Last updated on October 2018

Urine CXCL10 Monitoring Trial in Kidney Transplant


Brief description of study

This is a Phase II-III multi-center prospective randomized controlled clinical trial of incident adult renal transplant patients.

The primary objective of this study is to determine if the early treatment of rejection, as detected by urinary CXCL10, will improve renal allograft outcomes.

Detailed Study Description

This is a Phase II-III multi-center prospective randomized controlled clinical trial of incident adult renal transplant patients. Patients will be screened for eligibility (n485) and n420 will be enrolled and undergo post-transplant surveillance with urinary CXCL10. Two hundred and fifty patients deemed at high risk for rejection based on a confirmed elevated urine CXCL10 will undergo 1:1 randomization to the intervention and control arms, stratified by center. The total study duration is approximately 5 years; and there two main phases - screening and intervention.

All eligible, enrolled patients will undergo the Screening Phase (n420). Routine urine CXCL10 screening will be done from 2 weeks - 9 months post-transplant. We have previously shown that urine CXCL10 is elevated in ischemia-reperfusion injury, so screening will commence at 2 weeks (+/- 4 days) to exclude this as a potential confounding factor (60).

If patient develops a confirmed elevated urine CXCL10 level and is considered high risk for rejection, they will proceed to Randomization in the Intervention Phase, which can occur anytime between 2 weeks - 9 months post-transplant. Participants in the Intervention Arm will undergo renal biopsy to check for rejection. Biopsy-proven subclinical rejection will be treated per study protocol. Participants in the Control Arm will continue routine post-transplant surveillance with serum creatinine and proteinuria; serial urine samples will continue to be collected and analyzed (blinded), but not used to direct care. All randomized participants will undergo a 12-month study exit visit with protocol biopsy to determine primary, secondary and long-term outcomes.

Enrolled patients with persistently low urine CXCL10 and low risk of rejection from 2 weeks - 9 months post-transplant will be considered Off-Study (not randomized). They will undergo a 12-month study exit visit (+/- 7 days) to determine secondary and long-term outcomes.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03206801

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