Last updated on July 2019

Opioid Free Anesthesia in Bariatric Surgery

Brief description of study

This study compares the intraoperative opioid free anesthesia approach in laparoscopic bariatric surgery to a conventional opioid- based anesthesia. Half of participants will receive opioid free anesthesia with dexmedetomidine, lidocaine and ketamine while the other half will receive opioid based anesthesia with fentanyl, remi-fentanyl and ketamine

Detailed Study Description

Since optimal analgesia for the obese patients undergoing bariatric surgeries has always been challenging, and knowing the comorbidities and physiological changes in this population, use of opioid-sparing agents during anesthesia has attracted substantial research.the use of opioids in the perioperative period in obese patients is associated with an increased risk of complications . They are especially more sensitive to the respiratory depressant effect of opioids , thus any analgesic alternative without further compromising airway tone would be a desirable choice.

Dexmedetomidine is a selective alpha-two adrenergic receptor agonist that has antinociceptive, analgesic and sedative properties, without compromising airway tone and reflexes .

Lidocaine, a local anesthetic that has been shown to be an effective multimodal strategy to minimize postoperative pain was evaluated in one study involving obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. Its usage was associated with an improved quality of recovery compared to placebo .

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03507634

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