Last updated on May 2018

CAE Plus LAI in Individuals With Bipolar Disorder at Risk for Treatment Non-adherence (BD-CAEL)

Brief description of study

This is a prospective study using customized adherence enhancement (CAE) and long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotic in 30 individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) at risk for treatment non-adherence. The CAE approach is expected to improve treatment adherence, as well as improve BD symptoms, functioning and treatment attitudes among subjects with bipolar disorder.

Detailed Study Description

Oral Abilify (aripiprazole) is effective in the treatment of patients with BD when prescribed as an acute anti-manic agent and for the maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder. Abilify Maintena is an intramuscular (IM) depot formulation of oral aripiprazole (Abilify). Abilify Maintena appears to be as effective as standard oral Abilify and may maximize patient adherence. Recent clinical trials suggest that Abilify Maintena is effective for the treatment of patients with BD.

Customized Adherence Enhancement (CAE) is a brief behavioral intervention that improves adherence approximately 30% more than an educational control in adults with BD. The CAE program is a brief, practical intervention consisting of a series of up to four psychosocial treatment modules based upon an adult's unique adherence barriers: 1) Psychoeducation on BD Medications; 2) Communication with Providers; 3) Strategies to Enhance Medication Routines; and 4) Targeting Substance Use Problems with Modified Motivational Enhancement Therapy. Multiple studies conducted by these investigators has shown that CAE is effective in in treating poorly adherent BD adults.

In addition, studies by these investigators have shown that combining LAI + CAE dramatically improves adherence, symptoms and functional outcomes in people with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. In summary, LAI can maximize medication adherence, while CAE addresses individual barriers to sustained adherence and behavioral change. Combining LAI + CAE improves adherence, symptoms and functioning in high-risk people with primary psychotic disorders. The proposed project will test the efficacy of combining Abilify Maintena with CAE to help improve outcomes in poorly adherent patients with BD. Pilot data suggest that adherence with concomitantly prescribed psychotropic drugs improves with LAI + CAE. The findings have particular relevance to BD because many BD patients are on concomitant oral psychotropic drugs in addition to antipsychotic. Thus, it is expected that combining CAE with LAI will lead to a "halo effect" in that these BD patients will engage in their own care more broadly.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03408873

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