Last updated on February 2020

A Clinical Trial on No-touch Vein Graft (NT-graft) in Coronary Surgery


Brief description of study

The primary objective in this study is to investigate if vein grafts harvested and implanted with the non-touch technique are superior to conventional vein graft technique with respect to mid-term patency, in patients undergoing CABG surgery.

Detailed Study Description

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the most common surgical procedure aimed against ischemic heart disease (IHD) in Sweden. Early and late success of CABG is the result of sustained patency of the bypass grafts. The choice of conduit (graft) for CABG has been shown to impact graft patency. The excellent early and late patency of in situ left internal thoracic artery (LITA) has stimulated the use of other arterial grafts, such as the radial artery (RA) and the right internal thoracic artery (RITA). However, target coronary vessels/lesions are limitations for the use of RITA and RA, and concerns regarding postoperative sternal wound infection with increases of early morbidity and mortality are reasons for limited use of bilateral ITA. The saphenous vein grafts (SVG), together with the left internal thoracic artery, are still the most commonly used conduits in CABG surgery.

Vein graft failure is associated with recurrence of angina and one of the primary reasons for reintervention, either by redo CABG or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Early vein graft failure is not uncommon, and it was shown in the PREVENT IV multi-center trial6, that vein graft failure (occluded or stenosed) had occurred in 27% of all vein grafts at one year.

Despite this, SVG remains as an important conduit for most patients in contemporary bypass surgery and every effort should focus on promoting short and long-term patency of SVG. Previous studies by Souza have demonstrated that harvesting the SVG with a pedicle of surrounding tissue and without vein graft distension, the so-called "No touch" technique (NT), significantly improve patency compared with conventional technique i.e. stripping the vein of all adventitial tissue and distension prior to implantation. An international multi center randomized controlled clinical trial, (SUPERIOR SVG, NCT01047449) including 12 centers and 250 patients, was recently presented and showed favorable but not significant results for No touch vein grafts compared to conventional vein grafts. The protocol did not include cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) for every patient which is an important difference compared to our planned study.

The major limitation regarding the putative benefit of NT technique of vein harvesting is that most of the data has all been derived from a single center. The surgical vein graft harvesting technique for NT grafts is more demanding. Therefore, there is a clear clinical equipoise to perform a multi-center randomized clinical trial to validate the excellent single-center results and determine whether the NT technique is reproducible, feasible and generalizable.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03501303

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Linköping, Sweden
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Aarhus

Aarhus, Denmark
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G teborg

Göteborg, Sweden
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Karlskrona

Karlskrona, Sweden
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Linköping, Sweden
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Lund

Lund, Sweden
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Ume

Umeå, Sweden
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Uppsala

Uppsala, Sweden
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Recruitment Status: Open


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