Clinical and Biological Activity of an Anti-PD-L1 (Atezolizumab) in Operable Localised Soft Tissue Sarcomas Patients to be Treated With Radiotherapy (RT-Immune)

  • End date
    Aug 1, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Centre Leon Berard
Updated on 24 April 2022
kidney function tests
neutrophil count
cancer chemotherapy
soft tissue sarcoma
undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma
myxoid liposarcoma


This multicentric, randomised, Phase II trial will use a pick-the-winner design in order to evaluate the clinical and biological activity of atezolizumab when combined with pre-operative or post-operative radiotherapy in STS patients.

Following Inform Consent Form (ICF) signature, eligible patients will be randomised (1:1:1) to receive:

  • Arm A: Radiotherapy followed by atezolizumab then surgery.
  • Arm B: Atezolizumab followed by surgery then radiotherapy.
  • Arm C: Radiotherapy then surgery followed by atezolizumab.

The sequence of the study treatments is different among the 3 study arms. However, the dose regimens will be the same:

  • Atezolizumab will be administered to all patients at the dose of 1200mg, by IV injection, for 2 cycles (Q3W).
  • Radiotherapy will be administered to all patients at the dose of 2Gy/day, 5 days per week, for a total of 5 weeks and 50Gy.
  • Surgery will be performed as per institutional practice.

Randomisation will be stratified according to histological subtypes as follows:

Group 1: Liposarcoma (LPS), Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma (UPS), Leiomyosarcoma (LMS), myxofibrosarcoma, angiosarcoma versus Group 2: all translocation sarcoma except Ewing, rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) and myxoid LPS.


This trial is a European, multicenter, open-label, randomized, Phase II trial using a pick-the-winner design aiming to the clinical and biological activity of anti-PD-L1 (atezolizumab) in a population of operable localised soft tissue sarcomas (STS) patients to be treated with radiotherapy.

Following inform consent signature and validation of eligibility criteria, patients will be randomized (1:1:1) into one of the 3 study arms:

  • Arm A: Pre-operative radiotherapy followed by 2 cycles of atezolizumab then surgery
  • Arm B: 2 cycles of atezolizumab followed by surgery then post-operative radiotherapy
  • Arm C: Pre-operative radiotherapy followed by surgery then 2 cycles of atezolizumab.

The sequence of treatment is different between the study arms, but the regimen of study treatments are the same. All randomized patients will received:

  • The conventionally fractionated radiotherapy regimen of 2 Gy, 5 days a week up to a total dose of 50 Gy over 5 weeks. Radiotherapy will be either pre-(Arms A and C) or post-(Arm B) operative.
  • Two cycles of atezolizumab (1200mg, IV, Q3W)
  • Surgery will be performed as per institutional practice.

Randomisation will be stratified according to histological subtypes as follows

  • Group 1: Leiomyosarcoma [LMS], Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma [UPS], Liposarcoma [LPS], myxofibrosarcoma, angiosarcoma versus
  • Group 2: all translocation sarcoma except Ewing, rhabdomyosarcoma RMS and myxoid LPS.

Following this sequence of treatment, all patients will be followed-up 2 weeks after the end of the treatment period then W18, W24 (=M6) then every 3 months until disease relapse, death, loss to follow-up. The minimal follow-up will be 1 year for the last randomized patient.

During the study period, the following tumor samples will be also collected for all randomized patients:

  • A de novo tumor biopsy before study treatment start (pre-treatment tumor sample)
  • A fragment of the surgery specimen.

Condition Sarcoma,Soft Tissue
Treatment Pre-operative radiotherapy followed by 2 cycles of atezolizumab then surgery, 2 cycles of atezolizumab followed by surgery then post-operative radiotherapy, Pre-operative radiotherapy followed by surgery then 2 cycles of atezolizumab.
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03474094
SponsorCentre Leon Berard
Last Modified on24 April 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Male or female patients aged ≥ 18 years at time of inform consent signature
Histologically confirmed soft tissue sarcoma including liposarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, myxofibrosarcoma, UPS, angiosarcoma, all translocation sarcoma except Ewing, rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), and myxoid liposarcoma (LPS)
Soft tissue sarcoma suitable for neoadjuvant RT and amenable to surgery with curative intent (high-grade non-metastatic tumors, intermediate and low-grade tumors greater than 5 cm)
Note: Patients with local relapsing disease amenable to surgery are eligible
Presence of at least one tumor lesion with a diameter ≥10 mm, visible by medical imaging and accessible to percutaneous or endoscopic sampling that permit core needle biopsy without unacceptable risk and suitable for retrieval of a minimum of three, but ideally 4, cores using a biopsy needle of at least 16-gauge
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) of 0 or 1 (Appendix 4)
Adequate end organs and bone marrow functions as defined below according to lab tests performed within 7 days before W1D1
Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 109/L
Platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L
Lymphocyte count ≥ 0.5 x 109/L
Bone marrow (without transfusion within 2 weeks before W1D1)
Serum creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min/1.73m2 (MDRD or CKD-EPI formula - Appendix 3)
Serum bilirubin < 1.5 × Upper Limit of Normal (ULN), with the following exception: Patients with known Gilbert disease who have serum bilirubin level ≤ 3 ULN may be enrolled
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 ULN
Renal function
INR and aPTT ≤ 1.5 ULN Note: This is applicable only for patients not receiving an anticoagulant treatment: patients receiving therapeutic anticoagulation must be on stable dose
Minimal wash-out period for prior treatments (minimal time required from the end date
Hepatic function
of prior treatment to W1D1)
Live attenuated vaccines > 30 days, Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist®) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed
Immunosuppressive medication > 28 days, with the exceptions of intranasal and inhaled corticosteroids or systemic corticosteroids at physiological doses, which are not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone, or an equivalent corticosteroid
Oral or IV antibiotics > 14 days
Major surgical procedure, open biopsy (excluding skin cancer resection and screening tumor biopsy), or significant traumatic injury > 14 days (the wound must have healed)
Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7
Any approved or investigational anti-cancer therapy, including chemotherapy, hormonal therapy or targeted therapy > 21 days
days before randomisation and must agree to use an effective form of
Systemic immunostimulatory agents > 28 days or five half-lives of the drug, whichever is longer
contraception from the time of the negative pregnancy test up to 5 months
after the last dose of atezolizumab (See Appendix 5)
Fertile men must agree to use an effective method of birth control during the study and for up to 5 months after the last dose of atezolizumab
Patient should understand, sign, and date the written voluntary informed consent form prior to any protocol-specific procedures performed. Patient should be able and willing to comply with study visits and procedures as per protocol
Patients must be covered by a medical insurance in country where applicable

