Pembrolizumab in Elderly Patients With Advanced Lung Cancer

  • days left to enroll
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Spanish Lung Cancer Group
Updated on 23 January 2021
measurable disease
growth factor
epidermal growth factor receptor
epidermal growth factor
advanced lung cancer
lung carcinoma


Most tinnitus sufferers experiences significant anxiety or depression that worsens the subjective symptoms related to tinnitus. In this study, we intend to use internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in addition to sound therapy to provide psychotherapy to patients with tinnitus. Multiple research studies have found CBT to be effective in improving the subjective symptoms of tinnitus. The internet-based CBT course developed for this study is 8 weeks in duration and organized into eight 1-week modules; each module contains 2-4 separate lessons and homework assignments. Patients will be given unique usernames and passwords. In each weekly module, patients will review educational materials online, do exercises. and will be given feedback based on the results of the completed exercises. In addition, patients are given different meditation exercises each week for relaxation and coping with their tinnitus. These interactive materials enable patients to manage and control any negative feelings and thoughts that may be associated with tinnitus and help take their attention away from tinnitus. Tinnitus loudness and annoyance will be measured before and after the program. An internet-based course enables care providers to monitor patients' progress with the CBT course remotely, and allows patients to learn CBT at their own convenience and schedule.


The purpose of this study is to evaluate a internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) system as a method of treating patients with tinnitus. Tinnitus is a common symptom that is defined as the perception of the sound in the ears without any external source. It is often described by the patients as ringing or a buzzing sound, alone or more often as a mixture of sounds. This symptom afflicts 10 to 15% of the adult population. It usually does not bother patients significantly; however about 10% of the patients will suffer severe problems which include insomnia, anxiety, depression and other emotional problems. The various forms of treatment for tinnitus that have been tested in properly controlled trials can be classified as pharmacological, sound therapy and psychological. In clinical trials, no pharmacological agent has been shown to have lasting effect on the presence or severity of tinnitus. Despite numerous available treatments for tinnitus, it is rarely curable and the sufferer must use coping strategies to decrease the distress.

CBT is a psychological treatment that has emerged as consistently beneficial in terms of affecting overall well-being and reducing the level of tinnitus-related annoyance. CBT is a form of psychotherapy for tinnitus that intends to measure and improve the affected individual's reaction to tinnitus. It does not eliminate the auditory perception, but reduces or corrects negative responses to tinnitus. CBT identifies negative automatic thought and determines its validity with the patient. It intends to modify negative automatic thoughts to more positive and realistic ones. Using this method, the patients with tinnitus can function better despite the presence of tinnitus.

One of the problems with CBT is the shortage of clinicians who are specialized in CBT for tinnitus. For this reason, some programs have been developed which utilize guided or therapist-supported self-help approach. Internet based CBT have been developed for patients with tinnitus in several studies. Anderson and colleagues in Sweden compared pre and post therapeutic effect of CBT in 117 participants with tinnitus duration of more than 6 months. All subjects had been offered the CBT program and 96 provided outcome measures. Tinnitus-related distress, depression, and diary ratings of annoyance decreased significantly. Also in comparison to a control group, they found out that these patients showed an improvement of at least 50% on the Tinnitus Reaction Questionnaire. They concluded that CBT via the Internet can help individuals decrease annoyance associated with tinnitus. In another study by Kaldo, they evaluated the difference between internet-based CBT and group-based CBT. The subjects in internet treatment consumed less therapist time and it was 1.7 times as cost-effective as the group treatment. However some studies support the utilization of self-help methods for treatment of tinnitus, but there are still some problems with using these methods such as accessibility to internet, knowledge of the patients on using computers and internet, interactivity and user friendly structure of the software that is used for the program and time management of the patients for practicing methods and exercises embedded in this program. By correcting and rectifying these 3 of 25 issues, internet-based self-help programs will better serve the patients with their cost-effective and time saving benefits. Currently there is no web-based CBT for the treatment of tinnitus available.

The objective of this study is to evaluate an internet-based CBT course for the treatment of tinnitus. Adult patients (18+ years) with moderate-to-severe tinnitus (see additional Inclusion Criteria) will be selected for enrollment and will take pre-course surveys and undergo tinnitus-specific audiometry testing. The 8-week course will be completed by the patients online, at home. Following completion of the course, enrollees will repeat the surveys and tinnitus-specific audiometry tests.

Condition Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, nsclc
Treatment Pembrolizumab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03293680
SponsorSpanish Lung Cancer Group
Last Modified on23 January 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients with histological or cytological documented stage III B or IV squamous and non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer previously untreated
Epidermal Growth Factor receptor (EGFR) and Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) have to be wild-type
The subject must be willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial
Patients must be aged more than 70 years, on day of signing informed consent
Measurable disease (at least 1 lesion) based on RECIST criteria v1.1. Patients will not be eligible if this lesion was irradiated before inclusion
Be willing to provide tissue from a newly obtained core or excision biopsy of a tumor lesion. Newly-obtained is defined as a specimen obtained up to 6 weeks (42 days) prior to initiation of treatment on Day 1. Subjects for whom newly-obtained samples cannot be provided (e.g. inaccessible or subject safety concern) may submit an archived specimen only upon agreement from the Sponsor
PD-L1 expression 1%
Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Scale
Screening laboratory values must meet the following criteria (Table 1, see protocol), all screening laboratory tests should be performed within 8 days of treatment initiation
Male subjects of childbearing potential must agree to use an adequate method of contraception, starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy

Exclusion Criteria

Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment
Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy at a dose over 10 mg of prednisone or equivalent, or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment
Has a known history of active Tuberculosis Bacillus
Hypersensitivity to Pembrolizumab or any of its excipients
Has had any prior anti-cancer therapy for his or her metastatic NSCLC. In the case of patients who have progressed to a metastatic stage after having been treated for early stage NSCLC, chemotherapy or radiation therapy as part of this previous treatment is allowed, provided they have been completed more than three months ago. Patients who received adjuvant or neoadjuvant treatment or both for early stages will be eligible for this trial. All adverse events related to these previous treatments must have recovered (i.e., Grade 1 or at baseline)
Has had any previous malignancy (except non melanoma skin cancer, and cancer in situ of: bladder, gastric, colon, cervical/dysplasia, melanoma, breast), unless a complete remission was achieved at least 2 years prior to study entry and no additional therapy is required or anticipated to be required during the study period
Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate if they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids at a dose over 10 mg of prednisone or equivalent, for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment. This exception does not include carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless of clinical stability
Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (eg., thyroxin, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment
Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or current pneumonitis
Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
Has any geriatric exclusion criteria
advanced dementia (GDS ranking >6)
moderate or severe functional dependence (Barthel Index < 35)
Life expectancy less than one year, due to co-morbidities other than lung cancer
Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies)
Has known active Hepatitis B (e.g., HBsAg reactive) or Hepatitis C (e.g., Hepatitis C Virus RNA [qualitative] is detected)
Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy. Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed
Evidence of interstitial lung disease
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