Hydroxyurea Adherence for Personal Best in Sickle Cell Disease (HABIT): Efficacy Trial

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    208
  • sponsor
    Columbia University
Updated on 24 June 2021
hydroxyurea
blood disorder
thalassemia
sickle hemoglobin

Summary

Many youth with chronic disease have difficulty taking medication every day and therefore do not receive full benefit from treatment. Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is an inherited blood disease that affects African Americans and other underserved communities. Hydroxyurea (HU) is the sole FDA-approved drug therapy for SCD and is highly effective and improves quality of life. The proposed study, a 5-site four-year randomized control trial (RCT), builds upon the investigators' recent feasibility study of the same title. Overall goals are reducing barriers to HU use and improving adherence for youth 10-18 years through creation of a daily medication habit. The goal of the proposed multi-site study is to test the efficacy of the HABIT intervention at 6 months and sustainability of the effect at 12 months.

Description

Barriers to medication adherence are common in youth with chronic illness and are a source of racial/ethnic disparities in underserved communities. An inherited blood disease, Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is characterized by chronic and acute illness and reduced quality of life (QOL). It affects African Americans and other underserved communities. Hydroxyurea (HU) is the sole FDA-approved drug therapy for SCD and is highly effective and improves QOL. Poor adherence is common among youth and young adults with SCD.

The importance of poor medication adherence, use of community-based health workers (CHWs) to bridge the gap between health services and underserved parent-youth dyads affected by SCD, the strength of the science, the success of the investigators' multi-ethnic feasibility study, and the potential application of study findings to youth with other serious chronic illnesses speak to the importance of this trial.

Details
Condition SICKLE CELL ANEMIA, Sickle Cell Disease
Treatment HABIT Intervention
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03462511
SponsorColumbia University
Last Modified on24 June 2021

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