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with evidence of metastatic disease, defined by the presence of any of the
Lesions that are discontinuous from the primary tumor
Lesions that are not regional lymph nodes
Lesions that do not share a body cavity with the primary tumor
Evidence by medical imagining (eg CT-scan) of metastatic disease
Patients with history of severe allergic or other hypersensitivity reactions to
Chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins
Biopharmaceuticals produced in Chinese hamster ovary cells, or
Any component of the atezolizumab formulation
Any approved anti-cancer systemic treatment including chemotherapy, hormonotherapy, biological therapy, immunotherapy other than atezolizumab
Any investigational agents
Patients using or requirement to use while on the study of any not permitted
Traditional herbal medicines since the ingredients of many herbal medicines are not fully studied and their use may result in unanticipated drug-drug interactions that may cause or confound assessment of toxicity
concomitant medications
Live vaccines. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, yellow fever, rabies, BCG, and typhoid (oral) vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g. Flu-Mist®) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed during the study active period
Patients with severe infections within 4 weeks prior to randomisation including but not limited to hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteraemia, or severe pneumonia
Immunostimulatory agents, including but not limited to IFN-α, IFN-γ, or IL-2, during the entire study. These agents, in combination with atezolizumab, could potentially increase the risk for autoimmune conditions. In addition, all patients (including those who discontinue the study early) should not receive other immunostimulatory agents for 10 weeks after the last dose of atezolizumab
Note: Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus, or vitiligo
Immunosuppressive medications, including but not limited to cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, and thalidomide. These agents could potentially alter the activity and the safety of atezolizumab. Systemic corticosteroids and anti-TNF-α agents may attenuate potential beneficial immunologic effects of treatment with atezolizumab but may be administered to manage irAE (See Safety Plan). If feasible, alternatives to these agents should be considered
with dermatologic manifestations only (e.g., patients with psoriatic arthritis
Patients with a malignancy other than STS within 5 years prior to randomisation with
would be excluded) are permitted provided that they meet the following
the exception of those with a negligible risk of metastasis or death and
treated with expected curative outcome (such as adequately treated in situ
Rash must cover less than 10% of body surface area (BSA)
carcinoma of the cervix, basal or squamous cell skin cancer, localised
Disease is well controlled at baseline and only requiring low potency topical steroids
prostate cancer or ductal in situ carcinoma treated surgically with curative
No acute exacerbations of underlying condition within the previous 12 months (not requiring PUVA [psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation], methotrexate, retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors, high-potency or oral steroids)" Note: Patients with a history of autoimmune hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid replacement hormone may be eligible
Patients with history of autoimmune disease including but not limited to myasthenia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjögren's syndrome, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis
Note: Patients with a type I diabetes well controlled by a stable dose of insulin are
Patients with active B or C hepatitis infection. Note: Patients with past Hepatitis B
Note: Some Grade 2 may be permitted following discussion with the Sponsor
Virus (HBV) infection or resolved HBV infection (defined as having a negative HBsAg
test and a positive antibody to hepatitis B core antigen [anti-HBc] antibody test) are
eligible. Patients positive for Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if
polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is negative for HCV RNA
Patients with active tuberculosis
Patients with ongoing toxicities (Grade ≥1 according to CTCAE V5.0) from previous
therapies, except for alopecia (any grades) and lab values defined in inclusion
Patients with evidence of significant uncontrolled concomitant disease that could
affect compliance with the protocol or interpretation of results, including
significant liver disease (such as cirrhosis, uncontrolled major seizure disorder, or
superior vena cava syndrome)
Patients with significant cardiovascular disease, such as New York Heart Association
cardiac disease Class II or greater, myocardial infarction within 3 months prior to
W1D1, unstable arrhythmias or unstable angina
Patients with a known Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) < 40% will be
Patients with known coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure not meeting
the above criteria, or LVEF < 50% must be on a stable medical regimen that is
optimized in the opinion of the treating physician, in consultation with a
cardiologist if appropriate
Patients with history of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (including pneumonitis)
drug-induced pneumonitis, organizing pneumonia (i.e. bronchiolitis obliterans
cryptogenic organizing pneumonia), or evidence of active pneumonitis on imaging
Pregnant or lactating women
Prior organ transplantation including allogeneic stem cell transplantation
Patients who are known to be serologically positive for human immunodeficiency virus
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