized magnesium, and lactate. Unpredictable and unacceptable movement was defined as either the dangerous gross movement requiring the increase the continuous infusion rate of rocuronium in view of the surgeon, anesthesiologist, and neurophysiologic specialist or the shake of the surgical field requiring the increase the continuous infusion rate of rocuronium.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03489785

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