Aldesleukin and Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Kidney Cancer

  • End date
    Dec 17, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Washington
Updated on 13 April 2022
ejection fraction
monoclonal antibodies
metastatic disease
serum pregnancy test
measurable disease
direct bilirubin
glomerular filtration rate
serum bilirubin
serum total bilirubin level
neutrophil count
liver metastasis
pet scan
tumor cells
monoclonal antibody therapy
programmed cell death 1 ligand 1
solid tumour
curative surgery
kidney cancer
metastatic renal cell carcinoma


This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of aldesleukin when given together with pembrolizumab in treating patients with kidney cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. Aldesleukin may stimulate white blood cells to kill kidney cancer cells. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to avoid recognition by immune cells. Giving aldesleukin and pembrolizumab may work better in treating patients with kidney cancer.


OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of aldesleukin.

Patients receive pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1. Patients also receive aldesleukin subcutaneously (SC) 5 days per week for 6 weeks; or aldesleukin IV on days 2-6 of pembrolizumab cycles 1 and 2. Pembrolizumab treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 4 cycles per treatment course in the absence of clinical disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up via surveillance scans for every 3 months for up to 1 year or until disease progression.

Condition Advanced Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma, Stage III Renal Cell Cancer, Stage IV Renal Cell Cancer, Metastatic Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma
Treatment aldesleukin, Pembrolizumab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03260504
SponsorUniversity of Washington
Last Modified on13 April 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Be willing and able to provide written informed consent for the trial
Have histologic confirmation of RCC with a clear cell component
Have advanced (not amenable to potentially curative surgery) or metastatic RCC
May have received previous systemic treatments or regimens for metastatic RCC. Prior therapy can include checkpoint blocking antibodies targeting PD-1, PD-L1, or cytotoxic Tlymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) and/or targeted agents including TKIs, mTOR inhibitors, or bevacizumab. Patients may choose to receive study treatment as their initial therapy
Available tissue from an archival tissue sample or newly obtained core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion
Previously treated patients must have documented disease progression after their last line of therapy
Have measurable disease based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1
Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance scale
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500 /mcL (within 14 days of treatment initiation)
Platelets >= 100,000/mcL (within 14 days of treatment initiation)
Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/L (within 14 days of treatment initiation)
Serum creatinine =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl) >= 40 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN; creatinine clearance should be calculated by Cockcroft-Gault (within 14 days of treatment initiation)
Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN OR direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN (within 14 days of treatment initiation)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X ULN OR =< 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases (within 14 days of treatment initiation)
International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants (dose level 2 and 3 patients only) (within 14 days of treatment initiation)
Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants (dose level 2 and 3 patients only) (within 14 days of treatment initiation)
Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) >= 65% of predicted (Testing performed prior to study screening are allowable. Pre-treatment testing must have been completed within 6 months of start of treatment) (within 14 days of treatment initiation)
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 50% measured by multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan, echo, or stress test study with myocardial perfusion imaging (Testing performed prior to study screening are allowable. Pre-treatment testing must have been completed within 6 months of start of treatment) (within 14 days of treatment initiation)
Normal/negative cardiac stress testing with myocardial perfusion imaging OR cardiac catheterization with non-significant angiogram findings reviewed by a cardiology consultant (Testing performed prior to study screening are allowable. Pre-treatment testing must have been completed within 6 months of start of treatment) (within 14 days of treatment initiation)
Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication; if the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 140 days after the last dose of study medication; subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year
Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 200 days after the last dose of study therapy

Exclusion Criteria

Has received prior therapy with IL-2 or other investigational systemic cytokine therapy signaling through a common gamma-chain cytokine receptor including IL-7, IL-15 or IL-21
Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or using an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment
Has had a prior monoclonal antibody within 4 weeks prior to study day I. Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to study day 1
Adverse events due to prior treatment must be resolved to < grade 1
Note: If subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy
For patients previously treated with checkpoint blocking antibodies, no history of
myocarditis, pneumonitis or nephritis of any grade associated with the prior
Has had autoimmune toxicity associated with prior checkpoint blocking antibodies requiring more than one drug class of immune suppressive therapy to resolve (e.g. steroid-refractory toxicity requiring infliximab, mycophenolate mofetil, tacrolimus or other immune suppressive agent) or requiring continuous immune suppression > 12 weeks, or having a severity judged to be life threatening by the investigator
Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment; exceptions include locally curable cancers such as basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, superficial bladder cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast that has undergone potentially curative therapy
Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis
(Dose level 1) subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment
(Dose Level 2 and 3) subjects may not have any history of or current CNS metastases; baseline imaging of the brain is required within 28 days prior to the start of study treatments
Has an active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment within the past 3 months or a documented history of clinically severe autoimmune disease, or a syndrome that requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents; subjects with vitiligo or resolved childhood asthma/atopy would be an exception to this rule; subjects that require intermittent use of bronchodilators or local steroid injections would not be excluded from the study; subjects with hypothyroidism stable on hormone replacement or Sjorgen's syndrome will not be excluded from the study
Has history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or active, non-infectious pneumonitis
Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any
Ongoing symptomatic cardiac dysrhythmias, uncontrolled atrial fibrillation, or prolongation of the corrected QT interval defined as > 450 msec for males and > 470 msec for female
other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose
of trial treatment
History of any of the following cardiovascular conditions within 6 months of enrollment: cardiac angioplasty or stenting, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, coronary artery bypass graft surgery, class III or IV congestive heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association, symptomatic peripheral vascular disease, cerebrovascular accident, or transient ischemic attack
Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment
Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies)
Has known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment; administration of killed vaccines are allowed; Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed
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